A runny nose in a child always brings a lot of trouble to parents. Despite the discomfort that the flow of the nose or its congestion delivers, children often refuse treatment. The reason for this behavior is clear to everyone, because washing the nose is not the most pleasant procedure. To alleviate the emotional state of the child, especially with the fear of medical institutions, you can perform the procedure at home. In the article we will consider in what cases home washing is shown, what are the contraindications, how to make a solution and how to correctly perform the procedure.
The use of salt for washing the nose
The benefits of saline, especially homemade, have been known for more than a decade. The advantages of this method of dealing with a cold are the availability of ingredients, ease of preparation and use, safety in use even for newborns and the almost complete absence of contraindications.
Saline solution will help in the following situations:
- cleansing the nasal cavity from dust and other types of irritants,
- strengthening the capillaries and stimulating the work of cells,
- disinfection of the nasal cavity,
- removal of puffiness.
Nasal flushing is used when snot accumulates for a variety of reasons:
- rhinitis in acute and chronic forms
- inflammation of the adenoids,
- throat diseases.
Also, the use of saline solution is important if you need to moisturize the nasal mucosa, for the prevention of colds season or in contact with allergens. This procedure is safe even with regular frequent use. It will help not only to normalize the functioning of the nose, but also relieve from migraines, fatigue, insomnia, depression.
Especially effective is the combination of washing with the use of vasoconstrictor agents. Such treatment will quickly relieve nasal congestion and nasal flow, and the effect will last as long as possible.
When is the procedure contraindicated?
Despite all the advantages of this method of treatment, the procedure can not be all. Contraindications include:
- private nosebleeds
- blockages and polyps in the nasal cavity
- allergic reactions
- curvature of nasal septum,
- inflammatory processes in the auditory organs.
As can be seen, the list of contraindications is small. However, even in their absence, the procedure must be carried out, strictly following the technique and dosage. Otherwise, you can cause serious harm to health.
How often can I wash?
It is no secret that the saline for washing the nose (the recipe can choose any) can dry the sinuses, so the question of how to apply this tool is the most urgent. In this case, experts recommend using this solution a couple of times a week for prophylaxis.
But in cases when it comes to the inflammatory process, it is necessary to use such a remedy four weeks a day for two weeks. As for people suffering from diseases of the respiratory system chronically, such procedures should be performed regularly.
The best option would be to consult a doctor. Only he will be able to recommend the exact number of sinus washes.
How to make a saline solution for the nose, we have discussed above. Now let's talk about the devices for the procedure.
The best recipes of salt solutions for children
Saline preparation is not laborious. However, do not forget that any treatment must be agreed with your doctor. Below we will look at several popular recipes with which you can make an effective means for washing the nose at home:
- Boil 0.5 liters of pure water, add a teaspoon of sea salt there. Mix thoroughly until the crystals completely disappear and cool. If there is no sea salt on hand, then you can use cooking, but in addition you need to add a couple of drops of iodine.
- Bring a glass of water to a boil, add a tablespoon of sea salt. Cook the solution for about 3 minutes. This tool is used only for prevention.
- Take a liter of distilled water, it completely dissolve a tablespoon of salt. Stir until the crystals completely disappear.
- In a deep bowl pour 0.5 liters of boiled water. It is dissolved in a teaspoon of baking soda and salt. Such a solution is suitable for use by the cuckoo method.
It is necessary to carefully monitor the proportions in the preparation of the means for washing the nose. An overly concentrated substance can harm the mucous membrane, and a weak one will simply not do any good. Especially careful you need to be when using this method of dealing with a cold in children.
How is the nose washed baby?
The above methods are relevant only for adults, but what to do when you need to rinse your nose with a tiny one? In this case, there is one effective method, which is also very gentle, namely:
- the child should be laid on the bed so that he lay on his side,
- introduce 6 pipettes of solution into each sinus,
- give a few minutes to crumb lay down.
It is worth noting that this method has several drawbacks in the form of the inability to rinse the nose with a stream of solution. Yes, and as a result of this washing, the crumb will be forced to take a sip of the entire contents, but at the same time this method is the most optimal and gentle.
