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Preparing a man for IVF


Nowadays, it is far from all couples who conceive a child in a natural way. That is why the IVF procedure today is so popular. However, its success directly depends on how responsibly both spouses will be in preparing for IVF. From this article, you will learn how to behave your future father during this period.

Important points

First of all, a man will have to undergo the necessary examinations. These include:

  • Swabs on the flora.
  • Spermogram
  • Karyotyping
  • Analysis for the presence of genital herpes.
  • Examination for mycoplasmosis, chlamydia, ureaplasmosis.
  • Morphology.
  • Examination of the urologist.
  • HIV screening.
  • Check for antisperm antibodies.
  • Tests for RW, HbsAg antigens and hepatitis C.

Depending on the general state of health, the doctor may prescribe other studies. Before deciding to conduct the described procedure, a man should carefully study everything about IVF. Preparation should begin three months before the manipulation.

The future father will have to give up alcohol and cigarettes, as well as other potent substances. You can not get involved in excessive physical exertion, as they reduce the ability to fertilize. In addition, you should abandon masturbation. Abstinence will certainly increase the number of active sperm needed to fertilize an egg, if it is not too long.

During the preparation for IVF, a man should refuse to visit baths and saunas, as well as taking hot baths. Overheating adversely affects the quality of sperm. Therefore, even wearing warm pants and pants is recommended only in case of emergency. In addition, wearing too tight jeans should be avoided. Such clothes injure the groin area and significantly harm the future conception. A man who is preparing to undergo an IVF procedure must be protected from the effects of various radiations, as well as chemicals. In addition, you need to normalize the diet in such a way as to enrich your body with vitamins.

What is IVF?

In order for the IVF procedure to give positive results, it would not be superfluous to understand what this procedure is, how it is carried out. IVF is a method of artificial insemination. Often this is the last hope to acquire offspring, today it is appointed for various violations. It lies in the fact that an egg taken from a woman is fertilized in the laboratory. After a few days, the embryo is transferred to the uterus of a woman, and with good luck, pregnancy begins.

The procedure can not give one hundred percent guarantee, but the performance is high.

In order for the IVF procedure to bring the expected results, it is necessary to conduct preliminary studies and pass tests for IVF for both women and men. The result is determined by the general condition of the body, the ability to get pregnant.

A thorough examination is necessary for a woman, but a lot depends on a man. A specialist prescribes a man a series of tests, including semen. This makes it possible to find out how active the sperm are, what is their ability to fertilize. It also requires a long preparation, which includes a number of measures. This is the optimization of the diet, physical exertion, the rejection of alcohol. It is required to abandon cramped underwear, since it is for men that it has a negative effect on the production of viable spermatozoa.

It is necessary to comply with the recommendations within 3 months, since it takes about 70 days to develop spermatozoa. Temporary abstinence for a certain time is also useful, but too long will only be harmful for the production of sperm.

Required tests for men and women before IVF

To prepare for IVF, it is necessary to pass numerous tests, they are specific to men and women. They all help to accurately determine the level of health, if there are any obstacles to fertilization, such studies will show them immediately.

Women are assigned the following tests:

  • smears on flora (including for the determination of fungi),
  • general urine analysis
  • bacteriological seeding, which is taken from the cervical canal,
  • clinical blood test,
  • blood biochemistry, which includes tests for cholesterol, urea, protein, creatinine, electrolytes (chlorine, sodium, potassium),
  • hemostasiogram,
  • RW blood,
  • Hepatitis tests (B, C)
  • HbsAg
  • blood for HIV
  • smear on oncocytology,
  • rubella, genital herpes,
  • a study on chlamydia, mycoplasma, ureaplasmosis,
  • necessarily study of hormonal levels.

An examination is also carried out by a therapist, an ultrasound examination, mammography, colposcopy, endometrial biopsy, a test for karyotype, etc. are performed.

The preparation of men is not so difficult. But there are a number of studies that need to be done in order for the result to give the expected effect. The tests for IVF are as follows:

  • swabs on the flora,
  • blood for hepatitis C,
  • blood on RW,
  • HbsAg antigen analysis
  • HIV tests (performed on type 1-2 antibodies),
  • checking for genital herpes,
  • karyotyping,
  • examination for mycoplasmosis, chlamydia, ureaplasmosis,
  • Mandatory consultation with a urologist,
  • morphology,
  • delivery of semen
  • check for antisperm antibodies.

In addition, you may need other studies, but it all depends on your overall health, on individual requirements. The IVF procedure is an individual, before it is carried out a thorough preparation, the doctor prescribes additional research, focusing on the results obtained.

Does a man need training?

