Herpes type 6 is one of the herpes strains, which only the human body treats as a carrier. Therefore, in the abbreviation, it is written as HHV-6 or HHV-6.
It should be recalled that "herpes simplex virus type 6" does not happen. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a different type of herpes virus. In turn, the immunity reacts to the HSV more aggressively, therefore, when the immune system is suppressed, the person encounters an exacerbation of herpes simplex more often than type 6 relapses.
From the characteristics of the virus should highlight its ability to disguise as other diseases. Therefore, it is quite difficult to diagnose it. Often, type 6 is determined by the presence of type 7 herpes virus in the blood.
There are two types of human herpes virus type 6:
- The first subtype is called HHV-6A (HHV-6A). This is a rarely diagnosed type in medical practice. It is often detected in people with HIV-positive status. And also among physicians there is a theory that he develops such a disease as "multiple sclerosis".
- The second subtype is called HHV-6B (HHV-6B). More than 90% of the world's population is infected with this subtype. Doctors believe that HHV-6B provokes a disease such as "pediatric roseola". Usually B type begins its activity against the background of some disease, say, hepatitis, pneumonia, etc.
Previously, the 6th type was not divided into 2 different herpetic species. In 2012, it was divided, because the regularity of different types of this herpes virus was noticed. One of them influenced the diseases associated with the nervous system, the other caused a "sudden rash".
Ways of transmission of the virus
Herpes type 6 is a fairly active virus that is very tenacious and quickly looks for a carrier. There are 3 main methods of transmission:
- At birth. Infection occurs from mother to child during childbirth. As a rule, primary infection occurs through the birth canal, and not through the placenta.
- Through saliva. The presence of a carrier of herpes type 6 in saliva allows the virus to be transmitted not only through a kiss, but also through airborne droplets through close contact.
- Through the blood. If the carrier's blood got on the damaged skin of a healthy person or by blood transfusion.
Symptoms of diseases caused by the virus
When primary infection occurs, herpes type 6 usually causes a sudden exanthema. Therefore, signs of primary infection with herpesvirus type 6 in adults are rare, since a sudden rash is transmitted in childhood.
At primary infection, the body gives a quick response, while:
- the temperature rises to 38 degrees
- lays nose
- lymph nodes are enlarged
- the throat starts to hurt,
- there is pain in the muscles and joints.
There are 2 main diseases that are provoked by the herpes virus type 6 in adults - it is chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and mononucleosis, which is caused by HHV-6, and not Epstein-Barr virus.
Mononucleosis syndrome caused by herpes type 6 has the following symptoms:
- swollen lymph nodes
- red throat, like with sore throat,
- feeling of migraine,
- painful condition of the joints.
With CFS, the symptoms are very blurry. Usually, chronic fatigue syndrome does not have clear signs, but the body is constantly unwell. A person cannot sleep and always feels weak and depressed.
Herpes simplex virus type 6 is diagnosed by taking a blood test for PCR (polymerase chain reaction) and ELISA (enzyme immunoassay). The first is able to detect the presence of the DNA of the virus, and the second will be able to understand the primary infection in the patient or exacerbation.
Herpes type 6 tests are usually rarely used in laboratory diagnostics. When a patient has enlarged lymph nodes and the doctor is unable to determine the cause or if it is unclear what antiviral drugs to prescribe to the patient.
After testing, the presence in the blood of the ratio of negative (-) and positive (+) immunoglobulins of class M (IgM) and class G (IgG) will be detected. To decrypt the analysis, use the following table:
Causes and ways of infection
The highest concentration of herpes virus type 6 is found in saliva, so the main route of transmission is airborne. It is extremely easy for an adult to become infected with HHV-6 by kissing, close conversation, coughing, sneezing. Infection through the blood is much less common with intravenous drug administration or the use of non-sterile medical instruments.
But vertical transmission is not excluded (from mother to child during pregnancy and childbirth).