Benefits of the procedure
Nasal washing doctors recommend to all their patients, regardless of age. And if in the process of cleaning the nasal cavity to observe precautions, then you can achieve a visible positive effect in 1-2 days. In particular, the systemic procedure can reduce the risk of allergic reactions. This result is achieved due to the removal of dust, pollen and other various stimuli when washing the microparticles. Best of all, this effect is felt by people suffering from seasonal allergies.
Doctors also recommend washing the nose with saline solution to people who often suffer from infectious diseases. After all, water with salt not only allows for disinfection of the nasal cavity, but also improves the function of mucosal cells, and also strengthens the capillaries.
With a cold, the procedure will relieve swelling and ease nasal breathing. In addition, the systematic use of saline solution for rinsing the nasal cavity will significantly reduce the duration of treatment for sinusitis, sinusitis and other ailments.
Sea or cook
The effectiveness of the solution depends on the quality of the main component - sodium chloride. With a mild rhinitis, the nasal passages are washed with medicine made from table salt. Spice disinfects the mucous, not allowing bacteria to sink into the throat and bronchi.
Thick purulent discharge of a greenish or brownish tint is recommended to wash out with a solution of sea salt. Choose a food variety in which there are no flavors and colors. Chemical additives irritate the nasal mucosa, increasing swelling.
Sea salt contains minerals that make breathing easier:
- Calcium heals small cracks in the mucous membrane. Removes burning and irritation, helps with inflammation.
- Copper and iron restore the work of capillaries and small vessels. Blood circulation is normalized, swelling decreases.
- Iodine has antiseptic properties. Mineral is recommended for infectious rhinitis, bacterial rhinitis and sinusitis. The substance disinfects the nasal passages and mucous throat, improves the outflow of purulent secretions.
- Manganese boosts local immunity. Helps the body to fight with pathogens of rhinitis.
- Magnesium normalizes the nervous system and relieves spasms, which can cause swelling and congestion.
Sea salt works more efficiently than the cooked variety. No wonder pharmaceutical solutions prepared from ocean water. But if there was no sea salt at home, the usual food spice is also useful. You can use iodized variety, it also has antibacterial properties.
Liquid for solution
Rinse the nasal passages with water from the tap is prohibited. Unfiltered fluid contains bacteria. They fall on the mucous membrane, weakened by infectious or allergic rhinitis, and increase inflammation.
High-quality saline solution is obtained from distilled or mineral non-carbonated water. It is free from germs and impurities that can irritate the nasal mucosa.
If there is no filtered sterile fluid in the house, it is prepared on its own. In a ceramic or iron pot, they draw water from the tap, bring it to a boil, and stand for 4–5 hours. The top layer is gently drained and used to rinse the nose. The bottom one, in which the sediment floats, cannot be used. It is poured into the sewer.
Clean should be not only water, but also utensils designed to store household medicines. The cup or jar in which they are going to prepare the solution is washed with antibacterial soap. The container is rinsed several times so that a film of a chemical agent does not remain on the walls, and it is doused with boiling water.
Disinfect and spoon or fork, designed to stir the solution. Strain the drug through a sterile gauze, which, after use, is washed and ironed or thrown away.
Disinfection cannot be neglected. Salt will not be able to destroy all the bacteria that live on the walls of a cup or spoon. They get into the nose, increasing inflammation, and provoke an aggravation of rhinitis or sinusitis.
Important: Do not mix salt and water in stainless steel tanks and low-quality plastic. They release substances that increase irritation and swelling.
Too weak solution just washes away the purulent discharge, but does not destroy the bacteria that caused the runny nose. Concentrated burns the mucous membrane, increasing swelling and congestion. Rinse the nasal passages need five percent medicine. The tool moisturizes, heals cracks and has antiseptic properties.
The solution for an adult is prepared from a teaspoon of table salt and 500 ml of boiled or distilled water. The components are stirred until the spice is completely dissolved. If the drug consists of filtered water and sea salt, you need to take 1 tbsp. l dry ingredient.
