The basis of the controversy about the benefits and harms of circumcision was the debate about how much more sensitive the penis of a man who was not circumcised. Does the growth of the mucous membrane reduce the threshold of pleasure in a man during sexual intercourse, and its presence can add pleasant sensations? Opinions are divided. Male circumcision (reviews after surgery to remove the foreskin are generally positive) does not cause any special problems associated with a decrease in the sensitivity of the penis. Studies in the field of sexual relations are conducted quite rarely and are very few. Therefore, it remains in doubt what circumcision means for this sphere of human life, and whether it is capable of disturbing the harmony of the senses. For example, those who do not have foreskin, did not feel any violations in the vicinity. On the contrary, the operation contributes to a longer sexual intercourse. Therefore, the advantages of circumcision from this point of view are obvious.
"Extra" skin properties
The truth is that the foreskin is a unique material that resembles a tissue with an unusual cellular structure - it is called fibroblast. It is able to grow and perform the function of the skin. These properties were used in the development of two companies that create new materials using special technologies. They are able to restore the skin of people affected by the fire, heal ulcers in people suffering from diabetes. A specialist in creating new materials said that a fragment of the foreskin makes it possible to grow a piece of new skin. the area of which would be comparable to the area of two football fields, and this work is carried out on the basis of material with an unusual cellular structure. And only after the conducted research, many began to understand how important body parts were lost.
Impossibility of recovery
It is still unclear what exactly circumcision in males deprives of. Before and after the operation it is necessary to take into account that this material will be lost forever and cannot be restored. No stretch marks can replace natural skin. Replacing the lost by something artificial is the best that men can count on if they want to restore the foreskin. But it is impossible to restore the nerve endings and sensitivity of the sexual organ, as well as muscle tissue, which covered the foreskin. This feature will be lost forever.
Some parents pay tribute to fashion when they agree to circumcision of the foreskin of their sons. It seems to them that the procedure improves the appearance of the penis, and some fathers want their sons to become like them. A small child is indifferent to the type of his body, and the term “circumcised or not circumcised” causes unpleasant associations. Most people agree that you can not make a decision in favor of fashion.
Benefit from surgery
Circumcision for adult men suggests several reasons for it. First, if there is a crack in the foreskin, the man experiences pain during the removal of the damaged tissue. Such trauma can be prevented in infancy. Doctors believe that the fissure of the foreskin is the most innocent of problems that can be prevented in advance by circumcision. It is believed that the operation reduces the likelihood of penile cancer in adult males. Indeed, if circumcision is done in men, reviews after surgery do not indicate the occurrence of genital cancer. This form of the disease they simply do not occur. But this is not an argument, because the disease is already quite rare. The risk of penile cancer occurs only in those men who never remove the foreskin and have chronic diseases, and sometimes a whole bunch of infections.
Dispute between supporters and opponents of circumcision
The probability of infection among babies who have been circumcised is in the first year of their life 1 case per 1000. The number of infected adult men who did not undergo surgery was only 1 per 100 people. All arising inflammations can be cured with the help of special creams, without resorting to the removal of the foreskin. Another argument in favor of circumcision is as follows: a man who has a penis covered by the foreskin makes it easier to acquire and transmit venereal diseases, in particular, HIV. In the presence of the foreskin, the viruses fall on the mucous membrane and remain viable in small cracks and scratches on its surface, but this is just a guess. According to studies, a factor in human behavior, not circumcision, is the price of direct risk of getting sick. Probably not the presence of foreskin, and promiscuous and unprotected sexual contact are the causes of dangerous diseases.
Circumcision is performed in infancy so that the boy does not experience painful feelings later in life. An adult experiences severe pain when circumcision occurs in men. Reviews after surgery with anesthesia, however, do not indicate discomfort. Most of the arguments for circumcision are based on the fact that having a foreskin creates a number of problems for a man.
Complications and risks
The main argument of the opponents of the operation comes down to the fact that they pass with complications. Often this leads to modifications of the head, the shape of which can no longer be corrected, especially if circumcision heals poorly after an unsuccessful procedure. Any surgical intervention is risky, and deaths during the operation are also known. Sometimes after the operation, the penis became shorter, and serious injuries occurred. In addition, surgery on the genitals is very painful. And if circumcision is not often performed by a doctor, then he has no skills. Most surgeons rarely remove the foreskin, and because of a lack of experience with such a doctor, patients are not able to receive expert help.
