Fungal infections manifest in children and adults as itching, peeling, and blemishes. Ringworm on a child’s head is a highly contagious infection, often affecting children under 15 years of age. Treatment is the use of antifungal drugs that reduce the spread of the fungus. The danger of depriving the head is hair loss and scarring. It is necessary to quickly establish the species of the causative agent of the disease and to begin adequate treatment.
A variety of manifestations of fungal infection
Deprive on the head cause ascomycetes belonging to a separate kingdom of nature - Fungi, (Mycota, Mushrooms). The Arthroderm family unites the genera Epidermophyton, Microsporum and Trichophyton. Ringworm on a child's head is trichophytosis and microsporia. Parasitic species feed on keratin in the composition of epidermal cells, hair, nails of humans and animals.
Pityrosporum and Malassezia fungi cause another form of lichen, scaly or multi-colored. They become the cause of seborrheic dermatitis. In this case, the fungi process the secret of the sebaceous glands and are located in the places of their greatest accumulation on the head and torso. Negative immune and hormonal changes increase the symptoms of lichen.
What looks like a shingles on a child's head:
- Spots in the form of a ring resembling a red bezel around the pink core, as on thematic photos. Without treatment, the area of infection increases, peeling increases, the formation of bubbles and crusts.
- For trichophytia characterized by the presence in the area of spots of black patches - short broken hair at a height of 3 mm.
- Microsporia - versicolor, in which the height of broken hair is 6 mm.
- Pityriasis versicolor on the face rarely appear, foci in the form of small red-brown spots appear on the neck, chest, shoulders and back. After sun spots are light.
- Seborrheic dermatitis is manifested by desquamation, intense itching, and the appearance of red crusts on the head. The skin behind the ears, around the eyebrows and eyelashes is affected.
Lichen is transmitted through direct contact with the skin of an infected person. The causative agents of ringworm persist on objects and surfaces touched by sick people or animals. Children often become infected from cats and dogs.
Factors contributing to defeat deprive:
- endocrine diseases
- antibiotic treatment
- reduced immunity
- chronic infections
- allergic reactions
- gastrointestinal tract diseases
- poor hygiene
The success of treatment depends largely on the number and size of foci of infection. A small patch of lichen on the head fades and decreases after 5–6 days with regular application of an antifungal solution or cream.
The microsporum rusty parasitizes the scalp and hair, and has versicolor in children aged 5–14 years. The emergence of a sick child in the team leads to the fact that the outbreak of ringworm begins. Infection of children occurs as a result of direct contact, through objects, things, toys infected with fungus. The duration of the incubation period reaches 8 weeks.
Symptoms of lichen on the head caused by a rusty microsporum:
- affected skin under hair or smooth skin,
- small dots merge into scaly pinkish-red patches,
- hair in the area of the spot on the head is broken off, some remain,
- the fungus spreads to healthy areas of the skin beyond the hairline.
Signs of suppurative varieties of lichen in the hair on the head of a child:
- pathogens - dog and cat microsporums,
- there are large lichen spots that have a round or oval shape,
- the affected hair on the head is broken off at a height of up to 8 mm and surrounded by spores of the fungus,
- the skin is covered with gray scales and crusts,
- fever, inflammation of the lymph nodes.
Lichen smooth skin looks like red patches of the correct round or oval shape. The edges are clearly delineated and raised in the form of a roller. Healing begins from the center, so the stain depriving is like a ring. The study of foci under the lamp of Wood, as well as microscopic examination, with all forms of microsporia.
This type of lichen on the head affects the skin and hair. More often, children from 4 to 15 years old are ill, less often - babies. Spots have no clear boundaries, do not unite, reach 4 cm in diameter. Hair in the focus of infection is broken off at the very base. This type of lichen is usually cured independently after the end of puberty.
What is the surface form of hair depriving a child:
- annular spots on the head,
- the affected area is peeling off
- bubbles and crusts appear,
- light area in the center of the spot,
- broken hair looks like black dots.
- foci spread throughout the scalp.
Deep trichophytosis is manifested by the accumulation of follicles that suppurate. The affected area resembles a honeycomb. Hair falls out on the head, there is a smell of mold. The products of the metabolism of fungi enter the bloodstream, cause intoxication and allergic reactions.
Principles of treatment of lichen on the head at home
Therapy provides measures for influencing the infection and healing the child’s body. Before you treat a zoster on the head of a child, you should visit a dermatologist. The specialist will determine the species of the causative agent of the disease and prescribe drugs to which it is sensitive. As a rule, for the treatment of lichen in children preference is given to antifungal agents of local action.
- Shaving hair in the lesion on the head of a child - a nutrient medium for pathogens depriving.
- Applying on stains depriving tincture of iodine 5% in the morning, ointment or cream with antifungal action - in the evening.
- The use of compresses with an antiseptic solution with increased inflammation.
In severe cases, doctors prescribe antifungal drugs inside. Symptomatic treatment of depriving on the head will be required in order to quickly relieve the child from itching. It is necessary to help the endocrine system, immunity to resist the pathogens of ringworms.
Preventing child deprivation - recommendations to parents:
- To wash your hair with antifungal shampoos.
- Consume more products containing vitamins, sulfur, zinc.
- Do not use other people's things, towels.
- Treat deprive at pets.
- Do not play with stray animals.
It is necessary to wash the clothes and headgear of the patient in hot water. Toys and household items should be disinfected.
They are used for ringworms, which include lichen on the head, medicines with antimycotic and anti-inflammatory effects. The first group includes imidazoles, triazoles, antifungal antibiotics, terbinafine, iodine alcohol tincture. Anti-inflammatory effect have hormonal drugs.
Active substances and trade names of drugs for the treatment of depriving on the head of a child, at what age can be used:
- bifonazol - solution, cream and powder "Bifosin", after 12 months (up to a year - only under the supervision of a physician),
- Clotrimazole - Triderm ointment and cream, from 2 years old,
- oxyconazole - cream "Mifungar", from 8 years old,
- ketoconazole - Nizoral, from 2 years.
- Antifungal antibiotic griseofulvin, from 2 years.
- Allamino derivative terbinafine - "Lamisil", (after 12 years).
- The triazole derivative of itraconazole - Itrazol (capsules, solutions for oral and intravenous injections).
Tablets "Griseofulvin" are used to treat ringworm on the head in babies after 2 years. Take the drug inside. Side effects include increasing the sensitivity of the skin to light, the appearance of headaches, indigestion, dizziness and weakness.
Terbinafine belongs to the chemical class of allylamines, suitable for oral administration and external use. A terbinafine-based cream or lamisil solution is applied to the patches depriving once or twice a day. The drugs are suitable for children over 12 years old.
Antifungal agents for external use
Ketoconazole - the active ingredient of shampoo for the head and cream for external use, tablets for oral administration. The entire line of products is called Nizoral. Clotrimazole has a wide spectrum of activity against fungal infections. Included in the large group of drugs used externally for ringworm. May cause burning and itching of the skin, rash.
Preparations with clotrimazole for the treatment of depriving on the head:
- cream "Akriderm GK" - a combined tool,
- cream and spray "Kanesten",
- cream and Triderm ointment,
- cream "Amiklon".