Should a man be prepared before the IVF procedure? Of course, the level of training cannot be compared with the one that a woman is undergoing, but certain actions need to be taken. At the same time, it is necessary to start about 3 months before the planned IVF, since the spermatozoa will mature approximately 65-70 days, and for this it is necessary to completely eliminate all negative factors.

The preparation of the man is as follows:

  1. Complete elimination of alcohol, smoking, other potent substances. Such substances extremely negatively affect the male reproductive system, reduce the number of healthy active sperm.
  2. It is not recommended to get too carried away with various physical activities, including sports, since the fertilizing functions of sperm are greatly reduced.
  3. Preparation of men for IVF includes the rejection of masturbation, not very long abstinence will only benefit to increase the amount of fertilizing sperm.

It is not recommended to perform such actions during preparation:

  1. Too long abstinence leads to the formation of so-called over-ripe sperm, which are simply not suitable for fertilization.
  2. We must refrain from saunas, baths, too hot baths and other procedures. High temperatures adversely affect the activity of the testicles, the ability to fertilize. Warm pants, trousers, etc., are worn only when necessary (for example, in winter). Special procedures that lead to an increase in temperature should also be temporarily excluded.
  3. We must refrain from wearing tight clothes, such as jeans. Such garments injure the groin area, are quite harmful for the future conception.
  4. It is necessary to avoid exposure to substances such as varnishes, paints, various radiation, including electromagnetic, ionizing and other.

Diseases such as herpes, gonorrhea, cytomegalovirus, chlamydia, syphilis, trichomoniasis can be an obstacle to conception. Such diseases are hidden, that is, they do not appear outwardly, which is why it is important to undergo the necessary examination, to pass all tests that are recommended by the attending and supervising doctor before IVF.

The IVF procedure is an alternative way of conception, when under normal conditions it does not produce results. Performing this procedure requires special attention from the woman, but men must also prepare. This will positively affect the activity of sperm, the possibility of fertilization, will make the possibility of conception as close as possible to 100%. This concerns not only testing, examination, but also optimization of lifestyle, elimination of alcohol, smoking, normalization of nutrition, level of physical exertion.

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Every man is required to know the basic rules of preparation for artificial insemination. In the presence of chronic diseases, it is recommended to consult with an experienced doctor, be examined and tested. Based on the results obtained, the therapist will be able to understand how to maintain good health throughout the critical phase.

How to prepare for eco man:

  1. A man should lead an active lifestyle, remembering the need for moderate physical exertion. Exhausting workouts in the gym - this is not the most suitable option,
  2. at a time when you need to prepare for an eco man, it is best to eliminate the risk of developing a respiratory viral infection. Enhancing immunity is one of the main tasks for the future father,
  3. In many situations, pre-eco vitamins are prescribed for men. Despite this fact, the abuse of dietary supplements and vitamin complexes is not desirable.

Weight must meet the physiological norm. The ideal option is to comply with proper nutrition with the obligatory exception of fatty, fried foods, easily digestible carbohydrates. A diet involving a large amount of vitamins and trace elements is the best option. It is recommended to limit the amount of salt consumed.

In the presence of chronic diseases, it is recommended to consult with an experienced doctor, be examined and tested. Based on the results obtained, the therapist will be able to understand how to maintain good health throughout the critical phase.

Obligatory observance of all the above recommendations is a guarantee of the success of artificial insemination by a woman on the part of a man.

Rules of success

Despite the fact that eco for men only requires delivery of high-quality sperm, you should know the basis of effective preparation for the upcoming procedure.

The effectiveness of training is achieved by complying with the rules:

  • avoiding alcohol, smoking and other bad habits. Potent substances have a negative effect on the reproductive system, as a result of which the number of healthy and active spermatozoa decreases,
  • It is best to abandon excessive physical exertion. Exhausting workouts lead to a strong decrease in sperm function,
  • guys should stop wearing tight jeans or pants. Such things injure the groin area and do not allow to increase the chances of a woman to conceive,
  • Experts advise to refrain from visiting the sauna, bath, hot baths and other unwanted procedures. High temperatures have a negative effect on testicular activity and reduce the chances of fertilization.

During training, you should abandon sex and masturbation. Such abstinence, which will not last long, will contribute to the appearance of a greater number of fertilizing sperm. However, if abstinence is very long, over-ripe spermatozoa will appear in the sperm, which will not be suitable for fertilization.

Mandatory eco-preparation for men begins immediately after consultation with a specialist who is ready to provide valuable advice and important answers to existing questions.


Mandatory requirement - abstinence in front of eco men. When maintaining an intimate life, a special schedule, drawn up during the interaction with a specialist, is temporarily required.