"Do no harm!"
Fortunately, complications are quite rare. Inflammation of the urinary tract and penile cancer are also rare. All arguments are not in favor of circumcision. Is this operation really necessary? One of the ancient commandments of Hippocrates, the founder of medicine, says - "Do no harm." And before taking up the scalpel, the doctor must be sure that the operation will benefit the patient or the patient will receive more benefit from the treatment than harm.
Indications for circumcision
And what does medicine say about the benefits or harms of circumcision? It all depends on how to present the information received. The risks are increasing with the preservation of the foreskin in men. All these considerations are politically motivated. But there are substantial arguments of opponents of such an ancient operation. like male circumcision. Reviews after surgery are too emotional and have no clear medical justification, which is also bad. A strange situation arises when people discuss centuries-old traditions, the expediency of which is difficult to understand. Millions of foreskin circumcision operations have already been done, but it is necessary to explain why this happens. Recent studies suggest that circumcision has positive aspects, but doctors do not have the statistics to confidently recommend the procedure to all polls.
The procedure is the partial or complete removal of a fold of skin located on the foreskin and covering the head of the penis. If earlier the removal of excess skin was carried out for social and religious reasons, now it is recommended for some medical reasons. Among the most common are various types of phimoses associated with the narrowing of the foreskin.
Often, this procedure is carried out to eliminate premature ejaculation, since the constantly open head of the penis loses sensitivity, which affects the duration of the act. The circumcision procedure serves as a preventive measure against some pathologies, oncology, AIDS, balanitis, urinary infections.
An indication for the operation for a modern man can be the presence of various deviations from the norm in the structure of the body. For example, phimosis, paraphimosis, xerotic obliterans balanitis, benign formations of the foreskin and some other problems. For adults, circumcision of the foreskin can be performed at will. After surgery, nothing prevents the free opening of the penis head. Special rehabilitation and treatment with antibiotics after circumcision is not prescribed.
Children circumcision procedure is carried out for medical reasons: difficulty urinating, inflammation of the foreskin, which are of a chronic nature.
The advantages of circumcision in some cases are in reducing the risk of developing and developing urinary tract infections. It also simplifies the hygiene of men. The price for circumcision in Russia ranges from 15 thousand rubles.
Circumcision among Jews takes place without any conditions, only because this is the order of tradition. Everything is predetermined. This phenomenon in the Jewish faith symbolizes the agreement between man and god. The rite has become an integral part of the culture, and even unbelieving Jews insist that circumcision be done to their sons. The first to conclude an agreement with the Lord was Abraham, and since he is the patriarch of Islam, the rite passed into the Muslim culture. It happened that circumcision is done at different ages in Indonesia, Saudi Arabia and Egypt. Sometimes they are circumcised (the age of the child is shocking at the same time) on the 7th day after birth, sometimes it is postponed until adulthood. Islam does not give clear guidance on the timing of the ritual.
Circumcision has become an integral part of the culture of many nations, this procedure is over 4000 years old. Even those who oppose surgery in infancy for medical reasons attach great importance to this religious rite. It is believed that all Jewish boys must undergo this ritual. Circumcision among the Jews is an integral part of the culture of the people, for them it is a very simple and completely safe operation. And it is useless to refer to the Bible, if a group of people believes that the ceremony is part of their religion.
Male circumcision: a tribute to religion or necessity?
Circumcision of the foreskin in men is called circumcision in men, and it is carried out in the form of its complete surgical removal. This procedure originates from the time of the ancient Jews and Muslims who performed it as a religious ritual, cutting off male children at an early age.
Today, not every man agrees to conduct a circumcision. According to some studies, about 20% of the male population of the whole world decide to be circumcised, following in the wake of their partners, who are dissatisfied with the unattractive kind of wrinkled skin on the head of the penis.
However, the meaning of circumcision should not be seen only in the aesthetic aspect. One of the medical indications, when circumcision becomes a necessity, is phimosis, a disease that interferes with the normal exposure of the head in a relaxed state and during sexual intercourse. Since there is no such pathology for drug and folk treatment, the only way out is circumcision.