Bifonazole has a broad spectrum of antifungal activity. Pathogens susceptible to it are Trichophyton, Microsporum, Epidermophyton, Malassezia, Candida. In Russia, the drug is released "Bifosin" on the basis of bifonazola in the form of powder, ointment, solution and spray for external use. The active ingredient penetrates the skin, its high concentration lasts for 2-3 days.
Apply the ointment or solution "Bifosin" for applying to the spots depriving once a day. The product is lightly rubbed into the skin. The liquid form is better suited for exacerbation, exudation. Then put the cream, and at the final stage use powder. The treatment of microsporia lasts 2 weeks, scaly depriving - up to 1 month. It is necessary to continue to apply "Bifosin" after the disappearance of spots depriving 1-2 weeks for the prevention of relapses.
Possess antifungal and antiseptic properties of essential oils, birch tar and other natural substances. You can cure lichen on the head without medication - take advantage of popular recipes. Will help in the fight against fungi on the head garlic, apple cider vinegar, essential oils.
Folk remedies for depriving on the head:
- Squeeze the peeled garlic cloves to make a gruel.
- Add some baby cream.
- Apply the product to the skin areas affected by the fungus.
- Leave on for 5 minutes, then rinse with water.
- Repeat this procedure daily until complete deprivation.
Application of jojoba oil and lavender
- Add in 1 tsp. jojoba oil one drop of lavender oil.
- Apply the mixture with a cotton swab on the lichen.
- Repeat this procedure regularly to relieve itching and inflammation of the skin.
Add essential oils - tea tree, lavender, geranium or calendula - to shampoo or hair balm before washing your hair. Useful in everyday life and to combat depriving the child of the beneficial qualities of aloe vera. Juice leaves antifungal, moisturizing and anti-inflammatory effect. Aloe helps soothe the itching and remove redness of the skin.
What is deprive
The term “lichen” in a child is a collective term meaning fungal and viral disease. The classification includes several types of pathology, differing in their course, causes and manifestations arising from the outside. Deprive on the skin of a child is more common at the age of 14 years.
When the first unusual lesions appear, parents should contact a dermatologist, infectious disease specialist or pediatrician as soon as possible. This is due to the high degree of infectiousness of the disease. For this reason, sick children pose a great threat to people with whom they are in contact.
Viral and fungal versicolor requires timely start of treatment. Launched forms are difficult to treat, and it takes a lot of time. Deprive’s skin, depending on the variety, may resolve on its own. Some variants of the disease return with the same manifestations, while others become chronic.
The incidence rate increases significantly in the summer and autumn. During this period, specific signs appear and the treatment of depriving should be complex in order to eliminate manifestations in a short time.
The most favorable period for the development of the disease, according to Dr. Komarovsky, is a warm time when optimal conditions are created for the reproduction and spread of infection. Heat, moisture in the environment, increased perspiration contribute to increased permeability of the skin. This facilitates the breakthrough of the infection through the protective barrier. Symptoms of lichen in newborns and older children appear when the body’s defenses against pathogenic microorganisms are insufficient.
Of the total number of skin diseases, this disease is among the 10 most common. There are the following types of depriving a person:
Important! Each of these forms has its own causes, specific signs and treatment.
For correct diagnosis and prescription of treatment, you need to distinguish white lichen in the photo, pink from other skin diseases.
The disease, depending on the type of microorganism, is called differently microsporia, which is associated with the pathogen. It is a microsporum fungus that can affect hair, nails, skin and eyelashes. Microorganisms are dermatophytes due to the favorite habitat localization - the skin. Ringworm in children is more common than in adults. This is due to frequent contact with animals. Another type of lichen in humans is trichophytosis. It is caused by fungi of the genus Trichophytos.
Their body is most susceptible to infection due to the peculiarities of the skin structure, which is very thin at an early age and does not have a good protective coating. Due to insufficient development of the barrier, pathogenic microorganisms quickly penetrate the tissues and multiply in favorable conditions.
Causes of development
Fungi that cause baby lichen spread from animals. Depending on the source that infects the child, there are several forms of the disease - anthroponotic and zoonotic. In the first case, people are considered the primary cause of lichen hair, and in the second - animals.
The most likely way is homeless cats and dogs. It is transmitted lichen from sick people. Infection occurs when communicating with him or contact with common devices. Most often, intermediaries in the spread of the infection are towels, washcloths, bedding, dishes.
For the appearance of symptoms of ringworm, special conditions should be created to facilitate penetration. Further development is possible only if one or several factors are present:
- chronic foci of infection
- acute diseases
- weakened immunity
- damaged skin.
It manifests itself in several forms - superficial, chronic and infiltrative-suppurative. Each of these has its own incubation period and the specifics of the course. If an infiltrative-suppressive type of lesion develops, then it will take you only 2 months to remove the lichen.
The incubation period for the surface form is about 1 week. With infiltrative-suppurative microsporia, the process is delayed for 1-2 months. In the case of chronic disease, the dog and cat's deprive constantly manifests itself with insufficient treatment of the superficial form.
After the end of the incubation period, there are specific symptoms that allow you to understand the diagnosis:
- The spots on the skin are similar to lichen. Facilitate the diagnosis of white scales, which are located on the surface of these formations. The size of the spots is large or small.
- Deprive on the child's head looks like foci with a lack of hair. They do not fall out, but break off, which creates the impression of hemp in this place.
- Nails begin to exfoliate, become dull and gray. Their defeat is rare.
- Some spots are prone to draining. Such areas are very itchy.
- Inflammation is not characteristic unless a secondary infection is attached.
Lichen blemishes on the body look like blemishes that peel off and have a pink tint. The formation is considered bubbly, which is associated with the formation of a small vesicle in the center. Then it bursts, and this place is covered with a crust. To determine whether it is possible to spot it on the spot, surrounded by a roller, having a bright red color and with elevation above the skin.
Not rarely on the back, face, limbs, on the neck, additional formations of smaller diameter appear. This feature is called the “ring in the ring”. To have a complete picture of the disease, you need to know how the person has a photo on the photo.
When the microspores penetrate the layers of the skin of the scalp, hairs of various sizes are formed, but with clear edges. If this is cat's versicolor or is transmitted from a dog, then the areas will look large - up to 10 cm in diameter. When the fungi get after contact with a sick person, the lesions look much smaller in size. In the photo depriving a child when viewed from the inspection clearly visible hairline and small hemp with dull broken hair.
The disease is also the second name - deprive him of Gibert. It belongs to the group of viral infections, in which hypothermia or allergy is considered the main factor for development. Most common in children under 12 years.
Начальная стадия предполагает наличие на кожных покровах живота и конечностей красных пятен. Форма их чаще всего овальная. The first elements are called maternal plaques. In rare cases, parents notice a deterioration in general well-being before the appearance of rashes. After 1-2 days, the red areas begin to peel off. Then a few more days appear versicolor on the body, face, chest. New areas affected by the fungus look smaller.