In children, especially in newborns, the nasal mucosa is very sensitive. The composition of the solution for the child includes 5 g of salt or 10 g of sea salt and two cups of boiled water. Distilled is best not to use.
Concentrated home remedies are used in rare cases:
- with purulent sinus,
- to soften the crusts in the nose,
- to liquefy too thick discharge,
- to remove foreign objects from the nasal passages.
The solution cleans the nasal passages from dirt, washes away even coal dust. The tool is used once a day. If more often, irritation and discomfort will appear.
Concentrated salt medicine is prepared from 2.5 tsp. dry component and a half-liter can of water. The solution is washed with nasal passages and rinse the throat. Sea salt will need 2 times more. At 0.5 liter of liquid take 3-4 tsp. ingredient.
Concentrated solution should be brought to a boil. First, distilled water is poured into an enamel saucepan. The liquid is heated, then add cooking or sea salt. Stir with a wooden spoon until it boils. Pot with a means for washing the nose is removed from the stove. Wait until the solution has cooled to room temperature.
A five percent version of the drug is prepared from hot water. In a jar or cup with liquid pour a spoonful of salt, stir. Set aside for 5–10 minutes so that the particles of the dry component settle to the bottom.
Concentrated and usual solution is filtered through sterile gauze before use. The segment is folded in four and fixed on the bank. Water is poured in a trickle.
The fabric will hold small crystals of salt. Spice particles fall on the mucous membrane during rinsing, leaving small scratches on it. Bacteria penetrate cracks and wounds, which increase inflammation and slow recovery.
The solution prepared from sea salt contains all the necessary minerals: iodine, calcium, magnesium and iron. Sometimes a soda is added to the tool at the tip of the knife to enhance its antibacterial properties.
In a glass of medication from table salt dissolve 2 drops of iodine. The drug disinfects the nasal passages and maxillary sinuses, destroying the cause of rhinitis. Supplement is contraindicated for small children. It causes irritation, may cause swelling of the mucous membrane. Iodine is not used if the saline solution is intended for flushing the nose during allergic rhinitis.
Moisturize the overdried mucous and remove the burning remedy prepared from chamomile solution. In a cup of water boil a tablespoon of flowers. Warm drink filtered, mixed with 10 g of sea salt. Apply as usual solution. Instead of chamomile decoction using herbal extracts of hypericum and calendula.
Homemade medicine is heated to 29–32 degrees before the procedure. Too hot the solution burns the mucous, causing irritation and congestion. Cold reduces local immunity, leads to exacerbation of rhinitis and complications.
The solution is injected into the nasal passages with a small rubber syringe or watering can with a thin nose, with your head tilted to the left or right. The mouth during rinsing is slightly opened so that the liquid does not get into the ear canals. Head tilted to one side, and the solution is injected into the nostril, which was on top.
After the procedure, the mucosa is smeared with petroleum jelly or sea buckthorn oil. Salt medication washes away purulent secretions along with natural lubricant. There is a feeling of dryness in the nose, and sometimes a slight burning sensation. Vasoconstrictor drops are used after washing to eliminate congestion. They absorb faster and work more efficiently.
How many times a day wash your nose
Patients with infectious or bacterial rhinitis, sinusitis, or sinusitis are recommended to use saline for 1-3 weeks. A normal runny nose will remove the home remedy in 3–6 days.
With acute respiratory viral infections and colds, as well as sinus nose is washed with saline solution 4-5 times a day. For allergic edema and congestion, home remedy is used three times a day.
People working in dusty rooms are advised to handle nasal passages twice a day. If the air in your home or office is too dry, saline is used in the morning and evening to moisten the mucous membrane.
Homemade medicine is used for chronic diseases of the nasopharynx:
Nasal passages irrigate twice daily. The solution is used in the morning and evening to prevent colds, infectious and viral diseases, as well as flu.
Children wash their nose 4 times a day if they have a runny nose and mucositis. For the prevention of enough 1 procedure per day.
Patients with allergies to pollen are advised to irrigate the nasal passages after each walk in the park or the street. For washing prepare a weak solution. It gently cleanses the mucosa of allergens, but does not cause irritation with frequent use.