Before delivery of sperm with the presence of genetic material for further artificial insemination, a man undergoes special diagnostic measures. A few days of sexual calm is recommended before the examination.

Diagnosis begins with an on-site visit to a specialist to collect an anamnesis of chronic diseases and previous operations. A man must pass an electrocardiogram, tests for STIs, HIV, syphilis, hepatitis, blood biochemistry.

Sperm analysis is mandatory to determine the following indicators:

  1. the number of sperm contained
  2. sperm motility
  3. the amount of sperm that is released at a time,
  4. viscosity,
  5. features of acid-base environment
  6. Colour,
  7. the content of other cells and pathogens.

If the results differ from the norm, the man needs to re-take a blood test for hormones.
Another dangerous aspect is the detection of defects in the Y chromosome or the innate absence of vas deferens. Such deviations cause an increased risk of genetic defects and the development of cystic fibrosis in a child's woman.

All men before eco are recommended to carry out diagnostic activities and mandatory testing, since this largely depends on how reliable the results obtained during diagnostic activities will be. In addition, a man should understand how high the risks of deviations turn out to be in a baby, and how much conception becomes possible in a woman.

Waiver of intimate relationships and masturbation

A mandatory requirement is abstinence before the procedure of artificial insemination. Duration is determined individually, taking into account the peculiarities of the situation.

How many days of abstinence before eco? From the sexual activity depends on how high-quality and complete sperm will be obtained during the second stage of artificial insemination. The collection of donor material requires the use of motile and strong sperm. Abstinence is recommended for 3 - 4 days. The maximum period should not exceed a week, because otherwise the abandonment of intimate relationships leads to the appearance of overripe sperm.

Why is preparation important?

Unfortunately, not all married couples are able to conceive a child and are forced to resort to the services of specialists in the field of reproduction. The inability to become parents without the participation of doctors may be due to both problems on the part of the woman and her partner. One of the most popular and effective assisted reproductive technologies is in vitro fertilization, in which a previously prepared embryo is placed directly into the uterine cavity of a woman, where its further development takes place.

Before you conduct IVF, both partners must undergo a comprehensive examination and pass a series of special tests. Properly conducted training of both spouses is the key to a successful conception. Both men and women, a few months before the manipulation, it is recommended to start a correct lifestyle, eat a balanced diet, not expose themselves to greater physical exertion, and also completely abandon alcohol and cigarettes.

In vitro fertilization

In vitro fertilization today is a fairly common, and at the same time very effective method of artificial conception. For many, IVF is the last hope to experience the joy of motherhood and become parents. The need for IVF may be due to various indications from both male and female health. During the manipulation, the oocyte obtained from the patient's body merges with the sperm cell in laboratory conditions and is in a special environment until it is transferred to the uterus of the expectant mother.

In order for the procedure to succeed in the form of a long-awaited pregnancy, the couple must pass a series of tests, and their list is different for each of the partners. Based on the results obtained, the attending physician decides how high the couple’s chances of conceiving and carrying out the baby. The focus of the preparation period is given to the woman, however, a lot depends on the health of her partner.

A man is assigned a series of examinations and tests, the main of which is spermogram. This analysis allows you to identify the ability of sperm to fertilize, the degree of their activity and some other indicators that may affect the result. In addition, the fertility doctor gives the man some recommendations, for example, the rejection of uncomfortable and synthetic underwear, overheating, excessive physical exertion and alcohol consumption. All these factors can significantly reduce the capacity of sperm.

Important! The correct lifestyle is best maintained for 90 days before IVF. This will be explained by the fact that new sperm cells are formed in the male body approximately every 2-2.5 months.

Analyzes for men before IVF

Подготовительный период перед ЭКО у мужчины намного проще, чем у его партнерши, однако он включает в себя сдачу обязательных анализов:

  • спермограмма,
  • кровь на резус-фактор и гепатит С,
  • мазок на флору,
  • анализы на ВИЧ и наличие антител,
  • анализ на вирус герпеса,
  • analysis for ureaplasmosis, chlamydia, mycoplasmosis,
  • Consultation urologist,
  • morphological studies.

In some cases, the partner is prescribed a number of special studies, the list of which depends on the state of his health and individual factors.

Why would a man prepare for IVF

It would seem that only a woman should prepare her body for extracorporal fertilization, since it is in her body that the child will grow and develop. However, the state of the male reproductive system is also extremely important. Preparatory activities for a partner are much easier than for a woman, but a number of measures are still needed.