Herpes type 6 is found in 9 out of 10 adults, with the majority of those infected who first encounter the virus in early childhood, having experienced a sudden exanthema. After infection, the pathogen of the disease remains in the body for life and most often does not show activity if the person does not suffer from immune disorders.
Treatment of herpes type 6 in adults
Like other types of herpes infections, HHV-6 is characterized by a chronic course. This means that it is impossible to completely remove the virus from the body of an adult. Disease therapy is aimed at strengthening the immune system and suppressing the activity of the pathogen.
It is difficult for both adults and children to avoid HHV-6 infection. This is because the human body has a high susceptibility to the virus.
Prevention of infection is primarily aimed at strengthening the immune system, which requires a healthy good nutrition, rejection of bad habits, hardening and sufficient physical activity.
In itself, infection with the HHV-6 virus does not pose a great danger to an adult, but the causative agent of the disease can cause a number of complications of a severe form, activating against the background of a decrease in the body's natural defenses.
In the treatment of HHV-6, an integrated approach is important, which is based on the use of immunomodulators (Polyoxidonium, Amixin, Cycloferon, Viferon) and antiviral drugs.
It is proved that herpes type 6 contributes to the development of the following pathologies:
- multiple sclerosis,
- primary CNS lymphoma,
- Infectious mononucleosis,
- endocrine disorders,
- liver failure.
Chronic fatigue syndrome, which is often accompanied by HHV-6 in adults, can provoke lymphadenitis, severe depressions, migraines, and abnormalities in the functioning of the urinary and reproductive systems.
Primary infection with the virus and recurrence of the disease during pregnancy can lead to fetal malformations and death of the child, therefore, when carrying a baby, a woman should pay special attention to the symptoms of HHV-6.
Herpes type 6 during pregnancy
Most women become infected with herpes type 6 before the onset of pregnancy, but during the period of gestation of the child, due to the physiological decline in immunity, exacerbations of the infection may appear.
There is no exact information on how this type of virus affects the gestation process and the development of the fetus.
It is believed that the primary infection with the virus and the relapse of the disease during pregnancy can lead to fetal malformations and death of the child, therefore, when carrying a baby, a woman should pay special attention to the symptoms of HHV-6.
How is herpes type 6 transmitted?
Human herpes type 6 includes serological infections 6B and 6A, with genetic and epidemiological differences. Herpes of any kind and subspecies transmitted by airborne droplet or contact method, primarily through sexual contact. Cases of transmission of infection were noted during organ transplantation from a person infected with a virus and during manipulations with medical instruments that were used in the treatment of the virus carrier. Herpes type 6 is mainly concentrated in saliva, although it is found in almost all body tissues. It should be noted, the thermal resistance of the intracellular parasite, which allows it to withstand temperature readings up to +52 degrees for half an hour, and maintain vitality with a short exposure to temperature + 70 degrees.
Symptoms of infection with herpes type 6
The primary infection manifests itself sharply: the temperature of the human body rises to 38-39 degrees. At the same time observed:
- minor intoxication
- feverish state
- sore throat,
- nasal congestion,
- swollen lymph nodes.
Often marked muscle and joint pain that occurs in different parts of the limbs.
Signs of damage to the nervous system are:
In severe cases, the patient is completely immobilized and loses vital functions. After a few days, temperature indicators return to normal, and a pale pink rash appears on the body in the back, chest, abdomen, leg and arm folds, which disappears in two or three days.
Often the symptoms of herpes infection are confused with manifestations of ARVI, rubella and other infectious diseases. But it should be remembered that the presence in the body of herpes type 6 can cause serious malignant diseases:
- Hodgkin's disease,
- optic neuritis,
- multiple sclerosis and a variety of serious illnesses.
The virus is most often detected not as a separate disease, but as aggravating the course of other diseases, including AIDS. Therefore, in case of suspicion of infection with the herpes virus, it should be examined for the presence of infection in the body, having passed the biological fluids necessary for analysis.
