Practically all future parents are interested in the gender of their future baby in order to have time to get all the essentials in the right color scheme. The surest way is to determine the sex of the child on ultrasound or screening, which is possible in the early and middle stages of pregnancy. Some try to program the floor of the future baby before conception, but this is not always possible and not for everyone.
Why do we need sex determination by ultrasound
The first ultrasound examination of a pregnant woman is supposed to be done around the 12th week. At this time, the baby is still poorly visible, so gender cannot be determined in a medical way, because all the necessary organs have not yet been formed. The main essence of research in the first trimester is to find out how the fetus develops, whether there are any pathologies. In the second trimester, the doctor can often say with high accuracy who you are born.
How long can you determine the sex of the child?
The doctor can correctly determine the sex of the child by ultrasound only in that situation if the fetus is in the correct position in the abdomen. Toddlers can be closed by hand, umbilical cord, press legs. The earliest time when there is a chance to find out the sex is 14 weeks. It should be remembered that in this case the probability of error is more than 50%. Basically, exactly half the crumbs will be reported to you at the second ultrasound study, which is carried out at 20-23 weeks. This time is associated with the development and manifestation of sexual characteristics in the fetus. The probability of error is 10%.
Does 3D ultrasound help to accurately identify the sex
Modern technology is constantly moving forward, and medicine does not stand still. In this regard, in addition to the standard 2D method, the popularity of the generation of 3D is gaining - screening ultrasound, where the child can be seen in the three-dimensional image. Future parents can see a photo of the baby, in addition to information about the field to find out who he resembles - the outlines of the face and developmental defects are clearly visible. This procedure has limitations: the gestation period should exceed 10 weeks. When conducting free radicals can form, which adversely affect the development of the fetus.
Signs of a floor when carrying out ultrasonography of diagnostics
An ultrasound scan shows the sex of the child using a special sensor that detects the presence of the girl’s labia or scrotum and the boy’s penis. Inspection is determined by the position of the embryo in the uterus, the thickness of the walls, the amount of intrauterine fluid. From the 6th week, the fetal genitals begin to form, genital hillocks appear, eventually transforming into genitals. By 20-21 weeks the organs are formed, which can be seen on the study.
Why ultrasound results may be inaccurate
It is proved that the ultrasonic method, as a method for determining the sex of the baby, is accurate to a maximum of 90%. Inaccuracies are found, and the causes of errors can be:
- Little gestational age. Pregnant women are always so interested to know who will be born to her, that she asks to know the sex of the child on the first ultrasound. You need to understand that the fruit is not fully formed, so just make a mistake.
- Last screening before delivery. During this period, it is most difficult to find out the sex of the baby, because it is already big, so it rolls up, hiding all its organs.
- Human factor. The sex of the child is already visible on the ultrasound, but due to certain circumstances, the doctor may be mistaken. This may be due to its inexperience, outdated technology, failures in the sensor equipment, etc.
- Ethics. Some psychologists say that a mistake in sex determination leads to an increase in postpartum depression.
How on ultrasound determine the sex of the child with multiple pregnancies
Twins can be determined already during the first ultrasound, but on such a short period the number of embryos is questionable, because sometimes the second fetus can harmfully dissolve. From the 8th week, after conducting a study, you can determine how many fetal heartbeats are audible. In case of multiple pregnancies, the baby's sex on ultrasound is determined in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters, and it is carried out more often than 3 times in 9 months.
Alternative methods for determining gender
If future parents do not want to find out the sex of the child on ultrasound, then you can navigate and analyze other indicators of the health of the mother. So, strong toxicosis in the first trimester of pregnancy indicates a girl, and his absence indicates a boy. This is proven by the research of many scientists. Nausea is caused by an increase in a hormone called chorionic gonadotropin. However, you can not rely solely on this feature.