IVF Preparation should begin no later than 90 days before the planned day of conception, in order to exclude completely all possible negative factors:

  1. A man whose sperm will be used in the IVF process should not drink alcohol, smoke or take any potent drugs. All these factors are detrimental to the ability of sperm to fertilize.
  2. You can’t overly indulge in hard sports, since heavy physical exertion on the male body also significantly reduces the chances of success.
  3. It is necessary to periodically refrain from having sex and masturbation, as this will help increase the volume of sperm and the number of spermatozoids contained in it.

Before the procedure of in vitro fertilization, a man is strictly prohibited:

  1. Visit the baths, saunas and take too hot baths. The same applies to wearing too tight and uncomfortable underwear and tight pants. Increasing temperatures is extremely negative for male reproduction.
  2. Do not refrain from having sex for too long a period, because in this case, the sperm cells can over-ripen, and new ones do not form.
  3. Avoid as much as possible inhalation of such harmful substances as paints or varnishes, keep away from sources of radiation, ionizers.

Important! Laboratory tests, which are assigned to a man before IVF, make it possible to detect the presence of such diseases as syphilis, herpes, trichomoniasis, the course of which may be completely unnoticeable.

In order for an assisted reproductive technology such as IVF to produce the desired result, careful preparation is required for both women and men. In the process of preparing a man is given the opportunity to improve the quality of sperm, the number of active sperm and maximize the likelihood of pregnancy. In this case, an important role is played not only by passing tests, but also by daily compliance with all the doctor’s recommendations.

In order to receive an appointment at our reproductology department, you can call us by phone or fill out a form on our website. Our experts have been successfully solving the problems of infertility for more than a year, giving the opportunity to childless couples to become happy parents. Our department is equipped with a laboratory equipped according to the rules of international health standards, and for each of our clients we find our own individual approach.

Vitamins before IVF

Proper nutrition is one of the ways to improve a man’s well-being and improve the quality of his seminal fluid. An important role is played by vitamins. Their deficiency adversely affects the function of various organs and systems, including reproductive function.

Many men are interested in what vitamins before IVF should be taken. In the diet should increase the concentration of vitamins B6, B9 (folic acid), B12, PP, E, D, C.

B vitamins are prescribed before IVF to ensure normal spermatogenesis. Folic acid is used in the form of tablets, which is involved in the processes of protein synthesis, DNA, RNA.

Vitamin D before IVF is needed to stabilize the processes of absorption of calcium and phosphorus. Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and tocopherol (vitamin E) act as antioxidants. They inhibit lipid peroxidation, contribute to the normalization of metabolism.

Preparing a man for IVF is important for the ultimate success of the procedure. If there are any abnormalities in the spermogram, VitroKlinik specialists will select an individual program for the stimulation of spermatogenesis. It will allow the man to prepare the body for IVF, increasing the quality of its seminal fluid.

General analyzes for spouses

The first step to IVF for the couple is to visit a reproductive doctor.

An experienced specialist will send both spouses for a comprehensive examination before proceeding with the treatment of infertility.

No one will argue that this stage is more laborious and time consuming for a woman than for a man. To understand this, it is enough to look at the list of tests required for the tests, which the beautiful half will have almost twice as long. However, this does not imply the importance of conducting a detailed survey for a man. Indeed, very much also depends on the state of men's health. And this, not to mention the fact that today more and more families are faced precisely with the male factor of infertility.

Therefore, before proceeding to the selection of the most optimal treatment strategy, it is necessary to assess the state of health of both potential parents.

Highly qualified specialists of the Next Generation Clinic, who have been successfully fighting infertility for 20 years, adhere to such tactics.

So, what kind of tests will have to pass a man who, together with his second half, plans to resort to IVF?

At first, both partners pass the same tests. So, doctors need to find out the blood type and rhesus factor of patients. Even on the condition that both partners already have this data in their hands at the time of going to the clinic. They are so important that they will still be rechecked.

When preparing for IVF, a man must pass the following mandatory tests:

  • for HIV
  • for hepatitis B and C,
  • a blood test for the detection of antibodies to pallid treponema, which is the causative agent of syphilis,
  • for a whole group of viruses and hidden infections: herpes, rubella, cytomegalovirus, chlamydia, candidiasis, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis and others. At the same time, it is important that the infection test be performed by PCR method,

After passing these tests, each spouse will have to undergo their individual examinations. For a man, this will be an ejaculate fertility test (spermogram).

Mandatory analyzes for men in IVF

After the general tests behind the man are waiting for tests, the purpose of which will be to exclude the male factor of infertility, as well as assess the quality of the ejaculate. To achieve this, a man is prescribed the following tests:

Is a way to quality assessment of male sperm. It helps to determine indicators such as sperm count, their mobility, and so on. An important point of this analysis in the framework of IVF becomes training to him a man. 3-4 days before the test, sexual abstinence is necessary. When collecting material for analysis, it should be ensured that all the material falls into the container, otherwise the result of the study will be biased.