Treatment of herpes caused by virus type 6
Treatment of the disease caused by herpes type 6 is symptomatic. Unfortunately, at the present moment there are no drugs that completely eliminate the virus that has invaded the body. But on the other hand, timely detection and competent therapy prevent dangerous complications.
When treating herpes type 6 of both subspecies, Foscarnet is quite effective. Ganciclovir is active against herpes simplex virus type 6 B-subspecies. But both marked drugs are taken only by adults, they are not prescribed to children under 12 years old. Therapy includes use of such immunomodulators:
Usually, medicines are used in various combinations, which are determined by the attending physician. In order to enhance immunity, herpetic vaccine is often prescribed.
Herpes type 6: what you need to know?
Most carriers do not realize that herpes 6 is already present in the body. Like other human herpes viruses, it cannot be destroyed: medicine has not yet invented such a medicine. This virus is especially pronounced in children. Scientists believe that it is mainly transmitted through saliva, so babies become infected with this disease almost from the first days of contact with their mother or other carriers of the virus.
Infecting a child in the first few months of life will not lead to consequences, since the innate immunity transmitted from the mother suppresses viruses. Only if the mother does not have the virus, and the child becomes infected by another person. Herpes sufferers usually get sick between the ages of 4 months and up to 13 months. According to statistics, 90% of primary diseases of herpes falls on the age of a child under 2 years old.
The herpes virus type 6 can occur against the background of other diseases. Often the virus in the body is determined by the presence in the blood of immunoglobulins, which are common or very similar to those of the herpes virus. Due to a similar reaction, incorrect diagnoses are often made.
In most cases, the virus is transmitted through saliva. It is there that he is present in 90% of people. Less commonly, the tonsils are the reservoir of the virus. The probability of infection by this virus of the child from the mother during breastfeeding is almost eliminated. In some cases, the transmission of this virus to the child from the mother during birth is recorded. At birth, it can enter the body of a newborn through injuries of mucous membranes and skin damage.
The main symptom is a small eruption on the skin of the child, they spread over the entire surface of the body. Slightly raised above the skin. Itching is usually not observed. They are also called baby roseola, the sixth disease or pseudo-red son.
A few days before the rash starts, the child's temperature rises, but the baby feels good. The temperature lasts 4 - 5 days, then drops sharply, and a rash begins. Sometimes the disease goes away without a rash. Then herpes exacerbation can be confused with measles or enterovirus infection. The virus can be disguised as measles, rubella, meningitis, otitis media, sepsis, drug rash, bacterial pneumonia, and infectious erythema.
The rash lasts from a small amount of time (several hours) to several days. The baby loses its appetite, it becomes irritable and sedentary, sometimes the lymph nodes are enlarged.
There are more serious manifestations:
- thrombocytopenic purpura,
- fulminant hepatitis,
- mononucleosis syndrome,
Recall that herpes often accompanies other diseases. Against the background of herpes, eosinophilia can sometimes develop, as well as a syndrome of hypersensitivity to certain drugs. It is very rare that if a virus of the 6th type penetrates for the first time into an adult organism, it causes the same symptoms as with a disease in children: rash and fever. Often, these symptoms are confused with side effects from antibiotics.
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The prognosis for life with the disease is positive. But the presence of the virus in the human body and its invisible activity often leads to the development of other, more dangerous diseases.
During an increase in temperature, children may experience convulsions (epilepsy can be a consequence of them) in rare cases - encephalitis, meningitis, pneumonia.
In adults, complications appear if immunity decreases as a result of diseases, with a lack of vitamins or with immunosuppression (treatment of cancer and blood diseases). These complications are very dangerous.