The essence of these methods is to penetrate the female body to determine gender. They are carried out only for medical reasons, because they are dangerous. This is rare, but sometimes it is inevitable, for example, if the mother or father has a genetic disease, then the birth of a boy or girl is undesirable in order to avoid possible pathologies. There are three invasive ways, which are based on the study of chromosomes in DNA:
- chorionic biopsy (performed for a period of 8-10 weeks, the essence consists in the analysis of part of the placenta),
- amniocentesis (analysis of amniotic fluid for a period of 17-18 weeks),
- cordocentesis (analyze the blood from the fetal umbilical cord).
The advantage of these methods is their complete safety, the ability to make calculations on their own, at home. The most popular are such ways to determine the sex of the crumbs without ultrasound:
- Calculation of Chinese and Japanese tables. They can be easily found on the Internet. They are based on the month of conception, the age of the mother, the years of birth of each of the parents.
- Definition of renewal of blood of parents. Whose blood was refreshed later - this will be the baby. In women, this process takes place every 3 years, in men, in 4 years.
- Calculation for blood type.
- Calculation of the difference between the date of conception and the date of ovulation. It is proved that if sex was during or after ovulation - a son will be born, if on the contrary - a daughter.
For a long time there is a mass of various folk signs, which are trying to find out who will be born, not using the fact that now you can find out the sex of the child by ultrasound. The following are popular:
- bald men are more likely to conceive sons,
- a big strong man should count on the appearance of a girl,
- if a man is used to wearing tight clothes - there will be a boy,
- definition of the shape of the abdomen of a pregnant: oblong - son, round - daughter,
- analysis of the angle on which the abdomen bends (to the right - to the boy),
- The old omen claims that the girl takes away her mother's beauty, can change facial features,
- if the breast grows larger by the end of the pregnancy, there will be a girl
- when the girl is calm and balanced throughout the entire period of pregnancy - we should expect the appearance of a son.
Is the sex of the child visible on the ultrasound?
Future baby has sex since its inception. But you can define it much later. Most often, the floor becomes known as a result of ultrasound. From the moment of registration, a pregnant woman routinely does it three times:
- From 10 to 14 week. The study of the fetus is made for the early detection of pathologies and abnormalities, including genetic ones. Measured collar space, nasal bone, parietal-coccygeal size of the fetus, measure the frequency of contractions of the heart. It is at this time that it is possible to determine the sex of the child on an ultrasound scan for the first time by asking the specialist at the time of the procedure.
- From 20 to 24 week. A final exclusion or confirmation of the presence of pathological changes and abnormalities occurs. Weight, size of limbs, internal organs are measured. Establishes compliance with the results of pregnancy rates at this time. This is how long the child’s gender on the ultrasound will be recognized by the main number of future parents. Such information is reliable and erroneous data is practically excluded.
- From 32 to 34 week. The main goal is to study the correctness of the structure in the internal organs and systems, the umbilical cord, the definition of presentation. Such information is used to make a decision on how to conduct the generic process. This is how long you can accurately determine the sex of a child on an ultrasound scan in the case when it was not possible to obtain such information before.
After 12 weeks, the floor is visible, although such information will not be reliable. Then the baby grows and develops, all organs and systems are tracked better and clearer. At the same time, the probability of correctly attributing a fetus to a certain sex increases.
But to give an absolutely accurate answer to the question of when you can find out the sex of the child during pregnancy on an ultrasound, will not be able in some situations on a single ultrasound. Basically it is worth considering many factors in the aggregate, although sometimes on the first ultrasound you can find out the gender of the child.
How accurate is the ultrasound?
At what period of pregnancy can you find out the sex of the child on ultrasound? The answer depends on a combination of the following factors:
- What is the duration of the patient being examined. With the increase in the term, it becomes easier to see any signs of a certain gender, therefore, errors in diagnosing become less.
- On which device is carried out ultrasound. Unfortunately, many hospitals and clinics are equipped with far from modern technology, capable of in the smallest detail to consider all the necessary parameters. From what device for ultrasound to determine the sex of the child, will depend on the results and their accuracy.