Most often, the elements appear in the skin folds, which is considered the most common localization. As the scales form, the center of the spots becomes yellow, and the edging acquires a red tint. Due to this type of elements are called medallions.
In some cases, instead of red spots on the neck or other part of the body bubbles form. Full recovery occurs in 2 months. The disease is transmitted by contact from cat to man or spreads between people. For this reason, it requires isolation of patients for the entire period of the disease.
The disease is caused by the herpes virus. To him inclined children aged after 12 years. Symptoms of shingles appear; only those who have had chickenpox have appeared. The virus type 3 from this point on life is in the body. The appearance of the disease contributes to a number of predisposing factors:
- often ill children
- with oncology,
- in the presence of chronic diseases
As soon as the immune defense becomes insufficient, the herpes virus, which is in a dormant state, begins to actively manifest itself.
Recognize herpes zoster in children can not immediately. Often there are elements on the leg, body. The following signs are characteristic:
- Increased body temperature.
- Swollen lymph nodes.
- Burning, showing, or itching in areas where rashes appear.
- Decreased appetite.
At the beginning of its development may appear the first signs in the form of SARS. Lichen versicolor after 1-2 days of nonspecific symptoms begins to actively manifest itself. In the course of the nerves (intercostal spaces become a frequent site of localization of lesions) pink blisters appear. Gradually, they merge. In a week, the elements dry up and the surface becomes covered with crusts.
Knowing everything about lichen, parents should exclude the possibility of combing the elements on the skin of the child. At an older age, he needs to explain this. The presence of an open wound in the infant when combing will result in a secondary infection. Against the background of reduced immunity, it will begin to actively proliferate, which will end with the addition of concomitant pathology.
The form presented is not common in childhood. Its etiology is diverse and in some cases, it is not possible to determine the source. Causes and treatment are closely related. Medicines are prescribed after determining the factor that provoked the development of the disease. The etiology of lichen planus consists of the following options:
- genetic predisposition
- drug intoxication,
- autoimmune factors
- allergic lichen,
- neurogenic form
- viral infection.
There are several forms with the flow - acute, subacute and chronic.
The onset of the disease in each child proceeds differently. Flat pink lichen appears after 7-10 days against the background of general malaise, weakness and loss of appetite in the form of a rash. For other patients, this form of disease development is not typical and specific elements appear without disturbing their well-being.
Allocate the most favorite places for erythema lichen eruption:
- on the fingers,
- in the lumbar region,
- on the pope
- elbow bends,
- on the feet,
- axillary fossa.
Deprivation on the head often does not appear, which becomes one of the main distinguishing features. The rash is a papule that does not have an inside cavity. They have in the center of their elements umbilicate impression and polygonal shape.
Color lichen is a disease that does not have an infectious nature. The main reason is considered microorganisms, which are represented in the body by conditionally pathogenic flora. The versicolor versicolor is characterized by spots that have brown and yellow hues. Only the stratum corneum is affected.
Important! The disease does not belong to infectious forms in contrast to the above.
For children, treatment and prevention of relapse is important. Complications after illness does not occur. Many parents begin therapy for their children for aesthetic reasons. The cause is noticeable blemishes on the skin that spoil its appearance. Therefore, to treat at home patients with this form is not prohibited.
The following factors create favorable conditions for the reproduction of microorganisms:
- Intense physical exertion.
- Increased sweating.
- High ambient temperature.
- Wearing warm clothes.
- Taking antipyretic pills.
Rash most often appear on the stomach, back, torso. Rarely, children are found with localized scaly peeling on the face in the cheek area, under the eyes, on the scalp. In addition to the appearance of scales may not worry a strong itch.
Before starting treatment for a child, a pathogen is identified in the child against which the therapy will be directed. For this analysis is performed. Perform in the laboratory scraping on the ringworm from the skin area affected by the elements. After confirmation of the diagnosis, monolay drugs are prescribed depending on the type of the disease.
Cutting Form Treatment
Children's dermatologist prescribed drugs for local treatment of the affected areas and oral administration. Parents should know what to treat versicolor and follow all recommendations to prevent recurrence of the disease. It includes:
- Preparations for local application.
- Forms for oral administration.
- Auxiliary therapy.
- Means of traditional medicine.
The deprive ointment for children is applied only after 2 years of the child's life. Effectively used "Mikoseptin", "Clotrimazole", "Ketoconazole." It is recommended to smear the affected skin with salicylic ointment, sulfur tar and sulfur ointment for depriving. In a pharmacy with a prescription for some children, special medicines are made - Vidal milk and Lassar paste. Treat spots with iodine and salicylic acid.
Knowing how it looks versicolor in children with timely treatment is often enough local therapy. When running forms in the scheme include system tools. To do this, use pills for depriving. Effective is "Griseofulvin." The dosage is prescribed depending on the age and severity of the course.
In case of mild course, it is important to be able to distinguish deprive of it from dermatitis. To understand the diagnosis of the child, additional research is being conducted to determine the exact cause of the rash.
Pink lichen treatment
It is necessary to begin to treat pink deprive with drugs of the following groups:
- Antihistamines ("Suprastin").
- Antibiotics ("Erythromycin").
- Systemic interferons ("Ridostin").
- Systemic glucocorticoids ("Prednisolone").
Pink lichen ointment is applied only after a doctor's prescription. When the first rash appears, it is not recommended to start treating the child yourself. Appointed zinc ointment for the treatment of stains and ointment Vishnevsky and water-zinc talker. Antihistamines are required. In the amount of 3-5 injections, calcium gluconate is used.
The duration of therapy depends on the severity. The effectiveness of depriving remedies is judged by the positive dynamics of the state and the reverse development of the rash. Physiotherapy is applied. PUVA therapy is aimed at slowing the proliferation of cells in the spots. Deprive a baby is treated in this way for no more than 10 sessions.
If a child has a moist face, then topical corticosteroids are included. Such patients are required to establish an individual dose of antihistamine drugs. This is due to a possible allergic reaction to hormones. Lichen can be treated with retinol-based drugs that eliminate the sensation of itching.
Antifungal ointment in this case will not be effective. A means to fight viruses is "Acyclovir". The course of treatment of shingles is 10 days. With the appearance of pain, Ibuprofen is applied. If it is not possible to cure the lichen and a secondary infection joins, then antibiotics are necessary. Locally used Levomekol ointment.
Antiseptics are used as needed during the treatment of shingles. An effective ointment with the anti-inflammatory action "Sanaflan" will help to cope with itching. It is important to remember that washing with shingles is not recommended, but depending on the severity of the condition, the doctor may recommend hygienic procedures.
Treatment of the color variant of the disease
Deprive on your arm, leg, face, or torso is treated comprehensively. In open areas, spots appear that become visible to others. The affected areas are treated with antiseptics. Antifungal depriving ointment on the skin is applied. Clotrimazole is considered the most effective. Antifungal action has a hole ointment, which will help get rid of depriving. Salicylic ointment is used as an agent with anti-inflammatory effect.
How does deprive on the head of a child?