It is proved that the herpes virus type 6 affects the appearance of such diseases:
- pink versicolor
- multiple sclerosis,
- chronic fatigue syndrome. It is characterized by central nervous system and peripheral disorders, metabolic disorders and a feeling of fatigue,
- autoimmune thyroiditis, which often develops into hypothyroidism,
- retrobulbar neuritis. There are isolated cases of the occurrence of this neuritis due to recurrence of the virus in infants. The disease is dangerous loss of vision,
- liver failure,
- oncological diseases. All herpes viruses can lead to the development of cancer, herpes type 6 as well. More often, it leads to the development of lymphomas, brain tumors, Kaposi's sarcoma, leukemia, cervical cancer.
Medicine does not have methods for completely ridding a person of this virus. The treatment of a primary infection can be considered meaningless, it is wiser to allow the body to develop a lifelong immunity.
When symptoms appear, drugs are used to combat herpes viruses:
- foscarnet has proven itself in the treatment of both types of herpes virus type 6,
- common acyclovir shows rather low efficacy in the treatment of this type of virus.
Antipyretic drugs (paracetamol and ibuprofen derivatives) are used as drugs to relieve symptoms. Panadol and Nurofen are often prescribed to children during treatment. Medics note that taking interferon-based drugs reduces the risk of exacerbation. But for the sake of only preventing the reactivation of the virus, it is not worthwhile to treat with interferon. It is more reasonable to use a complex of preventive measures.
Herpes type 6 and its dangerous effects
Herpes is the most common virus on the planet. The majority of the population, if not sick, is the carrier of this virus. There are 8 types of herpes virus. The first 5 have been studied quite well, but little is known about herpes viruses 6, 7, and 8. Herpes type 6 can affect both adults and children. The timely treatment of the virus is necessary. Herpes type 6 is dangerous for its complications.
Herpes type 6 is divided into 2 types: 6A and 6B. Several years ago, they were recognized as separate species that are related. They contain double-stranded DNA, their main carrier is a human.
A herpevirus type 6 (HHV-6) was first found and isolated from peripheral blood lymphocytes of people infected with various lymphoproliferative diseases (including HIV). This virus is similar to other herpes viruses, but differs from them in certain characteristics (properties, structure, genome composition, mass of molecular proteins, etc.).
The first studies were conducted in 1986 in the state of Nevada (USA), where an infection was detected in a recreation area. Clinically, the disease resembled ordinary flu. Then the same infection was found in Europe and Africa, and the disease was found in completely healthy people.
Ways of infection
As herpes type 6 is transmitted, it has not been reliably established, however, it is assumed that the infection occurs by airborne droplets. Sexual transmission of the virus also cannot be ruled out.
Признан вертикальный путь передачи вируса от матери к ребенку. Perinatal (intrauterine) infections quite often affect the fetus. Herpes virus was detected during examination of the tissue after an abortion. When a child reaches five months of age, the amount of antibodies to the virus decreases, however, the herpes simplex type 6 virus is still detected in children when the child gets older. Perhaps this is due to its immediate environment, among which there are carriers of the virus.
When blood is transfused, its components and organ transplantation, the virus also quite often passes to a patient who is undergoing an organ transplant or blood transfusion.
This virus was found in 80% of healthy blood donors. Also, 65% of those infected with HIV and more than 70% of oncology patients show antibodies to herpes type 6.
Flu-like symptoms occur with the onset of herpes type 6. This type of virus, together with the herpes virus type 7, were recognized as provocateurs of chronic fatigue syndrome.
At the same time, the patient has symptoms of herpes type 6, such as fever, night sweats. His lymph nodes are enlarged. In addition, the general and psychological state of the patient changes. He has general fatigue and depression.
Virus 6A has been described as a type that occurs in patients with neuroinflammatory diseases, such as multiple sclerosis. The virus 6B during the initial infection causes such a common disease of children as a sudden rash or pediatric roseola, in which there is a high body temperature and a rash appears on the body. In addition, this type can cause such serious manifestations as pneumonitis, encephalitis and bone marrow suppression.
In the presence of these symptoms, an urgent appeal to a doctor is necessary.