- The experience of the doctor who conducts the procedure.
- Fetal location. The data obtained at any time may be unreliable, and sometimes it is not possible to obtain information. It is sometimes difficult even for professionals with years of experience to tell which ultrasound scan is used to determine the gender of a child.
Considering in the complex of the above items, it is possible to adequately assess at what time on the ultrasound determine the sex of the child most reliably. And about whether it is possible to eat ginger during early pregnancy, find here.
How long does it take to determine the sex of the baby?
After finding the birth of a new life, everyone wants to know the answer to the question: at what time can the sex of a child be determined by ultrasound?
It is possible to see belonging to a certain sex from the first planned research, but the size of the fetus is so small that there is a very high probability of erroneous conclusions.
After 13 weeks, the likelihood of misappropriation to any significantly reduced. The baby gets bigger, like all parts of the body. In the course of the ultrasound investigation, it is determined what angle is observed between the back and the sexual tubercle of the unborn child.
Based on this value, it is concluded that they belong to any gender. However, there is still a small chance of error. That's how much you can see the floor of the baby on ultrasound is much better.
After 17 weeks, the compound of the fetus is formed so that errors are excluded. It is then that most often it becomes clear the birth of a child with what sex to expect.
It is difficult to say for sure how long the sex of the child can be known by ultrasound. It turns out that after 12 weeks, signs of belonging to a certain sex are revealed, then they become more obvious.
Sex determination by analyzing the angle between the sex tubercle and the back of the baby
What month can I find out?
Consider the answer to the question: at what period of pregnancy can you determine the sex of the child on ultrasound? From the third month you will be able to get information about which sex your child will belong to. Only the reliability of such data is very low, you should not definitely believe the result.
But to answer exactly how many months you can find out the sex of the baby by ultrasound is difficult. In addition to external circumstances that affect the outcome of the procedure, fetal behavior is important. Even in the later periods, the floor is sometimes unable to determine. He is already big, everything is visible well, but he can close the visibility of the limbs.
Which week is determined for sure?
Answer the question of how long you can determine the sex of the child by ultrasound exactly, definitely will not work. Statistics differs significantly in different sources.
There are materials that show only about half of the cases of assigning a child to any sex that corresponds to reality at twelve weeks, at thirteen weeks, their value is eighty percent.
Is there a mistake?
Why is the answer to the question, at what period of pregnancy by ultrasound you can find out the sex of the child, ambiguous? What are the errors in the diagnosis?
On a routine procedure, when it is possible to determine the sex of a child by ultrasound for the first time, the measurement of the degree of the back and the sexual hillock is made. For the greatest accuracy of the data, the future child should lie strictly on the back. To catch the baby in this position can be very rare.
At what time can you see the floor of the fetus on the ultrasound more clearly? At 20 weeks, sexual signs become apparent. However, it is possible that the floor will not be installed. During the procedure, it is important that the quantity of amniotic fluid is sufficient and the fetus does not block the visibility with the arms or legs.
How to find out without ultrasound?
Now it is clear how long it will be possible to find out the sex of the child on ultrasound. But there are more procedures for determining sex without ultrasound.
You can refer to the popular methods. Take into account addiction in the first months, the presence and strength of toxicosis, changes in shape and appearance. Considered psychological state, changes in temperament. Such methods are partially informative and often have no rationale.
It is possible to use medical methods. For example, sampling and analysis of amniotic fluid, umbilical cord blood. A biopsy of chorionic fibers is performed. The accuracy of such methods reaches 99%.
How long does it take to see the baby’s sex on the ultrasound? At least from 12 weeks. And after 8 weeks you can conduct a blood test on the markers. The accuracy of the data increases with increasing gestational age. The disadvantage of this analysis is to conduct it only on a fee basis.