Arguments for circumcision
As you know, under the foreskin of men accumulates smegma - a kind of lubricant, the accumulation of which, in violation of the rules of personal hygiene, turns into a nutrient medium for pathogens. Circumcision solves this problem by helping to keep a man’s dignity clean.
According to observations of venereologists, men with circumcised flesh are rarely infected with gonorrhea and syphilis. And although there is no direct connection between infection with these diseases and the absence or presence of flesh, both doctors and their patients understand only one thing - facilitating compliance with the rules of hygiene has become a kind of STD prevention.
In old age, circumcision can be useful in the case when the foreskin has grown together with the head due to the long absence of sex life. Considering that such a problem makes it difficult to urinate and complicates hygienic care, it can be concluded that circumcision becomes an important necessity.
Excision of the foreskin
The reason for this procedure may be religious traditions, medical indications or a desire to improve the appearance of the sexual organ. According to various statistical sources, from 15% to 25% of men of different ages and nationality underwent surgical intervention to remove the foreskin. Some are still convinced that cutting is the prerogative of Jews and Muslims, but in reality this is not the case. Nowadays, the procedure is widespread among the European population.
Circumcision may be for religious purposes or for medical reasons.
The first circumcision was carried out in Egypt more than 2000 years BC. After the emergence and spread of maternity hospitals, which only women from the upper class had access to, the trimmed penis became an indicator of the status of a man. Circulation was performed for all newborn boys who were born in the hospital. For this reason, many husbands tried to find a place in the hospital for the wife, so that the future heir would immediately receive a marker of belonging to a wealthy family.
Why do circulation
Removal of the foreskin of the penis is done for various reasons. The procedure is traditional in the Muslim and Jewish religions. Catholics and Orthodox celebrate the Day of the Circumcision of the Lord, which is traditionally celebrated on January 14th. Among the reasons not related to religious rites, the following can be singled out:
- doctor's recommendation
- reducing the likelihood of contracting a genital infection,
- preventive measure.
According to their national tradition, the Jews circumcise the foreskin of weekly babies. Muslims perform the procedure in age ranges from birth to 3 years and from 8 to 14 years. Among adherents of this operation, there is a perception that intervention only makes sense if it is carried out up to 12 years: ostensibly only up to this age, the operation can bring a positive result.
To understand why circumcision of a member is part of the Jewish tradition, one should turn to the history and culture of the Jews. The procedure can be performed at any age, but most often it is performed on the eighth day of the boy's life. The ritual carries both physiological and social meaning at the same time: after removing the leathery fold, the baby is considered a full-fledged member of the Jewish community.
The tradition of circumcision arose among Muslims due to the fact that they were forced to live in the sweltering heat
Muslims, on the other hand, needed a surgery at a time when they were forced to live in the sweltering heat of the desert. Such conditions increase the risk of inflammation and infection of the genital organs. Circumcision of the penis as a measure of prevention significantly simplified the intimate hygiene of Muslims.
The procedure can be carried out according to the prescription of a doctor for those infant boys who suffer from deaf phimosis. The space under the skin fold around the head of the penis is an ideal place for the reproduction of pathogenic bacteria, and running phimosis can lead to urinary incontinence, urethritis and other unpleasant consequences.
Removing the foreskin significantly reduces the risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases, and also reduces the secretion of smegma.
Genital hygiene is much easier after circumcision.
After removing the skin, the head of the penis opens, and sex begins to bring new pleasant sensations. This is another reason adult men are circumcised. The main thing is to choose an experienced competent surgeon and fully implement all his recommendations after the operation. In no case should not try to carry out their own circumcision at home.
The benefits of circumcision
Circulation has long become a popular intervention among men of all ages and nationalities. Like any procedure, it has advantages and disadvantages. The advantages of circumcision include the following characteristics:
- Although circumcision and leaves a thin brown scar, the appearance of the penis becomes much better.
- The increase in the duration of sexual contact (the sensitivity of the head is slightly reduced, so ejaculation does not occur any longer).
- Keeping intimate hygiene after skin removal becomes much easier.