Deprive is a fungal or viral infection (a skin disorder). Deprive on the head in children appears as a pink spot of various sizes and shapes. In the beginning it is one, but it can grow and take a clearer outline. Itching occurs if the disease is caused by a virus. The first symptoms can be detected a few days or hours after contact with the source. Over time, the spots become larger, they increase in size and merge with larger foci. Scratching occurs when scratching.
Most of the diseases fall in the summer and autumn. Since the versicolor is quite contagious, it is easily transmitted from an adult or pet (cats, dogs). Children with a good immune system will get this disease much harder.
To diagnose depriving the scalp, you need to see a specialist: pediatric dermatologist, mycologist, infectious diseases specialist. The doctor will visually inspect and take samples to determine the type of infection, prescribe a course of treatment.
Regardless of the type of disease and the degree of manifestation, treatment should be carried out under the supervision of a physician. In some cases, a sick child is required to isolate from the spread of infection.
- A rash of reddish, crimson or red-purple color of a defective form with a shiny surface appears.
- The rash is itchy and in rare cases peeling is possible.
- Formations appear at the level of the skin, nodules are formed, and can also be in the form of rings, bumps, erosions and ulcers.
- On the mucous membranes of the mouth and genital organs there are nodules of pale pink color.
- First formed in groups, and then merge.
- Fresh formations are seen near those where they already were.
- On the places where there was a rash before, hyperpigmented areas are formed.
- On the nails with this disease, the formation of grooves.
Such kinds of depriving on a child's head may appear:
- Ringworm. The most common type. The name was due to the effect of the destruction of hair, the hair rods break off at a distance of several centimeters from the skin, as a result of which cracks appear.
- Pink lichen. Rare type of pathology. This disease is not fully understood by scientists. Both adults and children are at risk of the disease. The peculiarity of this type is the appearance of pinkish spots, hair destruction, as in the previous type of pathology, no. Scientists claim that the disease is infectious and allergic.
- Red lichen planus. Its feature is accompanied by the appearance of red spots, it can be of different shapes and sizes. The hairline completely falls out in the affected area, as a result of which even the hair follicles are not observed.
- Asbestosis versicolor on the head. How it looks, they do not know everything. This species is the least studied. It is found, as a rule, very rarely, often corresponding to seborrheic dermatitis of a neglected form, and also develops against the background of a fungal infection.
Treatment depriving long. Required to comply with all standards set by the doctor. For treatment of fungal pathogens, hair is cut on the affected areas, skin is treated with ointments against fungi, systemic antifungal drugs are also taken, the body is strengthened with vitamins, therapy for immunomodulation is carried out.
The doctor may also prescribe antihistamines and corticosteroid ointments in case of severe itching. If fungal hair is damaged, apply medicated shampoos with a fungicidal base. To prevent the occurrence of depriving a child, it is necessary to protect from contact with homeless animals and infected people, to check domestic animals for diseases at the veterinarian. Special attention should be paid to the body's immune system.
Ointments and creams
Creams and ointments - one of the ways how to treat lichen in children on the head. These are drugs prescribed for the external treatment of the affected hair. In the treatment of depriving, as a rule, use such medications:
- Sulfuric ointment is a medical preparation focused on the elimination of the pathogenic microflora, drying out the eruptions and accelerating healing. The ointment is applied to the affected areas every day once a day until the disease is completely cured.
- Instructions for use of "Terbix" indicates that this tool is focused on the elimination of fungi and removal of inflammation. In order to heal the lichen, the drug is applied to infected places every day until absolute healing of the disease.
- Instructions for the use of sulfur-tar ointment says that it is a medicinal product that disinfects the skin and destroys the fungus. In treatment of ringworm, the medicine is applied to the affected areas and areas of healthy skin close to them. The instructions for use of sulfur-tar ointment indicated that after application it is rubbed with light circular movements. In the presence of edema, the drug is applied under the bandage.
- "Microspore" - a means that destroys the cells of fungi. When curing ringworm is applied by a thin layer on the affected areas and rubbed with light circular movements. Duration of treatment is 4 - 6 weeks.
Often the use of ointments combined with the use of iodine. The drug dries stains and kills the pathogenic microflora, which can cause a suppuration. In this case, in the morning the spots are smeared with iodine, and in the evening, before going to bed - with ointment.
When the skin needs to be cleansed before the procedure, it is treated not with water, but with disinfectants - “Rivanol”, manganese, furatsilinom. Hormonal creams are used only as prescribed by the doctor: despite the fact that they reduce depriving symptoms, their use leads to rapid reproduction of the fungus.
Gels are also an option for how to treat versicolor in children on the head. These are pharmaceutical products that have an optimal ability to absorb, do not leave marks on the skin and clothing, and do not have an intense aroma. In the treatment of ringworm is used, as a rule, such substances:
- "Exifin" is a medical product that destroys the fungus and is used to treat the affected areas twice a day for three to four weeks.
- "Mikogel" - ILC is a drug that has not only antifungal, but also antibacterial action. When curing depriving the drug is applied twice a day for three to four weeks.
Solutions - means, well penetrating into the layers of the skin and not contaminating the locks on the head. When treating ringworm apply the following substances:
- "Yoditsirin" - medication, the main active elements of which are iodine and glycerin. The tool helps to restore the skin and the detachment of scales. During cure, it is used as a lotion: a disinfected napkin is moistened with a substance and left in the affected place for 20 minutes.
- "Vokadin" is an iodine-based agent that destroys fungi and sterilizes the skin. When treating ringworm is applied for 4 to 6 weeks.
- Nitrofungin is a productive antifungal medication applied to the affected areas three times a day, up to absolute treatment.
Tablets have a systemic effect and when curing depriving on the head are prescribed together with external agents.
- "Orungal" - an antimycotic drug that stops the development of a fungus, destroys its shell and is used for fifteen days.
- "Griseofulvin" is a medication that stops the growth of fungi and is used until the absolute cure of the disease.
Lamisil versus depriving children is a cream and a gel whose activity is focused on stopping an increase in the number of fungi and their elimination. The cure rate is 5-6 weeks, and the improvement begins on the fifth day.
This form for adults and children over 12 is used 1-2 times a day. The dose depends on the testimony and advice of the doctor. Before using Lamisil ointment, the price of which is within 200 rubles, you need:
- кожный слой основательно помыть и просушить,
- средство нанести тоненьким пластом на больные зоны дермы,
- слега втереть крем,
- места поражений можно прикрыть слоем марли.
Продолжительность излечения, как правило, составляет 2 недели. It all depends on the severity of the disease.
Reducing the severity of the clinical picture is observed after the first use of the drug. If the substance is used irregularly, the infection may begin to develop again. If there is no result, you need to consult a doctor to verify the diagnosis.
Spray - analogue ointment "Lamisil". The price of the drug is 400 rubles, allowed for children after 12 years. Apply "Lamisil" only once a day, regardless of the severity of the disease. Before the procedure, you must:
- wash and dry the skin,
- apply the gel on the diseased dermis and on the tissues close to it,
- in case of diaper rash, the area should be closed with gauze.
The duration of the treatment is a week. In no case is it recommended to exceed the indicated dose in order not to provoke unnecessary consequences and exacerbation of the disease.