There are mathematical methods, and table methods are used in Japan and the Ancient East. Their accuracy is about sixty percent.
Many women try to podgadat time of sexual intercourse for the period before the onset of ovulation, if they want to have a girl. It is believed that conception on the day of ovulation is associated with the birth of a boy. However, it is possible to understand what the sex of the baby depends on, without various beliefs and will. For the sex of the unborn child are responsible not the days of the cycle of the woman, not the diet and the coincidence of the periods of blood renewal in the parents, but the man. And alone: the germ cells (sperm) can be carriers of the female set of chromosomes (XX) or male (XY).
Who is born, is determined immediately at the moment of conception. It depends on what sperm could get to the egg and fertilize it. Carrier XX guarantees the birth of a girl, carrier XY - a boy. From the woman in the matter of planning the floor absolutely nothing. Her chromosome set is always the same - XX.
Immediately after fertilization at the chromosomal level, the sex of the child, the color of his eyes, hair, approximate height, ability and health status are determined. All this and other information is contained in the DNA. From the moment of conception, interesting and rapid processes of cell division begin (germ formation). Genital cells are formed on the 5th week of pregnancy, but the sex glands, despite the fact that the sex is already predetermined, begin to form only on the 7th week of pregnancy according to obstetric period (from the first day of the last menstruation).
Two weeks later, the embryo formed ovaries (if it is a girl) or testicles (if the boy was conceived). And those and other sex glands are formed in the abdomen of the baby. There is 8 obstetric week (6 weeks from conception). The formation of gender differences in boys is somewhat accelerated. Already by the middle of the 8th obstetric week, their testicles begin to produce testosterone (the male sex hormone). Under its action, the internal reproductive system begins to be actively laid.
External signs of gender, children acquire only 10-11 week of her mother's pregnancy. It is difficult to distinguish a boy from a girl on this term. Externally, the genitals of those and others are exactly the same. They are a sexual tubercle, which under the influence of steroid hormones in boys turns into the penis, and in girls - into the clitoris. This happens around 12 weeks of gestation.
Connection with ovulation
It is believed that spermatozoa with a "gentleman's" set of XY are faster and more agile, and cells with female twentieth are resilient, because the girl needs to be conceived before ovulation, the boy right at the moment of ovulation. In fact, sperm with any set of chromosomes have approximately the same viability, activity and endurance. Sexual intercourse before ovulation cannot guarantee a girl, as a boy cannot guarantee on the day of ovulation. The probability of 50/50 and other options are excluded.
The people strongly argued that a man older than a woman has a better chance of conceiving a boy. If the situation is reversed, girls are more likely to appear in their couple. From the point of view of evidence-based medicine, this statement is not based on anything.
Although a few years ago a scientific work on this topic was published by British scientists, who suggested that the age of the parents plays a role in relation to the firstborn. The statistics given by them made it possible to judge the probability of such a dependence at 30-35%. Not so much to be considered an infallible truth.
Season, Rh factor and the nature of parents
Winter, spring or summer do not affect the production of a man of one or another sperm, and therefore the probability of conceiving a boy or girl in a certain season is no more than prejudice.
Rhesus blood is an indicator of the presence or absence of protein present above red blood cells. On the reproductive system is negative or positive rhesus does not affect under any circumstances. The popular opinion that strong and strong-willed women are more likely to give birth to boys may be true in some cases, but there is no scientific and convincing relationship, as well as convincing statistics.
Features of the survey
What is an ultrasound today is not only known to future mothers, but also those who at least once in their lives passed the examination of the state of health. However, its implementation during pregnancy has a number of features. So, the first survey is carried out transvaginally, it gives the opportunity to get maximum information. That is why ultrasound during pregnancy has become widespread throughout the world. The procedure is absolutely painless and safe for both the fetus and the mother..
A condom worn on the sensor prevents infection. However, it does not affect the quality of the data.