- Reducing the likelihood of contracting AIDS. It is the mucous coat of the foreskin that is most often subjected to injury, which facilitates the penetration of the virus into the body. The fact is that the mucous membrane, which is located on the inner side of the foreskin, contains special cells called "Langerhans cells". This is the type of cell that is highly susceptible to HIV infection.
- Снижения вероятности заражения партнерши ВПЧ (вирус папилломы человека) и венерическими заболеваниями. К слову, ВПЧ может провоцировать развитие онкологических заболеваний.
- Превентивная мера для недопущения воспаления и болезней органов мочеполовой системы – место под крайней плотью является отличной средой для размножения патогенных микробов, которые через уретру проникают в предстательную железу и провоцируют множество заболеваний.
Некоторые специалисты полагают, что циркумизация является профилактикой онкологического поражения полового члена. Однако эта теория не имеет научного подтверждения.
В 19 веке врачи считали, что с помощью обрезания можно вылечить что угодно: от лихорадки для паралича. Of course, this method of healing has no scientific basis.
The disadvantages of circumcision
In addition to the advantages, the operation has a number of minuses:
- The need for a more thorough approach to penis hygiene - the foreskin no longer protects the head.
- Abnormal bleeding may occur after the procedure. Possible external infection of the wound surface and the occurrence of inflammation.
- Some argue that circumcision is unnatural and contrary to human nature.
Many believe that the procedure is a bit unnatural.
Men often experience many fears before surgery. But if the surgeon has enough experience in such interventions, there is nothing to fear - the removal of the foreskin of men is absolutely safe.
How is the circulation
The operation consists of excision of the foreskin along a circular contour. Before the procedure, it is necessary to pass general and biochemical blood tests, urinalysis, test for hepatitis, HIV, syphilis and coagulogram. Also, the patient will make an electrocardiogram.
The intervention is carried out in the supine position and takes approximately one hour.
Both general and local anesthesia is used. With local anesthesia, the anesthesiologist will make injections at the site of surgery. Such anesthesia is called "circular infiltration anesthesia."
The operation is performed in the supine position with general or local anesthesia.
The surgeon makes a circular incision of the skin at the level of the lower contour of the penis head. On the edge of the cut-off flesh, clamps are attached that pull the skin to the periphery. After that, at the level of the edge of the head, the flesh is again excised in a circle, but from the inside. The surgeon removes the cut skin.
Bleeding is stopped and stitched in order to connect the outer and inner sheets of the foreskin. There is no need to remove stitches, since absorbable sutures are most often used. The doctor puts a sterile bandage on the penis. Full recovery occurs in a couple of weeks.
The duration of healing and recovery after surgery may vary. As a rule, doctors recommend to abstain from intimate intimacy for one to two months to eliminate the risk of infection and injury to the penis.
But to be afraid of the fact that the seams may break up is not at all worth it. The level of modern medicine virtually eliminates this possibility. If the healing of the wound surface is normal, the bandage is removed after 10-14 days. In the case of edema, you will have to make special baths that are made from a glass of oxen and a teaspoon of salt. At the time of healing, the doctor will prescribe the use of special drugs that are designed to speed up the process of tightening the wound.
The doctor will prescribe the necessary drugs that promote rapid healing.
If the nodule appears, the penis is washed with a weak solution of potassium permanganate and a special ointment is applied. In such a situation, it is necessary to do the dressing several times a day until the symptoms of inflammation have passed. After the healing process continues at a normal pace, dressing is done once a day.
Before removing the dressing, the bandage must be thoroughly soaked in warm water. Dried bandages can damage a healing suture and remove pain.
Recommendations for the period of healing
After successful surgery, it is necessary to carefully follow all the recommendations of the doctor. Following these rules will significantly speed up the process of wound healing:
- bed rest for 7 days,
- careful hygiene of the penis,
- exclusion of sports training for 2-5 months,
- wearing special linen made of natural cotton fabric, not constraining the genitals.
Sex acts are prohibited for two months. After healing, it is recommended to use a condom for another couple of months, until the penis is fully healed.
If any disturbing symptoms appear, you should immediately consult a specialist to prevent the development of complications.