Herpes virus type 6 is a serious danger, both for adults and for children. In addition to multiple sclerosis, pediatric roseola, encephalitis, there are other dangerous diseases that can occur in patients whose body has herpes virus type 6. Infectious mononucleosis in adolescents and adults, malignant lymphomas and histiocytic necrotic lymphadenitis are also presumably caused by the herpes virus. HHV-6 is considered a co-factor of AIDS, and, in combination with HSV-7, is one of the prerequisites for the development of cervical carcinomas and nasopharyngeal carcinomas. There are other diseases that are suspected to be caused by this virus.
What is dangerous for herpes type 6 for children is a sudden exanthema of the newborn, diseases of the central nervous system, autoimmune pathologies. Important timely diagnosis and effective treatment.
The sixth type of herpes virus was discovered relatively recently (in the mid 80s of the twentieth century). This is a DNA-containing viral agent that infects T-lymphocytes (responsible for the immune response). His study continues now. Inside the HHV type 6, two subspecies of pathogens can be distinguished:
- 6A (HHV-6). It is more characteristic of adults. The virus adversely affects the work of the central nervous system, presumably, the development of sclerosis is associated with its presence in the body,
- 6B (HHV-6-B). The species is most commonly diagnosed in younger patients.
Herpes type 6 is attributed to incurable diseases. Antiviral drugs can reduce the activity of the pathogen and achieve remission, but it is impossible to completely cure herpes infection at the current level of medicine.
Often, the primary immunity to the disease is innate (if the mother has antibodies to this type of herpes). Therefore, the first six months of life such babies are protected from infection, they rarely diagnose herpes type 6 (children in the main risk group from 7 months to a year). Infection usually occurs during the first 3 years of life, after which there is a specific immunity that allows you to endure re-infection is almost asymptomatic.
The virus remains in the human body in a latent form. It begins to actively multiply and have a devastating effect on health only during periods of significant decline in immunity.
In most cases, herpes simplex virus type 6 is diagnosed in HIV patients (during immunodeficiency studies, it was detected for the first time).
A feature of the virus is that the external signs of infection often imitate completely different diseases (cold, allergic rash, measles or rubella). This complicates the diagnosis.
Signs of defeat
External symptoms have age-related features. After the incubation period (1-2 weeks after the virus enters the body), the child has the following symptoms:
- a rapid rise in temperature, sometimes up to 40 o, which is difficult to bring down,
- swollen lymph nodes
- feverish, lethargy, loss of appetite,
- rarely - cramps, rolling eyes,
- sometimes - redness of the throat, rhinitis.
Fever persists for 3 days, then the above symptoms disappear, but instead a rash appears (roseola, sudden rash). However, infection in almost half the cases (about 40%) is not accompanied by skin rashes.
Primary infection with type 6 herpesvirus in adults is rarely diagnosed. When this happens, the symptoms are similar to those of children, but appear to a lesser extent - temperature, lethargy, an increase in lymph nodes.
More often, signs of pathology in adulthood are noticeable when infection recurs, provoked by a decrease in immunity. They are usually mistaken for a cold or flu:
- high fever,
- joint pain
- rhinitis, discomfort in the throat.
Activation of the virus provokes changes in the mental state. Chronic fatigue appears for no apparent reason, apathy, for some - irritability and aggressive behavior.
Sometimes the 6th type of herpes infection is mistakenly called HSV. This is incorrect, since only types 1 and 2 are referred to as HSV — herpes simplex viruses (a characteristic symptom is the appearance of itchy bubbles on the lips and genitals). The sixth type, which provokes roseola in childhood, and in adult serious pathology of various organs, does not belong to this group.
Danger of HHV 6 and possible consequences
A threat to health and even life of the virus becomes when there is a pronounced decrease in immunity. This happens in the following cases:
- the presence of severe chronic diseases that have not been treated for a long time,
- lack of vitamins
- prolonged and severe fatigue, stress,
- hormone therapy
- radiation exposure, development of radiation sickness,
- cancer treatment - chemotherapy,
- the presence of immunodeficiency, AIDS.