Saline is an effective and cheap medicine, but it is not suitable for all patients. The nose should not be flushed if the person has:
- curvature or abnormal nasal septum structure,
- bleeding occurs regularly,
- there are polyps or neoplasms
- obstruction of the nasal passages,
Saline in some patients causes allergic reactions. Mucous red and swollen, there is a burning sensation and nasal congestion, a clear liquid secretes. In such cases, you need to take an antihistamine drug and consult a doctor.
Homemade medicine can not be stored for a long time. Doctors advise before each procedure to prepare a new fluid for washing. Pharmacies sell saline counterparts that help with rhinitis and are stored for one to several months. These include:
- But salt
The budget analogue is nine percent sodium chloride. Saline is sold in glass bottles with rubber stoppers. The lid can not be removed, otherwise the drug quickly deteriorate. It is better to pierce it with a syringe and collect the required amount of money.
Saline preparation takes 5–10 minutes. You need to mix the components, chop the workpiece and strain. It will be an inexpensive antibacterial and anti-inflammatory agent that helps with allergic and infectious rhinitis, treats sinusitis and sinusitis, as well as protects against colds and viral diseases.
How often can you flush your nose?
In a healthy state, nasal hygiene is recommended every morning. The procedure helps to remove secretions accumulated during the night and to release the breath. На чистых слизистых с трудом укореняются вирусы, поэтому люди, регулярно промывающие нос, менее подвержены простудным заболеваниям.
При насморке нос очищают 4 раза в сутки. The first time is in the morning, immediately after waking up. The remaining procedures are carried out during the day, 1.5–2 hours after meals.
In order not to wash away the useful microflora from mucous membranes, it is important to use properly prepared solutions.
How to prepare the tool?
For washing, you can use diluted in water, cooking or sea salt (0.5–1 teaspoonful of stir in a glass of water). The exact amount of salt is chosen empirically. If after the first application it turns out that the solution is pinching, then the next time its concentration will need to be reduced.
Another way of cooking "sea water":
- In a glass of water, dissolve 1/2 tsp of table salt, add a pinch of soda and 3-5 drops of a 5% iodine solution.
In addition, the procedure can be carried out with weak herbal infusions:
- Mix in equal proportions of licorice, coltsfoot and calendula. A tablespoon of the mixture brew a glass of boiling water. Insist 10 minutes. Cool and strain through cheesecloth.
- 2 teaspoons of chamomile herb pour a glass of hot water. Keep in a water bath for 10-15 minutes. Cool, strain.
- Willow bark mixed in equal parts with grass series. A tablespoon of the collection to fall asleep in a thermos, brew a glass of boiling water. Insist 10-15 minutes.
Should not be used for washing broths of oak bark. The substances in this plant irritate the mucous membrane and damage the olfactory cells.
In case of sinusitis, washings with furatsilin solution are useful:
- 1/2 tablet of the drug dissolved in a glass of hot water. Strain through several layers of gauze.
Furacilin has a detrimental effect on bacteria and prevents the spread of infection from the sinuses.
The prepared solution should have a comfortable temperature of 36–37 degrees. Too cold or too hot liquid can injure mucous membranes.
As a preventive measure, it is allowed to use plain boiled water for the hygiene of the nose.
Before starting the procedure, it is necessary to clear the nose of accumulated secretions. If the congestion persists, it is necessary to drip vasoconstrictor drops.
For flushing use a syringe (20 ml), a small syringe (100 ml), a teapot or a special irrigation device, which can be purchased at the pharmacy. For one procedure, 50–70 ml of solution is sufficient.
The procedure is as follows:
- The patient needs to stand over the sink, bend forward and tilt his head to the side by 40-50 degrees.
- The solution is injected into the upper nostril, holding the breath and slightly opening the mouth. With the correct course of the procedure, the fluid should go around the nasal septum and jet out of the lower nostrils. A small amount can get into the nasopharynx and flow out through the mouth - this is considered normal.
- After washing the first solution injected into the second nostril. At the end of the procedure, they are blown out.
