Ureaplasma is called a unicellular microbe that causes an infectious disease called ureaplasmosis. When ingested, the infection is waiting for favorable conditions for development.
These microbes do not have a cell membrane and DNA, so they settle down and begin their parasitic activity on the cell membranes of the urogenital system.
If a woman has an infection, while she plans or is already in the state of gestation, she begins to worry about the possibility of becoming pregnant with the disease, and for the safety of the fetus.
Factors and causes of development
The main ways in which an infection enters the body are as follows:
- During intercourse with a carrier of ureaplasmosis,
- When using someone else's personal hygiene items (towel, razor, underwear).
If a pregnant woman is infected with this disease, then there is a high probability of intrauterine infection of the child.
Infection occurs during childbirth during the passage of the birth canal.
There are cases when an infection in the body does not cause ureaplasmosis.
Uncontrolled multiplication of infection is possible only when suitable conditions arise.
Factors that contribute to the development of ureaplasmosis:
- Reducing the protective functions of the female body, which occurs in the presence of a chronic disease, hypothermia, stress.
- Frequent change of sexual partners.
- The presence of another venereal disease.
- After a sufficiently long reception of antibacterial and hormonal agents.
- By reducing the quality of life.
How to recognize ureaplasmosis? In most cases, ureaplasmosis develops asymptomatic, or has mild symptoms. In this case, the woman does not pay special attention to the resulting malaise.
The development of this disease is sometimes indicated by changes in the woman’s body. Vaginal discharge acquire a yellowish tinge, while having a rather unpleasant smell.
Itching, burning of the external genital organs, pain in the lower abdomen. Violation of urination, with pain during the outflow of urine.
Ureaplasma and infertility
Medical experts for a long time, arrange discussions about the dangers of ureaplasmosis for the woman's body. Many patients do not seriously think about this fact, because the disease does not bother and there are no characteristic symptoms of manifestation.
The most favorite parasitic sites of ureaplasma are the urethra, the surface of the vagina, and the uterine cervix. It is not necessary to treat your health lightly, because infection can lead to serious diseases.
Many are concerned about the question: - “Can ureaplasmosis cause infertility?”. Yes, when the disease becomes chronic, it can lead to infertility.
This is due to the fact that during the long course of the disease, more and more internal organs and systems are affected, which leads to adhesions in the pelvis. Adhesions prevent the normal passage of sperm to the egg.
Very often, ureaplasma provokes the development of ureaplasmosis. An accurate diagnosis can only be made by a doctor, after reviewing the results of the analysis.
It is important not to self-medicate. Only a doctor can prescribe a suitable drug therapy, taking into account the patient's personal characteristics, as well as age. It is easier to fight any disease in its early stages. In the chronic form of treatment, the treatment is long and leads to negative consequences.
If the future mom is diagnosed with chronic ureaplasmosis, then this can seriously affect the functioning of the fetus. Therefore, it is not necessary to neglect your health.
To the question: “Can ureaplasma be the cause of infertility in women,” the answer is positive. After all, conception and ureaplasma are incompatible concepts. You should not risk the health of the most dear to you man, a child.
The peculiarity of this microorganism is that it affects the human body in an ascending way, infecting the bladder, vagina, uterus and its appendages.
Ureaplasmosis leads to the following complications:
- Cyst disease
- Orchit and others.
Therefore, to the existing symptoms of ureaplasmosis are added more and signs of the above diseases. If, in addition to urethritis, this infection does not spread further, it can cause narrowing of the urethra.
Complications of this disease can be various infectious diseases that rapidly affect the reproductive system and reproductive function.
Many patients complain of reduced fertility when infected with ureaplasma.
In women, ureaplasma causes inflammatory reactions in the appendages of the uterus, due to which adhesions form in the fallopian tubes, and the ovarian capsule is compacted.
This interferes with ovulation, the free passage of sperm and a fertilized egg. Therefore, in some cases, ureaplasma infection can be considered the culprit of ectopic pregnancy.
Active reproduction of bacteria can cause various complications in pregnant women, in particular, gynecologists consider ureaplasmosis as one of the causes of spontaneous abortions, premature birth, polyhydramus, and some fetal pathologies.
Pregnancy with ureaplasmosis
Can I get pregnant with ureaplasma in women? Very often, when registering for pregnancy, it is revealed that a woman is infected with ureaplasmosis.
Many are concerned about the question of whether ureaplasma affects the conception? In some cases, yes. This occurs when the disease has struck the body strongly enough; against this background, an adhesive process has arisen that prevents the free movement of spermatozoa.
Microorganisms are found in the body of a healthy person, while not causing any disease, since there are no favorable conditions for development.
Ureaplasmosis may occur in a pregnant woman when communicating with an infected partner. It is the state of pregnancy that provides a favorable environment for development.
According to statistics, not all patients with pregnancy have this disease. Those future moms who have a small amount of lactobacilli in the vagina are most susceptible.
A woman may simply be a carrier. It is still fraught with those that there is a likelihood of infection of the fetus and the detrimental effect on its development. A popular question for doctors: - “Does ureaplasma prevent you from getting pregnant?”. She can either interfere or not. If it is detected in the early stages, it is necessary to undergo treatment.
Women who have suffered this disease are advised, before planning a pregnancy to pass all the necessary tests. And if there is any deviation in the analyzes to undergo the necessary therapy.
Timely diagnosis and treatment of infertility
Infertility is a shocking diagnosis for almost every woman. After all, this suggests that a woman can not have children. But do not despair ahead of time.
Modern medicine can cope and even cure infertility. To do this, you must either contact your attending gynecologist, or in a special department where they do it. It is important for both spouses to visit the infertility treatment center. After all, the reason can be both in a woman and in a man.
The most common tests for women are ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs, tests for infections, they determine the profile of hormones.
A qualified specialist only in 5 months will be able to give an accurate diagnosis. For men, the process of infertility testing is faster. The main task of doctors at this stage is to ensure the patency of the fallopian tubes, getting rid of tumors, if any, and so on.
Sometimes surgery is the only chance to cope with infertility. Therefore, they need to use. After treatment, more than half of the patients conceived naturally.
If after treatment there are difficulties with conception, it is necessary to contact the center for artificial insemination, where many couples are helped to get pregnant.
There are many methods of fertilization. Some of which involve planting three embryos, which can lead to multiple pregnancies.
Modern medicine sometimes practices surrogacy, which also gives positive results, but there are some points.