- prevention of transplanted organ rejection with immunosuppressants.
The "awakened" virus begins to have a devastating effect, affecting various systems and organs. This is often manifested in the form of diseases of the blood, liver, CNS, lymph nodes, kidneys and salivary glands. It is very likely that a link has been established between type 6 of herpes and the development of the following pathologies:
- oncological diseases
- multiple sclerosis - autoimmune damage to the nervous system,
- CFS - chronic fatigue syndrome. Manifested in apathy, fatigue. At the same time, performance decreases, irritability increases, behavior becomes aggressive,
- atrophy of the optic nerve and, as a result, blindness.
- thyroid disease. The resulting hormonal imbalance entails serious consequences for the whole body,
- rapid deterioration of HIV-infected, the transition of the disease into the stage of AIDS.
If a woman planning a pregnancy has a primary infection with HHV (human herpes virus), then conception should be postponed until the formation of specific immunity (the appearance of antibodies in the blood). Otherwise, the risk of miscarriage increases.
During remission, type 6 virus does not pose a threat, but against the background of a decrease in immunity, the infection is exacerbated, which is extremely dangerous. It contributes to the development of serious diseases, even death.
Disease development: ways of infection
Herpes type 6 in adults is more often present in a latent form. Infection occurs in childhood. After penetration into the human body, the infection contacts the cells and creates a protein nutrient medium for itself. The body at this moment is trying to fight the pathogen, producing antibodies. Using their definition, you can find out if the patient is sick and in what phase the infection is.
The causative agent of herpes simplex type 6 is transmitted through household contact (using one dish or toothbrush). From mother to child, the disease can go with the traditional licking of the nipples, which doctors are so opposed to. Infection is transmitted during the kiss. When coughing or sneezing, the virus flies out with microparticles of saliva. To infect them simply. Penetrating into the body of a new host, the virus accumulates mainly in the saliva, and can also be found in the pharyngeal tonsils. Subsequently, it is allocated to the external environment by a new carrier. This method continues the spread of herpes infection.
In spite of the fact that practically everyone has the herpes virus type 6, there are groups of people most affected by this infection. Statistics show that they often have a relapse of the disease, accompanied by vivid symptoms. The risk group includes:
- patients with severe or complicated diseases,
- people with reduced immunity,
- patients with blood disorders
- persons taking immunosuppressants for various reasons,
- younger children
- people who daily contact with a large number of unauthorized persons.
All the causes of the appearance of a viral infection of type 6 are reduced to one thing - a decrease in the immune defense and inhibition of body resistance. To prevent infection, and later - exacerbations, it is necessary to take measures to strengthen the protective functions.
The definition of herpes viruses in the patient's body is carried out by laboratory tests. According to the clinical picture, the infection can only be suspected, but the doctor cannot be sure that this is a pathogen of the 6th type. The following tests are assigned to confirm the guesswork:
- microscopic examination of mucus from the nose and throat,
- polymerase chain reaction and determination of virus DNA,
- enzyme immunoassay for the determination of antibodies.
For proper treatment, it is important for specialists to distinguish type 6 HSV from an allergic reaction, pneumonia, infectious erythema, rubella and measles. The most reliable method for this is the analysis of venous blood.
ELISA and PCR are of primary importance in the diagnosis of pathology. Their results are interpreted as follows:
- DNA detected - the disease is present in the body, DNA is not detected - the person has never been in contact with the pathogen (which is very rare),
- high titer of IgG and IgM - the pathology is in an active stage, infection has occurred relatively recently,
- IgG is present, but IgM is absent - infection occurred a long time ago, now the pathogen is in the latent stage,
- IgG is absent, but IgM is present - infection has occurred quite recently.
Even in the latent phase, the carrier of the virus is dangerous to others. The infection is transmitted swiftly quickly, and infected with strong immunity may not notice the disease.