For treatment prescribed mainly for depriving her from the group of antifungal. It is desirable to simultaneously conduct local and systemic therapy. This approach will reduce the frequency of relapse. On the recommendation of the doctor allowed the use of folk remedies for depriving children.
The child’s immune system is not sufficiently formed. For this reason, prevention is important to protect the children's body from fungi and viruses. The main danger is the development of complications or the accession of a secondary infection. Timely recourse and treatment will allow the child to quickly begin to fight the disease.
How does the infection occur?
The disease is contagious, and it carries a serious threat to health. Infection usually occurs through a contact-household route; transmission from a pet is possible. The greatest probability that a person will become infected, occurs when there are scratches, wounds, microdamages on the skin of the body or head.
Ringworm very often affects children, the disease is not less common among adults of various age categories. When a fungal infection hits the epidermis of the development of ringworm does not occur only if the person has strong immunity. Lack of treatment of the disease is fraught with baldness, the formation of aesthetic scars and scars, the spread of infection throughout the body.
The name depriving "ringworm" is due to the fact that in appearance it seems as if the affected area has been clipped specially with scissors. In fact, this is a characteristic feature of this dermatological disease on the scalp.
This is a very contagious disease, transmitted from person to person, from an infected animal.
Transmission occurs as follows:
- physical contact with a patient with trichophytosis,
- the use of personal items of the patient, for example, combs, towels, shaving accessories, dishes, wearing hats and clothing, etc.
- non-disinfected manicure tools, hairdresser's scissors can cause infection,
- Visiting public places with high humidity, such as sauna, swimming pool, beach, etc.,
- playing or caring for a sick pet.
Most often, a fungal infection is picked up in schools, kindergartens, and gyms. But most likely infection within the family. If someone is ill with trichophytosis, whether child or adult, then the rest of the family members are at risk. After all, the spores of the fungus can be anywhere, on any household items, on the door handles, on the switches and even on the dishes. There is no doubt that there is an infection in the bathroom, because the fungi like a high level of humidity and multiply very quickly under these conditions.
When the mushrooms get to the surface of the epidermis, they begin to actively proliferate in the skin cells. Spores of fungi penetrate into the hair follicles, then in the ascending path affect the entire hair, destroying its structure. Hair becomes lifeless and gradually break off, forming characteristic hemp or black spots on the surface of the scalp.
Therefore, it is important to observe careful precautions when living in the same house with an infected person, who must have his own personal items, dishes, towels, combs, etc.
Symptoms on the head
The incubation period of this disease varies from one week to a month. Then the first signs of trichophytia begin to manifest.
Surface trichophytosis may be localized on the head or on the skin. The disease begins with the formation of characteristic pinkish spots, along the contour of which are formed the so-called rollers or elevations in the form of crusts, bubbles. It is by this feature that ringworm is recognized by visual inspection of the patient. In the middle of the spots there is a slight peeling of the skin. On the head bald patches or simply thinning of the hair on the affected area are formed. If the bald spots are small, then the disease is called small focal triticitis. Inside the inflammatory element, hair, as a rule, does not fall out, but breaks off, forming small "hemp". Ringworm at the initial stage does not cause any unpleasant symptoms. Only some patients may have slight signs of itching.
If you do not deprive the appropriate treatment, then in women this fungal disease often becomes chronic. And men have high chances that the disease will recede by itself. In the transition to the chronic form of the disease is often asymptomatic due to the fact that the areas affected by the fungus are very small. As a result, a person becomes a source of infection, completely unaware of it.
Other signs of a chronic course of the disease:
- the location of the bald spots on the temples, or in the neck,
- flaking foci of trichophytia, bluish tint of spots,
- characteristic black spots inside the affected areas, which were formed as a result of breaking off the hairs.
Signs of ringworm on the skin
The main places of localization of fungi on the surface of the epidermis are limbs, face, neck, less often the other parts of the body. Manifestations of dermatological disease on the skin:
- lesions are distinguished by relief,
- In the middle of the spot, characteristic flakes, peeling of the skin,
- along the edges of inflammation bubbles, small ulcers and crusts form.
The development of ringworm on the skin is usually accompanied by mild itchy sensations. With the progression of the disease and the absence of appropriate treatment, symptoms such as swollen lymph nodes, an increase in body temperature, etc., may join.
Features of the disease in children
This dermatological disease is one of the most common among children. Infection of the child occurs in the same way as an adult person. And with reduced immunity, the risk of getting sick increases significantly.
Children are ill more often than adults due to the fact that they often neglect the rules of hygiene, especially when they are left unattended.
Therefore, it is important to inculcate in the child the habit of washing hands thoroughly before eating, after using the toilet, after a walk, and after talking with pets. Trichophytosis in children can occur both on the scalp and on the skin, as well as on the nails.
The main danger here is that if the disease is accompanied by itching, then the child may brush the areas with a fungal infection with his nails. This results from the fact that the children's organism is more subject to allergic reactions, rather than adult. And if in adults the disease is accompanied by itching at the initial stage only occasionally, then this is not true for children.
As a result, the foci of trichophytosis become inflamed due to the entry of pathogenic microflora. In this case, it is much more difficult to cure a small patient due to secondary infection, and because of the spread of the fungus throughout the body. With an extremely weakened immune system, a mild deprive of a child in addition to epidermis or hair lesions has other signs, such as fever, swollen lymph nodes, weakness, lack of appetite, and intestinal problems.
Trichophytosis occurs in children from about four to five to thirteen or fourteen years of age. During puberty, the signs of the disease may disappear on their own, or it may be possible to go into a chronic form. Self-healing usually occurs in boys (but they are also very rare). Much more often this phenomenon occurs in men.
If shear ringworm has become chronic in a girl, then doctors usually associate this phenomenon with endocrinological disorders, which causes many problems in the future:
- disturbances in the activity of the ovaries,
- malfunctions in the normal functioning of the organs of the urogenital system,
- lack of vitamins in the body
- reduced immunity.
If trichophytosis is not cured in time, both in children and adults, it becomes chronic or deep, causing many consequences for the health and appearance of the patient. With this diagnosis, hospitalization is indicated for small patients.
Diagnosis of trichophytia
When symptoms characteristic of the disease appear, an immediate appeal to a dermatologist is required to prevent the spread of the fungal infection to other people.
First, a visual examination of the patient, lesions on the head and on the skin. To establish an accurate diagnosis, the doctor takes a scraping from the inflammatory elements to study the material in laboratory conditions. It is necessary to identify the causative agent of the disease in order to know for sure how you can deal with it.
Another type of diagnosis is the use of a special fluorescent lamp. Lesions affected by trihofitones usually glow green.
Treatment for ringworm
For the treatment of dermatological disease requires an integrated and individual approach to each individual patient. The treatment regimen depends on the degree of infestation, the number of lichen spots, the stage of the disease. If there are few superficial lichen lesions, then it is enough to use local medical preparations that have an antimycotic effect. In order to prevent the progression of trichophytosis, its transition into the chronic form, it is required to comply with all prescriptions and recommendations of the attending physician. Often patients have to be hospitalized, it is necessary for multiple lesions of the body and head.