For transvaginal ultrasound, you do not need to drink water before the procedure, but in some cases, the doctor may recommend that you drink about 0.5 liters of fluid before the first ultrasound scan to conduct an abdominal examination through the abdominal wall.
On the first ultrasound, the attending physician (with timely treatment for pregnancy) sends in the early stages - up to 14 weeks. For example, for a period of 10 or 13 weeks, when it is still impossible to discern the sex of the child. The fact is that the genitals in the embryo begin to form at the 9th week of pregnancy. The future mother of the child, male or female, is most likely to see, the doctor will be able to during the second study, which is conducted for a period of more than 15 weeks - on the second or third ultrasound.
In total, on the recommendation of the Ministry of Health, the expectant mother will be given 3 ultrasound examinations, one in each trimester. The second time the procedure is carried out at 16-17, 19-21 or 22-23 weeks and abdominal, so as not to harm the child. The fruit by this time is already of sufficient size, and the genitals, although they continue to form, are already clearly different. Therefore, the doctor can answer the question “boy or girl” with greater confidence, and it becomes more difficult to confuse the sex of the child.
The third ultrasound is performed at later stages of pregnancy, usually after 27, 26 and 29 weeks - at 31.32, 33 or even 37 - allows you to determine whether the child is developing normally, his height, weight, and even some individual characteristics. For example, the shape of the face. In some cases, the doctor leading the pregnancy, prescribes a third ultrasound in a slightly earlier period - 24 or 26-27 weeks. But even during this period it is already much easier for a doctor to distinguish a boy from a girl. During the third study, it is easier to understand the sex of the child, since the baby is almost fully formed.
How long can you determine the gender?
Parents are not only concerned about sex, but also the health of the child, and ultrasound can determine whether the fetus is developing correctly. But when asked if they want to know the sex of the baby, the absolute majority of parents answer in the affirmative. And, of course, do it as early as possible in order to determine the name and prepare for the birth of a son or daughter. But the possibilities of modern medicine are not endless: the sex of the child on ultrasound can be found only from a certain period of pregnancy.
Parents often try to find out the baby’s gender even during the first ultrasound examination, especially if for any reason it is performed later than recommended by the Ministry of Health.
If the clinic has modern equipment and professional experience, the doctor can answer this exciting question with a certain degree of confidence on the first ultrasound scan. But up to 15 weeks the information obtained will not be accurate due to the peculiarities of the formation of the reproductive system of the fetus. Therefore, the next time parents can find out that they are expected not a boy, but a girl, or vice versa.
The sex of the child is laid at the moment of conception and depends on the set of chromosomes that the embryo receives from the father:
- The X chromosome is "responsible" for the birth of a girl,
- Y chromosome is a boy.
It is impossible to change the sex of a baby with the help of a future mother's diet, taking vitamins or other means, but it is difficult to determine it precisely before the 15th week of pregnancy. And the matter is not only in the qualifications of the doctor or the capabilities of the equipment, but also in the peculiarities of the intrauterine development of the baby.
A period of 15 weeks approximately corresponds to 4 months of pregnancy. It is during this period that the sex of the child is determined with a sufficient degree of confidence. In the early stages, the probability of error is higher. The closer to childbirth, the better the child’s genitals are seen on ultrasound, and in the short term it is easier to confuse the boy and girl. Even at 20, 22, 19 and 23 weeks you can make a mistake. Surely The doctor can give the most accurate answer during ultrasound in the third trimester.
Differences in the development of genital organs
By week 11, the boys form a penis from the genital tubercle, and the scrotum from the labial-scrotal tubercles located nearby. The testicles (already formed) are still in the abdominal cavity and will drop at 7-8 months. But during this period the size of the fruit is still very small, it reaches about 6 cm in length. And although girls after 8 weeks form large and small labia, and ovaries can be seen inside the abdominal cavity, it is unlikely to name the sex of the child, the doctor performing the ultrasound is unlikely to be able to with a 100 percent guarantee. Too high probability of error.