  • Test for strict morphology by Kruger

It is a more in-depth assessment of the quality of sperm. This test shows their ability to penetrate the egg. Since in the process of fertilization, an important role is played, including external signs, that is, morphology. A certain amount of abnormal sperm is in the sperm of any man, but their content should not prevail over the others.

  • MAR test is prescribed for suspected immune forms of male infertility.

What does he show?

Sometimes a man's body produces special complex proteins - antisperm bodies attacking sperm. This happens because of the failure of the immune system, which for some reason considered them to be someone else's cells.

For some reason, the male body begins to "attack" its own cells?

This results in a violation of the barrier between the blood vessels of the testicular canalicular tissue (hemato-testicular barrier).

The cause of this violation may be genital trauma, surgery and infectious diseases of the genitourinary system.

When preparing for spermogram with a diagnostic purpose, as well as a man who gives this analysis in the framework of the IVF program, you should refrain from sexual intercourse for 3-4 days.

Please note that when passing the analysis, it is necessary to check that the entire volume of the material passed into the container for collecting the material.

If in the process of testing for IVF a deviation from the norm is found in a man, then he will need to undergo a program before continuing consultation of the urologist-andrologist.

Preparatory period IVF

The stage of testing in modern clinics is a process that has long been worked out and you can even say routine. Spouses, faced with the problem of conception, can easily be examined for the correct diagnosis, to decide on the question of treatment using assisted reproductive technologies.

A very important and long stage of preparation is the change of lifestyle of the spouses. So, several months (3-4 months) before the IVF procedure. the couple tries to adhere to the principles of a healthy lifestyle (quitting smoking, drinking alcohol, limiting occupational hazards, adhering to the principles of healthy eating, rational work and rest).

In preparation for the upcoming procedure of in vitro fertilization, the mental attitude and ability to support one’s partner is important. Try to avoid disagreements, stresses, surround each other with love and care.

Tune in to success - this is the main task of the couple, which is preparing for IVF.

Does a man need to prepare for IVF

Many for some reason believe that the health of the unborn child depends solely on the lifestyle of the mother, and the physical condition of the father has nothing to do with it. It is not true. And although the representative of the stronger sex is required only to deliver quality sperm, he is also obliged to go through a rich preparatory period before such a procedure.

Read on which rules should be followed, read below. And remember: the guarantee of successful completion of IVF depends on the rigor and accuracy of compliance with all the recommendations listed below.

How is the preparatory period?

When preparing for artificial insemination, a man must adhere to the following norms:

  1. To maintain physical fitness, the future father must play sports. The ideal option would be morning jogging or charging. However, exhausting hours-long workouts will have to be abandoned - the constant dynamics of muscles and fatigue reduce the functionality of the ejaculate.
  2. Spend more time in the fresh air - it has not prevented anyone.
  3. Include in the daily diet more fruits and vegetables, avoid hypothermia and stress - in a word, in every way support the immune system. Any respiratory disease can be decisive in the life of an unborn baby. It is also useful to take vitamin preparations, but it is forbidden to abuse these or any other supplements!

In the event that a man suffers from overweight, it is necessary to exclude from the diet:

  • fatty foods
  • fried foods
  • salty foods
  • carbohydrate-rich foods,
  • coffee, strong black tea, chocolate, soda and energy drinks, as the caffeine or soda contained in these products reduces the concentration of motile gametes in semen,
  • beer - due to the high level of phytoestrogens in its composition, it can degrade the quality of sperm.

The fatty layer in the representatives of the stronger sex produces female hormones called estrogens. They inhibit the formation of male hormones.

Requires a complete rejection of bad habits: alcohol, smoking, inhalation of toxic fumes, drugs. The concentration of healthy spermatozoa when receiving toxic substances decreases sharply.

  1. Avoid exposure to high temperatures, as they negatively affect testicular function. This means that at the time of preparation for IVF it is desirable to refuse to visit the baths and saunas or take hot baths.
  2. Tight jeans can injure the groin area, so they need to be replaced with larger pants. And in general, it is worth avoiding any overheating of the male body, in particular - the genitals.
  3. Do not work in conditions harmful to health, for example, in a place where the air is saturated with chemical toxins.
  4. Do not be nervous: frequent stress is the most common cause of the development of diseases of various kinds.
  5. Live an active sex life or masturbate in preparations for fertilization is impossible. Read more about this below.

All these recommendations are appointed by a specialist immediately after consultation and passing the necessary tests.