For the medical treatment of ringworm, the following means are used:
- anti-fungal ointment,
- special solutions for washing and lotions,
- tablets for oral administration.
The most effective are special ointments, the active substances which penetrate deep into the skin, having a destructive effect on the spores of fungi. Such ointments as Mikospor, Terbinafine, Lamisil, Clotrimazole, Exoderil, Bifonazole, Cyclopirox are used. Sulfur-salicylic ointment, sulfur-tar tar acts no worse. With regular application, fungal infection is destroyed, drying and disinfection of lichen formation, and tissue regeneration is accelerated.
Before applying any of these ointments recommended treatment of inflammation with iodine.
Many people prefer to use hormonal drugs for local treatment, as they relieve symptoms of the disease well. You should not do this without the advice of a dermatologist, as this can aggravate the course of the disease.
Before you apply any ointment, it is advisable to wash the spots depriving with special solutions that are good for ringworm on the head. These are usually solutions made on the basis of iodine, which has antibacterial and antifungal properties.
Gels to eliminate depriving are in demand due to the fact that they are well and quickly absorbed into the epidermis, without leaving behind a greasy film or stains on clothes. At the same time, they are the most effective because they contain a large number of medicinal substances that kill the trichophyton fungi. These are drugs such as Exifin or Mikogel.
For the treatment of the scalp it is required to completely shave the hair on the affected areas, only after that it is advisable to start anti-mycotic therapy. It is advisable to wash your hair with special shampoos containing anti-fungal substances.
Since it is more difficult to get rid of hair fungus than from epidermis lesions, in some cases, dermatologists prescribe special oral tablets to provide a comprehensive effect on the infection. Griseofulvin is considered the most effective drug. Also prescribed are such medicines as:
- Ketoconazole and others.
In order for the disease to recede as quickly as possible, it is important to use ointments and gels for at least two weeks; antimycotic medicines for oral administration often have to be drunk for a month, or even two.
Only under the condition of regular medical procedures for the treatment of foci of inflammation and taking pills, quick recovery is possible. Neglect of the doctor’s recommendations is fraught with the transition of ringworm to the chronic stage.
Any pharmaceutical preparations have many contraindications and side effects on the body, for this reason, they can be used only on the recommendation of the attending physician dermatologist.
Treatment in children
The treatment regimen in young patients is almost the same as in adults. Preparations are used for topical treatment, and the signs of ringworm on the head in children are eliminated with the help of external and internal therapy.
- The antimycotic antibiotic Griseofulvin is produced especially for small children in the form of a suspension. If there are contraindications to this remedy (lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, kidneys or liver, etc.), Lamisil is prescribed. In order to prevent the occurrence of side effects in the form of liver problems, you can give the child such drugs as Galsten, Carsil.
- To prevent the baby from itching, antihistamine medicines are used - Zyrtec, Fenistil, Suprastin.
- It is important to strengthen the immune system of the child, for this purpose they use vitamin complexes, they nourish, including more fresh fruits and vegetables and other useful products containing vitamins, minerals and microelements.
- For topical application, Travocort, Lamisil, Mikoseptin ointments are indicated. Preliminary it is required to shave off the hairs affected by fungus on the head.
As an additional method of treatment, you can use alternative medicine, involving the use of natural remedies to get rid of trichophytia.
The most popular folk recipes:
- A small amount of black raisin pour boiling water, insist, grind. To put on spots several times a day. The therapeutic effect is achieved after a few days of regular use.
- Plantain juice mixed with alcohol, birch ash. The resulting mixture is used several times a day for external application.
- Fresh pumpkin juice gadgets do a good job with itching and other manifestations of ringworm.
- Chamomile decoction is the most effective treatment for trichophytosis on the head.
- Alcohol tincture of propolis, which can be prepared by yourself, or bought at any pharmacy.
- From a mixture of vinegar and camphor oil, it is useful to make lotions for the foci of trichophytia.
All popular methods used should be coordinated with a dermatologist, and they cannot act as the main therapy. The neglect of prescribed medical treatment is unacceptable.
It is very important to observe hygienic rules in the course of treatment, wash clothes and clothes of the patient in hot water, be sure to iron them. In the premises to carry out daily wet cleaning with disinfectants, air the room. You can use aromatherapy and turn on the oil burner by adding a mixture of water and a few drops of essential oils with disinfecting and cleansing properties. For example, tea tree or lavender ether, etc. After the end of the course of treatment, it is required to pass a control analysis to make sure that the fungal infection is completely gone.
Symptoms of licking on the body and head
Ringworm in children and adults has received this name because of the specific damage to the skin of the scalp. In the areas of damage, the hair looks broken, as if it had been cut. Anomalous zones are localized on the head (hairy, face), back, arms. The spots appear to have a red-pink color, itching and flaking excessively.
Stages of development of ringworm
Symptoms and type of spots depends on the period of the disease. There are 3 stages of ringworm:
For the initial stage is typical:
- inflammation and swelling in the area of introduction of the pathogen,
- single spots over the skin, light pink and red,
- spots are round with clear boundaries
- if there were hairs on the spot of the rash, black dots remain with the appearance of a whitish plaque,
- drying bubbles with the formation of a crust.
Во время прогрессирующей стадии лишая пятна размножаются и распространяются по телу, их количество возрастает. В активный период ярко видно облысение в месте поражения, область покрыта чешуйками мертвого эпидермиса, пятна и их края приобретают цвета от красного до сиреневого. The photos below show the symptoms of the disease in its various stages.
Incubation period of the disease
The incubation (latent, latent) period is the time from the moment of introduction of the foreign microbial agent into the body until the first symptoms of the disease appear. The time of appearance of the first signs of ringworm depends on the route of infection: if the infection is from a person, then the incubation period is 2-6 weeks, if the child has been in contact with a sick animal, the duration of the latent phase is reduced to 5-6 days.
Diagnosis of the disease
The doctor makes a visual inspection of the damaged skin, using fluorescent diagnostics (Wood's lamp), microscopic examination of the material, as well as planting bacterial material in a nutrient medium. All these types of examinations help to determine the pathogen accurately and prescribe the correct etiotropic treatment.
Use of ointments
As soon as parents notice the first symptoms of depriving, it is acceptable to use ointments and pills of natural origin at home. If the case is running, the doctor may apply hormone treatments. How long does depriving treatment last? It may take several days or take months.
In pediatric practice, dermatological diseases often use ointments, creams, gels. The most widely used means:
- 5% ointment Acyclovir or in the form of a cream,
- tar ointment
- Sulfuric ointment,
- ointment Mikoseptin,
- Nitrofungin in the form of a 1% solution,
- Ichthyol ointment.
The use of pills and candles
Modern pharmaceutical companies offer a wide selection of pills that help to cure their lichen. You should always remember: in order to completely cope with the disease, you need to influence the cause. Doctors always select medicines in accordance with the age of the child and after making an accurate diagnosis.
Medicines used for treatment in childhood are classified into the following types:
- Antiviral drugs. If the disease has provoked the herpes virus. This group of drugs includes acyclovir, arbidol, rimantadine, candles Viferon and others. The dosage is determined according to the age of the baby.