What is herpes type 6
A variety of herpes called HHV-6 (HHV-6) attacks only humans. This virus, as a rule, multiplies in T-lymphocytes, which are responsible for the correct immune response of the body to the effects of harmful organisms. Herpes of the sixth type are classified into two types:
- Subtype A. Strain HHV-6A is rarely diagnosed. Often it affects the body of the person who has a weakened immune system due to HIV infection, nerve fiber diseases or hemoblastosis. This type 6 virus appears in both children and adult patients.
- Subtype B is considered more common. Its carriers are more than 90% of the adult population of the planet. Such a herpesvirus may be inactive for a long time, and then its activation begins on the background of a certain disease (pneumonia, hepatitis, encephalitis, etc.). According to pediatricians, children under 2 years old are especially susceptible to the herpes virus of the 6th B-type. Doctors call this infection "pseudo rubella" and "sixth disease."
Features of herpes type 6
Like any other disease, herpes of the sixth type has its own personal characteristics:
- The virus may not show up at first. After the incubation period (1-2 weeks), the first signs of infection appear.
- Herpesvirus type 6 is different in that the body is able to work out a defense against it. If a person once had had herpes with this form, then in most cases relapse does not happen or the disease will go unnoticed, without symptoms.
- Sometimes the human herpes virus type 6 is masked for other diseases, which greatly complicates the diagnosis and treatment of infection.
- A herpesvirus of the sixth type lives in cerebrospinal fluid, saliva, vaginal secretion.
The herpes virus of the sixth type does not always have symptoms, sometimes the development of the infection does not reveal itself at all. But sometimes a child and an adult may experience the following clinical signs of the disease:
- severe exanthema (acute viral infection in infants and young children),
- meningitis, acute hemiplegia,
- gastrointestinal lesions: nausea, vomiting, severe abdominal pain, diarrhea,
- febrile seizures,
- manifestation of ARVI,
- herpes of the sixth type causes fever,
- severe general malaise, weakness, decreased performance and memory, irritability, sleep disturbance,
- pancytopenia (insufficiency of all types of blood cells),
- infectious form of mononucleosis.
One or two weeks pass from the day the infection enters the child’s body until the first signs appear. Herpes virus type 6 in children is distinguished by its symptoms. The main symptom is a skin rash (roseola). It causes severe itching, scabies. This symptom appears on the back, moving on the neck, upper and lower limbs, abdomen. In general, the health of a small patient does not change, the appetite does not disappear, vigor and normal sleep remain. The rash itself goes away after a couple of days, but after it there are small wounds on the skin (as in the photo).
There is HHV type 6 in children atypical forms (without rash). In this case, the child rises sharply high temperature (up to 40 degrees). The state of health of the patient with such a diagnosis is severe, the crumbs are fever, convulsions, rolling eyes, lymphadenopathy. Occasionally, pediatric HHV 6 provokes purulent rhinitis, cough, nausea and indigestion.
Doctors distinguish a number of symptoms that are provoked by the herpes virus type 6 in adults:
- significant increase in body temperature
- throat redness
- fever, severe chills,
- diarrhea can occur,
- apathy, fatigue and weakness, not going through a long period of time,
- aggression, irritability.
If the infection is complicated, the following symptoms may occur:
- herpes of the sixth type may cause dizziness,
- impaired speech and vision
- unsteady, unsteady gait,
- taking of hands and feet is a symptom of herpes sixth,
- partial paralysis (paresis) of the muscles,
- Herpes virus type 6 causes breathing problems
- appearance of a bad cold with pus,
- enlarged lymph nodes in size.
Herpesvirus sixth type, as a rule, does not lead to death, but causes a variety of pathologies and provokes their complications. The main consequences of the disease are:
- multiple sclerosis,
- myocarditis can often be associated with herpesvirus sixth degree,
- the formation of liver failure,
- chronic fatigue syndrome
- cancers (leukemia, lymphoma, neoplasms in the brain),
- endocrine and lymphatic system disorders may occur
- thrombocytopenic purpura,
- fulminant hepatitis.