And in later periods it is rather difficult to determine a boy or a girl by looking at the monitor connected to the ultrasound machine.
Only a physician with special qualifications can correctly interpret the image received from the transducer during an ultrasound examination. And with the help of a specialist and parents are able to distinguish between obvious differences.
On the first ultrasound in boys:
- a larger and pronounced genital tubercle,
- the angle between the child’s body and the genital tubercle is more than 30 degrees.
- fairly noticeable linear folds and formations that form the penis and scrotum.
On the first ultrasound of girls:
- small genital tubercle
- the angle between it and the body is less than 30 degrees,
- several parallel folds, which form the large and small labia.
In addition to visualization of the genital organs of the fetus, there are additional signs to confirm the child’s belonging to the female or male sex. So, on the ultrasound the doctor measures the angle between the body and the genital tubercle. If this figure is more than 30 degrees, then the probability of a boy’s birth increases. If the measurements show an angle of less than 30 degrees, then most likely a girl is expected.
The second indirect sign of gender is skull shape: in future girls, it is more rounded, in boys - angular. Also, representatives of the strong half of humanity at the stage of intrauterine development are characterized by a more square jaw. The specialist pays attention to how the umbilical cord looks like, on its diameter and the volume of amniotic fluid. In most cases during pregnancy as a boy, the umbilical cord is denser and thicker, and the amniotic fluid is larger.
There is a point of view that you can determine the sex, based on the location of the fetus and placenta. If the baby is to the right of the conditional midline, then the probability of having a boy is greater;
Interestingly, this feature echoes the folk omen predicting the birth of a boy or a girl, depending on whether the “white line” - the strip of pigmented skin that appears during pregnancy - lies on the left or right of the expectant mother’s belly. If the pigmented area on the skin of the abdomen (from the navel to the pubis) is slightly to the right, then folk signs advise to wait for the son, and to the left - the daughter.
However, the reliability of this sign, as well as the location of the fetus, determined by ultrasound, while recognizing the sex of the baby while not confirmed by science. However, as a friend, the nuances concerning the shape of the abdomen, taste preferences and changes in the appearance of the future mother.
How often is ultrasound wrong in determining sex?
Wrong predictions are not always avoided. The statistics of ultrasound examinations shows that they often make mistakes with boys, and the probability of a wrong prediction can reach 50%. For penis sometimes take a pen, a knife or a loop of the umbilical cord, especially if the child moves. With girls more and more definitely.
And, of course, the longer the term, the more accurately the gender is determined:
- first, the genitals continue to form,
- secondly, the fetus becomes larger, and it is easier for the doctor to examine the necessary signs.
Therefore, it is more accurate to find out who will be born - a son or daughter, parents will be able to do an ultrasound scan, which is carried out in the third trimester.
What matters is the equipment on which the research is conducted. Modern models of devices give a clearer image, which reduces not only the likelihood of error in determining sex, but also makes it possible to study the development of the fetus in more detail, to eliminate possible pathologies.
The 3D and 4D diagnostics method, which has become widespread, is even more accurate, since the baby’s three-dimensional image is formed on the monitor and the images, and in 4D, the color image is formed. This allows us to consider not only the genitals, but (in later terms) the structure of the ears and facial contours. Often parents can see who the baby looks like.
But neither ultrasound nor 3D- and 4D-diagnostics can not give a 100 percent guarantee of determining the sex of the child. Even before birth, some babies show character and stubbornly turn away from the sensor, not allowing the doctor to visualize signs of gender. In such cases, parents will have to wait until the baby is born.
To be examined specifically to find out if a boy or girl will be born, doctors recommend only in cases when it depends on possibility of hereditary pathologies. For example, hemophilia is transmitted through the maternal line, but only men suffer from these diseases.