- Interferons - stimulate the endogenous defenses of the body when they are weakened.
- Antifungal drugs. Effective with ringworm, which develops due to the reproduction of fungi. Can be produced in the form of ointments and tablets. Mycoflucan, Mycomax, Nizoral.
- Antiallergic (antihistamine) drugs - reduce skin itching and the number of skin rashes: Suprastin, Tavegil, Diazolin, Cetrin.
- Antipyretic, anti-inflammatory drugs: Paracetamol, Ibuprofen.
- Sedatives - soothe the child, he combs himself less, and this speeds up healing. They may be of plant origin (Valeriana) or of chemical origin (Diazepam).
Knowing the route of infection, should be appropriate prophylaxis. It is necessary to explain to the child why it is impossible to touch other animals on the street, and to teach every time after walking to wash hands with soap and water. Personal hygiene plays a special role - it is easier to prevent the disease than to cure it. If you suspect a zoster in pets, they should be immediately shown to the veterinarian. Do not forget about the strengthening of immunity, it is desirable that the diet was rich in vitamins, proteins and trace elements.
How does it look
Deprive a person on the head manifests itself in different ways, depending on the type of disease. All existing forms are fungal lesions: trichophytosis, ringworm, microsporia asbestosis lesion. Together with the scalp, they can infect the nails, body, face. Deprive on the head looks like a spot, different in color from the rest of the skin, devoid of hair. It may be pale pink, yellow or red, inflamed or not, without ulcers. Deprive flakes, gradually increases in size, causes itching, discomfort.
Initially, the disease is mild, almost asymptomatic, so it may go unnoticed for a long time. The first signs of illness can be considered any, even minor appearances. If you find any foreign formations or changes on the skin, similar to the spot, you should immediately contact a dermatologist. It will help to distinguish the fungus from other possible diseases, such as psoriasis, baldness, candidiasis and others. The characteristic signs of lichen on the head include the following:
- pigmentation disorders: light or dark round spots on the scalp or other parts of the body,
- the appearance on the skin of any suspicious rash, herpes, crusts, scales,
- flaky elements on the scalp,
- broken hair in problem areas, their total loss around the spot,
- red inflamed contours of lichen spots, covering with crusts,
- in severe stages, swelling, compaction and suppuration of the spot may occur.
Causes of lichen patches can be different viruses, infections, several types of fungus. They are distinguished by the localization of lesions (on the head, nails, body), the clinical picture (itching, inflammation, dryness, the content of foci), by the method of infection and pathogens. Lichen species on the head include: ringworm, pink and scaly. The first type is common, which often affects children after contact with sick animals. To identify the disease correctly, one must consider the characteristics of each species separately.
This type of lesion is known as trichophytosis or microsporia; it can be transmitted from animals, another person, through direct and indirect contact (towels, personal care products, wool scraps). However, the fungus does not multiply immediately: in 80% of cases it is washed off with soap and water after the first washing of hands and head. But there are risk factors for a person's ringworm to move to the next level: these are skin damage - injuries, cuts, abrasions, wounds, reduced immunity as a result of illness or seasonal beriberi.
Ringworm parasitizes hair and skin. On the head, the fungus is manifested by noticeable pale spots - balding patches that are not inflamed, but cause physical and moral discomfort, a slight itch. Physical appearance is characterized by red itchy foci, the skin around them is dry and scaly, covered with small bubbles, plaques, knots.
Multi-colored or scaly versicolor - a consequence of a lesion of the epidermis with a yeast-like fungus, which is not infectious, is activated by external and internal factors, and can proceed harmlessly. Spores of this fungus are on the body of almost everyone. The disease can occur after certain disruptions in the body, with hormonal disruptions, provokes its hot climate, sweating, prolonged exposure to the sun.
Deprive has the appearance of whitish, yellow, light or dark brown spots of various shapes and sizes, which can slightly flake off. The fungus got its name because of the wide color spectrum of these pigmentations. Pityriasis versicolor in the hair on the head has the same signs, but it appears extremely rarely, mostly only if the person is already bald before infection.
The origin of this species is not fully understood: it is a viral disease to which people are more susceptible during periods of weakened immunity. Pink lichen on the head appears in the form of round or oval foci, pale inside and bright pink on the rim. Foci can peel off, grow, and around them through time there is a small itchy rash. In most cases, this type of fungus can pass itself after a couple of months, but for the speediest treatment, use outdoor antifungal, antihistamines and vitamins to strengthen the immune system.
If you find symptoms of depriving you should immediately contact a dermatologist for a more accurate diagnosis of a variety of the disease. For treatment on the head using external antifungal agents, ointments of local action. Inside for the treatment of the disease can be administered antihistamine drugs, a complex of vitamins. Still spend different options for physiotherapy.
This form of the disease is determined by microscopic examination and examination under the Wood's lamp. In the treatment of ringworm in humans, the main role is played by antifungal medications and physiotherapy. During medication, you must regularly take a scraping for bacteriological analysis and be observed by a doctor to determine the development of the disease and to ensure its cure. Physical therapy can easily eliminate large lesions and alleviate common symptoms of the disease. The following fungal treatments are used:
- UV light irradiation.
Patients often worry about whether their hair will grow after the ringworm and its treatment, but there is nothing to worry about: modern methods of therapy allow you to keep the hair roots intact, the head is not shaved and the hair grows back after recovery. Children may need a short haircut to eliminate all possible lesions left on the hair; adults do not shave.
Treatment for lichen in a child
If you have found the first signs of illness in your child, you need to consult a specialist as soon as possible for diagnosis and therapy. Treatment for lichen in children takes about one to two weeks, it passes easily, without difficulties and complications. During the course of the illness, the child may feel general weakness, nausea, fever, mild chills.
If the form of the fungus is contagious, it is necessary to isolate the patient for a while and observe the necessary rules of control: regularly carry out a complete disinfection of personal hygiene items, if necessary, hospitalize the child and limit contact. The disease passes without a trace, if treated correctly and in a timely manner. Skin, hair becomes healthy, if in the future to take all measures to prevent the disease.
Treatment of folk remedies
At home, fungal diseases are treated with herbs and other improvised means. Traditional medicine knows many ways to treat lichen in the hair. Many of them are effective and widely used among supporters of unconventional methods, both separately and in combination, with drugs. Some treatment options for folk remedies are listed below:
- Compresses of tar: tar and fish oil are mixed in equal proportions, dipped in gauze solution, then the skin surface is easily treated. Suitable for all parts of the body. It is necessary to apply, observing the patient's reaction: in case of allergies, reddening and perceptible moisture of the skin, you should stop compresses and choose a more “dry” method.
- Rubbing dark raisins in the affected area will also help get rid of the disease. Raisins need to be cut in half and wipe their skin.
- Processing garlic: well accelerates the course of therapy, returns the skin to its normal state. Garlic must be crushed, wrapped in cheesecloth, then applied to the affected areas, avoiding direct contact with the wound.
- Lemon lotions: rub lemon and garlic for 2 hours as a compress. Another way to use lemon is in its pure form: keep a minute on the skin, repeat 4 times a day.