It is necessary to treat herpes of the 6th type, relying on signs. To date, no effective means has been invented that can remove the pathogen from the body completely. Despite all the tricks and efforts of physicians, the viral infection will remain in human cells, taking a latent form. It does not cause any discomfort to the patient until there is a decrease in immunity and the pathogen does not take an active form of development.
In order to prevent exacerbations, the treatment of type 6 herpes in adults is reduced to an increase in the body's immune defense. For this purpose, interferon-based drugs or other immunomodulators are prescribed. The use of vitamin complexes and herbal compounds is shown. To strengthen the body and increase its resistance, the patient must maintain an active lifestyle and observe good nutrition.
To combat the sixth type of herpes infection and its manifestations, systemic drugs are prescribed to the patient in the active phase. In order to inhibit the activity of the pathogen, antiviral drugs are recommended for use, but the effectiveness of their use is questioned.
- Ганцикловир – 3 гр в день (за 3-6 приемов). Contraindications to the use of a child's age, kidney dysfunction. Do not use the drug during pregnancy and breastfeeding, as well as in congenital cytomegalovirus.
- Tsidofovir - is used intravenously in a hospital. The initial dose is 5 mg / kg. Further adjustment is made by the doctor in accordance with the individual characteristics of the patient.
- Foscarnet - is administered in the form of an infusion, slowly. The initial dose is 60 mg / kg.
Often, when an acute herpes infection is exacerbated in an adult, Acyclovir or its structural analogues are prescribed. However, in relation to type 6, they are ineffective. Additionally, the doctor may recommend the use of antiseptics for local use, for example, Miramistin or Chlorhexidine.
For exacerbated infections caused by type 6 herpes, antipyretics are recommended. These drugs have antipyretic and analgesic effects. As a result of the application, the patient's well-being improves significantly: muscle pain disappears, the temperature drops, and chills go away.
Also, with nasal congestion, sneezing and sverbenia, antihistamine and vasoconstrictive sprays or drops are recommended: Nazivin, Vibrocil, Snoop. For the early suppression of the active stage of a viral infection, sea water based medications are used: Dolphin, Aqualor, Rinostop.
The expressed rashes at herpes the 6th type usually is not present. Often they occur when a child’s body is affected by a subtype B. There is usually no local medicine.
Use of immunoglobulins
In order to increase the body's resistance, in some cases, immunoglobulins are used. When attacking the herpes virus type 6, Gerpimun-6 is recognized as effective. It is prescribed for intramuscular administration.
The drug is represented by the active protein fraction, which was obtained from plasma and human serum. As a result of the application, the resistance of the organism increases, the number of antibodies that neutralize the antigen increases. The main indication for the use of the drug is a complication of the disease: lesions of the nervous system, convulsions, chronic fatigue or rash. These states suggest that the body cannot cope on its own, it needs help.
As a result of using immunoglobulin, body temperature may rise in the first 24 hours, however, the indicators will not reach critical limits. Also at the injection site, redness is sometimes noted, which passes on its own.
Summing up, we can say that the main goal in detecting a pathogen in the body is to prevent its activation. To do this, follow certain rules:
- strengthen the body by hardening,
- adhere to the daily regimen, sleep at least 7 hours a day,
- lead an active lifestyle, play sports in the absence of contraindications,
- adhere to the correct diet, consume large amounts of seasonal fruits and vegetables, remove fatty foods from your menu,
- eliminate bad habits, do not smoke and minimize the consumption of alcoholic beverages,
- Do not take their own medicines, especially antibiotics.
At the first signs of indisposition (at the initial infection or during an exacerbation) it is necessary to seek medical help. It is impossible to recognize the 6th type of herpetic infection, and infection for each person is inevitable, since even in the latent stage, the infection is excreted from the body with saliva.