Ultrasound may be wrong. Sex determination is not the main purpose of the study. It is much more important to monitor the development of the fetus, in order to determine the possible pathology, and to make maximum efforts to eliminate it even before the birth of the child.
Most accurately determined the sex of the child after his birth. The first thing that mom hears is the baby’s cry, and then the doctor congratulates her on the birth of a boy or girl. However, to know a son or daughter will be born, many want much earlier. But even if the doctor called the sex of the child on ultrasound, the probability of error persists.
Participants in the thematic forums of future moms and dads, discussing this important issue, sometimes share diametrically opposed stories. In some cases, the doctor confidently talks about the boy for another 12 weeks, explaining on the monitor screen to the father present at the ultrasound the distinctive signs of the “masculinity” of his unborn child.
But some parents say that sex was identified incorrectly even at 2 and 3 ultrasound in the third trimester at 12, 16, 18 and 21 weeks. The doctor calls a boy or a girl with a certain degree of probability, for example, talks about a boy with 70 percent accuracy, and a girl is born. Moreover, the same prognosis is given by different specialists in different clinics where the expectant mother contacts. Sometimes an ultrasound scan showed the girl to the parents, and a boy is born, but such cases occur less frequently.
However, ultrasound remains the most comprehensive and informative type of non-invasive examination during pregnancy. And determining the sex of a child is rather a pleasant bonus to future parents.
How the first and second ultrasound passes during pregnancy, see the next video.
What time is the sex of the embryo detected
The key to the answer about the sex of the unborn child is the moment of the fusion of the egg with a certain sperm (conception). It is on the chromosome set of the male germ cell that further development depends on the male (Y chromosome) or female (X chromosome) type. However, in the early stages of pregnancy, this is only potential, and it cannot be determined.
What is the term determine the female or male sex of the child? With the development of the chorion, it is possible to do a biopsy study of its villi and, by their karyotype, determine the development of the embryo, respectively, and the set of its sex chromosomes. Such a study can be carried out at 7-10 weeks of intrauterine development, but this method is rather dangerous because of its invasiveness.
Chorionic villus biopsy is performed only according to strict medical indications, when there is a chance that the child will be born with gross congenital disorders associated with sex (hemophilia, Shereshevsky-Turner syndrome), with hereditary diseases that can significantly reduce the quality of life or be incompatible with it.
It also carries out a diagnosis of the sex of the child according to blood and urine tests in order to find out the result from about 6 weeks of gestation.
When on the ultrasound can determine the sex of the child? The possibilities of ultrasound diagnostics as a visualization method do not allow an early answer to the question of the gender of the future baby. However, this method is safe, does not cause discomfort and quite indicative. For these reasons, ultrasound is used as a screening method in each trimester. In the first trimester (usually 11–14 weeks), genitals can be shown by ultrasound, but the likelihood that the doctor can make mistakes is high (up to 50%) so that you can talk about the exact sex determination.
From 15 weeks (105 days) it is already possible to determine the sex, however, the best is the period of 23-25 weeks, when the second screening ultrasound study is conducted. Again, there is no 100% guarantee even at this time, because visualization depends on many factors: the qualifications of the researcher, the individual development of the external genital organs of the embryo, the position of the child in the womb (although at this time it has developed sufficiently in size and is still mobile) material equipment of the diagnostic department.
During the third screening, the difficulty of determining the sex already appears due to the fact that the fetus may not turn so that its external genitalia can be visualized.
If there is a need, an ultrasound examination to determine the sex of the child can be performed before the second screening, however, you need to know in advance the price and be recorded. Harm for a child it does not bring. Video and photo can be saved.
A snapshot of the genitals of the child in the 20th week of pregnancy
There are various folk, homemade ways of determining whether the parents will have a boy or a girl, including prediction before pregnancy.
Some of the signs may be based on a change in the level of hormones in a woman’s blood under the influence of the developing sex glands. Associated with this are changes in the gastronomic preferences of a pregnant woman, the presence and severity of toxicosis, changes in heartbeat, the degree of weight gain due to the development of fatty tissue due to estrogen, increased body hair due to androgens.