- Salt: Apply for a ringworm with a finger dipped in saliva.
- Burdock root and birch charcoal: mix the pulp from the root with charcoal powder, first lubricate the lichen with garlic, then this mass. Hold for 15 minutes.
Prevention of depriving a person comes down mainly to maintaining the necessary personal hygiene. If possible, take a hot shower or bath every day, clean the body with a washcloth or brush, use body gels, shampoos, be sure to wash your hands before eating and after walking. Do not catch you will help such rules:
- thorough washing of hands after contact with street animals, which can be carriers of spores,
- caution in handling personal belongings that may contain different parts of the epidermis (combs, clothes, bedding, towels),
- It is necessary to regularly check pets after walking, when suspicious wounds, spots or alopecia are found on their skin, urgently take them to the vet,
- monitor the hygiene of children, educate them cleanly,
- take vitamins during dangerous periods for immunity, eat healthy food, play sports.
Deprive in children: features of the disease
Features depriving a child:
- Often occurs in the warm season (summer or spring),
- Children's deprive often caused by fungi called trichophytes, which are well fixed on the surface of the skin, they are difficult to remove with cleaning and disinfecting solutions. They are also prone to rapid growth and reproduction. Such fungi are dangerous because they can remain viable for up to 6 months,
- Often there is a zoster in a child who often contacts with homeless animals, birds that are carriers of the disease.
Herpes is a viral disease with characteristic rash of blisters on the surface of the skin. To eliminate this problem, people use hormonal ointments, antibiotics, or even pick a sore, which is absolutely impossible to do!
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What does ringworm look like?
Ringworm is one of the most common fungal diseases, which can affect not only the skin, but also the scalp, feet and even nails. The danger of this disease is that the incubation period can reach more than 3 weeks, after which the disease will acquire a chronic course.
There are two types of ringworm, consider them in more detail:
- Microsporia. It is transmitted from person to person through hygiene items (comb, towel) or by means of animal depriving carriers. In this case, the fungi spread by penetrating through injuries and damage to the skin (cuts, scratches),
- Trichophytosis. It is mainly spread by transferring fungi from animals to humans, often domesticated (cats, cows, goats, and others). The specks are accompanied by a deterioration of general well-being - weakness, which can join the temperature, loss of appetite and headache.
With these types of disease on the surface of the skin there are round spots on the form with clearly defined edges that flake, itch and itch.
When ringworm appears on the scalp of the child’s head:
- Hair loss,
- Breaking off of hairs at the site of rash,
- The coat becomes dull, loses its volume, brittleness appears (due to disruption of the hair structure),
- Also ringworm can go to the nail plate, which crumble, fade, change the natural color.
In some cases, the disease may be accompanied by an increase in lymph nodes, rash appears in the form of ulcers. Often this occurs in children with reduced immunity. Therefore, ringworm requires medical treatment from a specialist who will conduct the necessary research and prescribe medications for a comprehensive solution to the problem.
An example of how to look deprived in children in the photo.
For example, ringworm on the scalp, which is accompanied by round rashes, soon becoming covered with a whitish bloom, then bald patches appear. With the progression of the disease, the hair may disappear completely.
Micellar cream is definitely an effective remedy to combat all types of fungal infections on the skin and nails.
It not only eliminates pathogenic dermatophytes, pathogens of epidermicoses and trichomycosis, but also restores the protective functions of the skin. Effectively eliminates itching, peeling and irritation from the first application.
Ways of infection
Infection with ringworm occurs as follows:
- Causes of infection with ringworm, as a rule, are rooted in contact with an animal or person infected with microorganisms.
- In childhood, infection occurs through contact with homeless animals, even if they look healthy, which are carried by various types of microorganisms.
- Sometimes microorganisms can be found in the soil, on objects in a sandbox, a bench in the yard, and so on.
- When contacted with infected people, infection is also possible, even when using any objects of such a person. Therefore, you should limit the contact of the child, especially a small one, with other people's things and objects.
The formation of ringworm in childhood often begins with the face - small inflammations, specks begin to form on its surface, they can be either single or multiple.
Therefore, you should inspect the child every day and not even ignore a small spot - they rarely appear for no reason, since the skin tends to signal that there are malfunctions in the body of various kinds of rashes.
How to recognize the initial stage of ringworm?
How to determine whether to shive in the early stages - inspect the baby regularlyif a speck appeared, even one thing is a reason to consult a doctor soon.
Дело в том, что на первых этапах проявления аллергии и лишая могут быть сходными и незаметными невооруженному глазу. The specialist will conduct a visual inspection using the Wood's lamp, painlessly take a scraping from the surface of the speck, then make an accurate diagnosis and determine the type of pathogen.
Can't cope with herpes?
Herpes on the lips is a common virus; more than 90% of the population is infected with them. The disease begins with an itch, one or more bubbles appear, as soon as a person has a cold or a cold.
It is better to start the treatment as soon as you see the first signs. Before the bubbles appear, “experienced” patients already feel the first signs - itching, tingling, or burning sensation in the area of manifestation of the sore. If you start treatment right away, you will be able to stop it!
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- Fights complications
Can't handle the fungus?
Nail fungus, like all other fungal diseases, is contagious. The disease can occur even in those who lead a healthy lifestyle.
When the first symptoms of nail fungus should immediately begin treatment. If you start the disease, the nail exfoliates, changes color, shape, crumbles and noticeably thickens.
In such cases, our readers recommend the use of - antifungal agent Varanga.
It has the following properties:
- Freely penetrates under the nail and in between the spaces
- It has an antibacterial effect. Relieves itching and inflammation in 1 application
- Removes cracks and itching between fingers due to propolis
- Destroys spores due to alkaloids poultry
- Golden mustache restores healthy nails
The most important thing parents should do is to visit a specialist at the first symptoms of the appearance of spots and at the first signs of depriving. The doctor, based on the results of the research, prescribes a treatment regimen. As for folk recipes, their use is permissible only as an auxiliary method in addition to the main one, with the permission of the attending physician.
The main ways to inhibit the growth and development of fungi are drugs:
- Antifungal pills. The drug, dosing regimen and application are determined by the doctor based on the individual characteristics of the small patient (age, weight, concomitant diseases, type of pathogen),
- Antifungal ointment. Used externally to inhibit the growth and development of pathogenic microorganisms, as a rule, they are applied several times a day for a month,
- Antifungal sprays. They act on the principle of ointments, are used externally, have a lighter texture and allow them to be applied without contacting directly with the affected area,
- Antifungal shampoos. Used with ringworm of the scalp.
After completing the course of treatment, the doctor will observe the child for several months to avoid recurrence or re-infection. After complete recovery of the child is removed from observation.
What is it necessary to distinguish ringworm?
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"The cream used in the complex treatment of the fungus of the nails and toes. Exhausting itching was gone and stopped bothering at all. It is easily rubbed into the toes. The main thing is that the skin should be dry.
After a month of application, the nails became lighter, the yellow color disappeared and the already begun stratification passed. I am very pleased with the result. The fungus was not there. "