- To soften and moisturize irritated mucous membranes, you can drip into the nose vegetable oil (peach, apricot or olive).
Otherwise, the nose is washed to young children, who still find it difficult to explain the essence of the manipulations. In the position on the back of the child, 3-4 drops of solution are injected into each nostril. Then they ask him to blow his nose well. A newborn after instillation clean the nasal cavity with wadded wicks.
When you can not flush your nose?
Washing is not carried out with a stuffy nose. Breathing before the procedure should be more or less free, otherwise the solution will flow into the ear cavity and provoke the development of otitis. The same risk exists with a curved nasal septum or in the presence of polyps.
Other contraindications to the procedure are:
More about rinsing the nose and saline in the program “Live is great!”:
Features of the procedure
Means, which vied with telling commercials, cost a lot of money. It happens pity, and sometimes it is unwise to part with the money earned, spending it on medicines that can be prepared at home. Moreover, the simplest saline solution is an ordinary solution of sodium chloride. The answer to the question of how to prepare saline for washing the nose, lies on the surface.
You can rinse your nose with ordinary water, it is important that it is not completely cold. It is advisable to use soft water and warm it. If the hardness of the water in your area is high enough - boil it and then cool. The resulting water will not overdry the nasal mucosa. Even ordinary water, prepared according to the rules, is extremely rarely used for medicinal purposes for washing the nose, mainly it is used for prophylaxis.
Doctors use bottled mineral water to prepare saline. In exceptional situations, suitable and ordinary mineral water, but free from gas bubbles. It should be remembered that rinsing the sinuses with cold liquid is strictly prohibited.
Saline and seawater
Sea water is a real pantry of healing ingredients. Using sea water to rinse the sinuses has a magical effect on the condition of the nasopharynx. The abundance of therapeutic components relieves the nasopharynx not only from the common cold, but also from many other associated chronic diseases. Having access to real sea water, it would be very unwise to not take advantage of its healing properties.
If you live far from the sea - it does not matter. Sea salt is available at any pharmacy, and it is always helpful to have a certain amount of it in your home medicine cabinet just in case of all sorts of rhinitis.
Sea salt has the following beneficial properties:
- Destroys pathogens and prevents them from multiplying.
- Removes extraneous discharge from the nasal cavity.
- Cleans the sinuses from accumulated dust and allergens.
This natural antiseptic can be used even for children of all age groups. For them, such washing will become a real panacea, especially since sea salt does not have a vasoconstrictor effect, which is characteristic of most medical preparations and is not very useful for the organism.
Preparing a product for washing at home
How to dilute sea salt? For all the harmlessness of ingredients, allergic reactions sometimes occur, but if all the required proportions are observed, the likelihood of such manifestations is minimal.
How to make a saline solution for washing the nose:
- The first step is to prepare the water. How to do this has already been described above.
- At 0.5 liters of prepared water is taken 1 partial teaspoon (about 7 oz.) Of sea salt. The amount of salt more than 7 grams. results in a higher concentration of the solution than is allowed for safe use when flushing the nasal mucosa.
- Salt must be stirred in water, having achieved its complete dissolution.
It makes no sense to remind once again that all these procedures should be performed only with the help of clean cutlery and utensils, while at the same time it is necessary to adhere to the requirements of sterility.
From the school course of physics, we can recall one experiment. Two liquids separated by a septum have a different salt concentration.
A liquid with a lower salt concentration will inevitably move towards a more concentrated one, until the concentration becomes equal. A similar situation occurs in the nasal cavity. In pure water, salt will always be less than in the nasal mucosa, which is not always suitable for rinsing. That is why the water for rinsing salt.
How to make a solution for washing the nose? In order to prevent rhinitis, high concentration solutions should be used only by people working in dusty conditions. In inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract, this solution is effective for rinsing the sinuses for medicinal purposes.