Contraindications to circularization
The presence of even a benign tumor is a serious obstacle to circumcision. The procedure is not carried out by those who have warts, condylomas, papillomas, etc. Physiological features of the structure of the penis and its injuries are also a contraindication to surgery. The presence of pathologies of the urinary and genital systems also implies the rejection of surgical intervention.
Those who are interested in what the penis looks like after circumcision will be satisfied with numerous photos. If you want to admire the spectacle live, you will have to decide on the operation of circumcision of the foreskin.
What do you get from circumcision
Phimosis and inflammation will no longer cause you inconvenience, since you will not have a cavity in which bacteria are collected.
According to reviews of patients, circumcision does not just prolong the time of intimacy, but restores high-quality sex.
For 62% of women, a circumcised man is a more desirable partner (statistics from an independent survey of people in Russia in 2015).
Types of circumcision
Penis after normal circumcision
- The most common type of circumcision
- Solves problems with phimosis and inflammations.
- The suture is done immediately behind the head of the penis.
- Perhaps leaving or removing the bridle
- Complete healing after 7 days
Penis after partial circumcision
- Popular type of circumcision for inflammations
- The location of the suture is chosen by the patient.
- Unobstructed opening of the head of the penis
- Perhaps leaving or removing the bridle
- Complete healing after 7 days
Penis after tight circumcision
- Circumcision for new sexual sensations
- The location of the suture is chosen by the patient.
- Tight tension of the skin of the penis during erection
- Bridle removal included in the price
- Complete healing after 10 days
Operation modern radio wave scalpel
The advantages of the radio wave scalpel:
- - The most exact cut 0.3 mm thick.
- - No bleeding
- - Lack of pain during dressings
- - Fast healing in 10 days
- - Lack of probability of infection
The Soring bipolar radiowave scalpel is the latest advancement of medical surgical techniques in the area of circumcision. This scalpel is used for circumcisions in clinics in Germany and the USA.
All manipulations are carried out at a distance, the low-temperature radio flows of high frequency replace the surgical knife. Under the influence of waves, the fabrics are gently moved apart. The incision is the most accurate, the skin does not suffer from overheating, the vessels do not bleed, and the microbes that happen to be in the place of the operation instantly die.
But there are people who hold a different point of view. They have suffered from the operation and want the state to protect their point of view. So, male circumcision, before and after it, has remained a topic of controversy for centuries. It is based on religious beliefs, cultural traditions, experiences and scientific studies. Science believes that circumcision has its positive aspects, and they are not indisputable. The operation may damage the health of the man, but even this view is disputed. And which point of view is correct, the parents of the child will decide. Their choice will depend on religious beliefs, traditions of society and personal considerations. The debate will continue, and research shows that this operation will remain the most common in those countries where circumcision is to comply with the laws of society.
Why do circumcision for men?
Doctors determine a number of reasons for which the circumcision is carried out: medical, religious, cosmetic and preventive (to improve men's health and reproductive health of the partner).
For medical reasons, circumcision is performed if the following pathologies are identified:
- phimosis is a narrow foreskin that prevents painless exposure of the penis head,
- paraphimosis - a complication of phimosis, pinching of the head of the penis constricted foreskin,
- bridle injury leading to cicatricial transformation of the foreskin,
- premature ejaculation. Circumcision of the penis allows to reduce the sensitive impulses during sexual intercourse, thereby prolonging it and delaying the moment of orgasm,
- chronic balanoposthitis - a long-term current infection in the glans penis, causing persistent violations of urination,
- excess foreskin.
The operation is not recommended in the presence of severe somatic diseases (their adequate correction is required). It is also worth temporarily to postpone intervention when:
- common infections
- inflammation of the genitals in the active phase,
- reduced blood clotting.
In these situations, pre-treatment is carried out, and then a circulation is planned.
The postoperative period after circumcision
The result of the circumcision is immediately noticeable. Recovery after surgery takes 2 weeks. Only then is sexual intimacy permitted. Until complete healing, not only sex is prohibited, but also masturbation, as microtrauma may occur, which easily inflamed. Also recommended:
- not wearing tight underwear that violates the blood and lymph circulation in the pelvis,
- do not lift weights (minimum 3 days)
- take special baths, accelerating the healing process.