There are also ways to determine the sex of a future baby through the level of chorionic gonadotropin in the urine of a pregnant woman. However, this method is rather doubtful, since the levels of the hormone hCG are individual and vary not only by the sex of the embryo.
How exactly is the sex of the embryo determined by ultrasound
The accuracy of the determination depends on the duration of the pregnancy. From the timeframe of 15 weeks, when the urogenital apparatus is visible, the floor can already be determined, but it is not worth it to once again hurry with it. Moreover, the second screening is required, and then you can tell the sex of the child with the greatest confidence.
The problem of accuracy of determination is that approximately up to 11 weeks of pregnancy, the external sexual signs of a future boy or girl do not differ. This is due to the fact that they develop from identical buds (genital tubercle and labial scrotal tubercles).
From the eleventh week of pregnancy, girls begin to form large labia, and in boys, labial-scrotal tubercles give rise to the scrotum. Also at this time the penis begins to masculinize, increasing in size. In girls, the sexual tubercle gives rise to the clitoris.
This is due to the fact that two identical muscle pairs are involved in the formation of both anatomical structures: sciatic-cavernous and bulbous-spongy, as well as the cavernous and spongy body. This explains one source for the development of sex structures. However, boys are more developed and these muscles, and the cavernous with spongy body, which leads to larger penis size over the clitoris.
Comparison of images of the genital organs of the fetus female and male
Obviously, the possibility of determining the sex of a fetus is related to the difference in these structures in a developing female or male body, therefore, it is possible to determine the sex of a child by ultrasound in the most accurate way possible during pregnancy and the development of the baby.
To optimize the course of the study, it is better to prepare for it in advance: exclude gas-forming products, such as bakery products, carbonated beverages, legumes, dairy products, in 2 days. It is possible to use enterosorbent (activated carbon, espumizan, etc.) before the procedure.
Signs of different gender
The development of the girl and the boy in the womb occurs in different ways from the same buds. Girls are characterized by the development of large and small labia of the labial-scrotal tubercle, as well as the development of the clitoris of the genital tubercle. The boy's development goes like this: from the labial scrotal tubercles the scrotum develops, into which the seed glands fall into the scrotum at 8-9 months of gestation, and the penis is formed from the sexual tubercle. For these differences, differentiation signs are formed that can be identified from the fifteenth week of pregnancy, but the possibility of their erroneousness is allowed.
In boys, the scrotum is distinguishable, which is somewhat larger than the labia majora in girls for a given week of pregnancy. In girls in the perianal region, two pairs of bands are defined - these are the large and small labia. If they swell a little, they can be like a scrotum.
On the contrary, during the study, boys can pinch their genitals with their legs, thereby reducing their size, and they become similar to women’s. Therefore, there may be an error in determining the sex of the future baby.
The angle of deviation of the derivative of the genital tubercle and the back. If the angle of deviation is more than 30 degrees, then it develops the penis, if less than 30 degrees, then - the clitoris. Here the difficulty lies in the fact that you need to find a suitable position of the fetus. Doctors say that during the ultrasound the fetus activity increases, making it more difficult. Sometimes it takes a lot of time to reach the desired position of the fetus, because the baby doesn’t always turn in a way that is convenient for examination. This sign is very reliable.
Methods for determining the sex of a child from a survey image
3. Also a derivative of the genital tubercle in a developing male body is larger for a given week of pregnancy than a girl’s. This feature may not be displayed clearly.
The definition of gender can be very important for every pregnant mommy, not only out of curiosity, but also in connection with family planning, with the possible risk of hereditary pathologies and congenital defects. The modern possibilities of ultrasound diagnostics, as can be seen, make it possible with the greatest probability in a sufficiently early period to show whether the parents will have a boy or a girl.