The operation is well tolerated. Complications are extremely rare (less than 10% of cases). As a rule, this is wound suppuration due to violation of hygiene rules, non-abstinence from sexual contact, or a general decrease in the body's protective reserves.
Where is circumcision done to men?
Circumcision in St. Petersburg using laser and electrocoagulation can be performed at the MedProsvet clinic, which is equipped with modern equipment. We employ only experienced qualified professionals who provide the full range of services.
Why did they even begin circumcision?
Circumcision is one of the oldest surgical practices that people have resorted to so far. The earliest records of her were found in an Egyptian tomb about 2,300 years old. e.
Did this procedure with different goals. For example, Jews, because it is written in the holy book of Torah: “This is my covenant, which you must keep between me, and between you, and between your descendants after you [in their generations]: let the whole man’s sex be with you (Genesis 17: 10-14).
The Christian men are also instructed by the Bible to be circumcised, but because of debates about whether the pagans who came to the church should do this, the rite gradually lost its meaning and was actually replaced by baptism.
Muslims are also circumcised as proof of their relationship with God. And although the Quran does not say Circumcision. In: The Catholic encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company. of the need for a procedure, this is a mandatory requirement in order to make a hajj to Mecca Religious circumcision: a Muslim view. .
The Aztecs, Mayas, Indigenous Australians, various African peoples and other ethnic groups also practice circumcision as a rite of initiation of Male circumcision. Global trends and determinants of prevalence, safety and acceptability. , although initially it could be a test of courage and endurance.
Depending on the nationality, the procedure is done either in infancy or when the social role changes: from boy to man.
For example, in Uganda, a boy stands upright on his feet during the rite, the other man’s foreskin is cut off with several knives. Naturally, everything is done without anesthesia, the boy should not show that it hurts.
Some ethnic groups, including Dogon and Dowayo from West Africa, are considering Anthropology and circumcision. Annu Rev Anthropol. the foreskin as the female element of the penis, the removal of which (along with the passage of certain tests) displaces the child Ritual circumcision (Umkhwetha) amongst the Xhosa of the Ciskei from the man. .
Clear. And why continue to do now?
In general, the reasons remain the same. 62.1% of men are circumcised for religious reasons. Estimation of country-specific and global prevalence of male circumcision. , the rest - on cultural, medical, family (parents do circumcision babies). Only about 39% of men in the world are clipped Estimation of country-specific and global prevalence of male circumcision. .
In Russia, this indicator is much less than in other countries - 11.8%. But even this is almost 8 million.
For comparison, in the United States, 71.2% of men were circumcised. This is the second most popular procedure in the country for babies. In the first place is vaccination.
Medical circumcision in the 21st century has become very popular. It is even recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics Estimation of country-specific and global prevalence of male circumcision. .
And what's the catch?
Medical circumcision has a lot of questions.
The Egyptians did this also for medical purposes: in drought it was hard to follow all the necessary rules of hygiene, it was easier to get rid of foreskin.
However, this is also a hitch: the current level of development of medicine and technology has changed significantly, circumcision for medical reasons is far less meaning than is commonly believed. The foreskin is not excess skin on the penis, it has its own functions.
What is the foreskin for?
She has many functions. The main three - protective, immune and erogenous.
The foreskin is a special erogenous zone. It contains a rich and complex network of nerves. Both the internal and external folds of the foreskin have a more dense distribution of nerve endings than the rest of the penis Immunological functions of the human prepuce. .
The rich innervation of the inner part of the foreskin contrasts sharply with the sensory possibilities of the head of the penis. On it, the nerve endings are very close to the surface. This leads to the fact that the direct effect can be felt unpleasantly saturated or painful.
A double layer of foreskin allows the skin of the penis to slide freely and smoothly over the head. One of the functions of the foreskin is to facilitate movement between the surfaces of the mucous membranes of the two partners. It allows you to slide the penis into the vagina directly inside your own shell.
Normal circumcision removes most of these sensitive areas, drastically weakens the penis and immobilizes all remnants of the foreskin.
The loss of a self-lubricating protective mobile two-layer fold and a gap for smooth friction leads to erasure and injury to Immunological functions of the human prepuce. . Also, a circumcised man may need more intensive action to achieve orgasm. For this reason, a circumcised penis is more likely to cause microcracks, abrasions and lacerations in the vagina or rectum, and through them HIV in the semen can come into contact with blood.
The glands present in the foreskin secrete lubricant and protect against infections. The antimicrobial enzyme lysozyme in these secretions acts against harmful microorganisms Phimosis in Children. .
In fact, the circumcised penis in the first years of a person’s life is more susceptible to infections than the uncircumcised penis. . An eye without a century will not be more pure. The same with the penis head.
2. Phimosis and paraphimosis are excluded.
Phimosis is a narrowing of the foreskin around the head of the penis, paraphimosis is an acute form of phimosis.
Obviously, trimmed boys / men do not suffer from phimosis and even more so paraphimosis. In addition, they are less likely to suffer from balanoposthitis. But it is important to understand that if you treat the foreskin properly and observe hygiene, you can prevent all these diseases without circumcision.
In addition, scientists recently concluded Phimosis in Children. That circumcision with the aim of treating phimosis is not necessary in most cases. The condition in which the foreskin fits snugly to the head is the norm for boys up to almost 18 years old and occurs in 96% of Phimosis in Children men. .
And only in 2% phimosis takes on an extreme form when surgical intervention is required. For example, in only 11% of cases, doctors correctly identified the type of phimosis and circumcision was justified by Phimosis in Children. .
3. The probability of getting sick with penile squamous cancer is reduced.
“This cancer grows from the foreskin, and circumcision reduces the risk of its occurrence by almost 70%. No skin, no cancer. But there is one thing, - notes the urologist. - This type of cancer is very rare. To prevent one case, it is necessary to cut from 1 000 to 300 thousand boys just like that. At the moment, no one is sure that it is worth it. "
4. Reduces the risk of HPV in partners
HPV is a family of viruses that cause warts, papillomas, dysplasia (abnormal development of tissues, organs or parts of the body) or cervical cancer in humans.
Male circumcised are to a lesser extent carriers of HPV. So, subject to monogamy in the relationship of their partner, they are less likely to have cervical cancer.
5. The risk of getting HIV and genital herpes is decreasing.
Considered Circumcision reduces the risk of HIV infection by 63%. that certain bacteria live under the foreskin, which increase the risk of infection.
The doctor explains how even the foreskin can increase the risk of infection.
Biological fluids containing the virus, longer remain in contact with the skin of the glans penis due to the foreskin. HIV is relatively easy to penetrate through this thin skin, in which there are almost always microcracks or inflammations, and it invades immune cells (HIV) or neurons (herpes). All together it increases the risk of a person becoming infected.
There are several reasons against this statement. Во-первых, вирусы герпеса относятся к числу самых популярных инфекций у человека, включая оральный герпес. Он есть у 90% людей Human Herpesviruses: Biology, Therapy, and Immunoprophylaxis. , неизлечим Genital Herpes — CDC Fact Sheet. и не опасен для здоровья: у большинства заражённых вообще нет никаких симптомов Herpes Simplex Virus. World Health Organization. .
Во-вторых, для оргазма обрезанному пенису нужно совершать более активные движения, которые ведут к появлению трещин как на головке, так и во влагалище, а прямой контакт с открытой раной тоже увеличивает риск заражения ВИЧ. При этом исследования доказывают Male circumcision for HIV prevention. that circumcision reduces the risk of HIV infection by 60%. But the condom reduces it by 80% of condom effectiveness in reducing heterosexual HIV transmission. .
Moreover, circumcision in itself is not a guarantee of safe sex - contraceptives for protection against STDs and HIV will still have to be used.
Do I still have to be circumcised or not?
If we are talking about circumcision for religious reasons, it is only your choice. When it comes to surgery for the prevention of disease or simplify hygiene, it is worth soberly weigh all the chances of success.
Ask your doctor as many questions as you can about potential results, statistics, and your analyzes. Perhaps the probability of losing sensitivity will be higher than getting cancer.
If it comes to your child, then try to find out numbers from doctors. For example, how many boys before the year have urinary infections in your area?
This is not a routine procedure for getting rid of a useless skin area, but a full-fledged operation that should be carried out exclusively by specialists. You must be aware of all the possible consequences: both positive and negative.