In medical practice, it is considered that 15 grams. sodium chloride on 1 l. boiled water is the ideal dosage of saline for rinsing the nose. Approximately it corresponds to 2 grams of salt per glass of water. This liquid is ideal for washing your nose at home. The reason for this rule is trivial - on average, it is this concentration of salt in our blood. Guided by the same considerations, for all saline solutions used in the preparation of intravenous preparations, such proportions are invariably preserved.
These recommendations are not strict, and the proportions of the solution with which you want to rinse the nasal cavity can be changed in accordance with the sensitivity of your nasal mucosa.
For children, this concentration of the solution will be too strong. When washing the nose, the child takes only one third of a teaspoon of salt per 250 ml of water. If the mucous membrane dries out, the amount of sodium chloride should be further reduced.
If a runny nose caught you suddenly, and there is no way to replenish your first-aid kit with sea salt bought in a pharmacy, then salt water using ordinary table salt is also quite suitable for treating adults and children.
Especially for fans of Eastern medicine, we note that the washing of the nose has been practiced by Indian yogis since time immemorial. They consider the ideal proportion of 1 teaspoon of salt to a glass of water. The recipe for such rinsing to get rid of breathing problems is passed on from generation to generation, as the most effective remedy.
If we ignore the experience of Indian yogis, we should say a few words about such a powerful tool as saline for rinsing the nose with the addition of baking soda, which greatly enhances the bactericidal properties of the solution. The dosage should be as follows: 0.5 l. Water takes half a teaspoon of sea salt and the same amount of soda. Even with the use of salt, the resulting rinse already falls into the category of therapeutic agents, and it should be done no more than 2 times a week. For prophylactic purposes, such rinsing is impractical.
Possible negative consequences. As already mentioned, the negative effects of washing should not be. But if you use untreated and unboiled water, your actions can help the disease with a new portion of pathogens, and then instead of the expected help, you will get a diametrically opposite result - the disease will only intensify.
Despite cleaning, tap water must be boiled.
Predisposition to ear diseases makes nasal washing at home extremely undesirable.
Time tested recipes
For home conditions, an aqueous solution of sea salt seems to be the most appropriate means, but everyone is trying to introduce something of their own in traditional methods. Here are a few recipes for rinsing, the most common in our area.
The recipe with table salt was and remains the simplest and most accessible means for washing the nasal cavity. A glass of boiled water with the addition of 2 grams. Sodium chloride is all you need. Salt solution may differ from the classic recipe by adding a few drops of iodine to enhance the antiseptic effect.
Recipe with added soda. Soda creates an alkaline environment in which pathogens die, and it happens quite quickly. For older school children, the concentration of salt and soda can be slightly increased.
Recipe with sea salt. Recently, kitchen sea salt has become increasingly popular. Its use is even slightly preferable to natural sea salt without additives. For the preparation of rinsing enough to take half a teaspoon of such salt, dissolve it in warm water and mix thoroughly. If sediment is found, strain the solution. Sea water initially has iodine in its composition, so nothing extra should be added to sea water.
Recipes solutions that can be used to flush the nose, there are a great many. Not all of them contain sodium chloride or baking soda. The effectiveness of their clinical use has not been adequately investigated, so when they are used there is a risk of complications.
In the hospital, the doctor has the opportunity to wash the nasal sinuses with special antiseptics. Flush the nose in this way should be a qualified technician who has access to the appropriate equipment. For washing this type of need very good reasons. At home, such procedures are strictly prohibited.
To flush the nose is necessary not only during the illness, but also to prevent its occurrence. Sodium chloride favorably affects the condition of the inner surface of the nasal cavity and respiration in general. Infections are rinsed off with the mucus when rinsing. The best part is that the solution for washing the nose at home is prepared quite simply, while saving a lot of money.
Expensive nasal products purchased from pharmacies have only one indisputable advantage over homemade rinses - this is a handy bottle with a dispenser. Manufacturers are embarking on all sorts of tricks to their tool was bought, and the convenience of the bottle, not least, serves to increase sales.
You can save such a bottle from the used purchased product and pour your own homemade salt solution there. Your health will not suffer from such a decision, but your wallet will win.
Recommendations for use
It is not enough just to prepare the solution and drip it to the child. This procedure must be carried out in accordance with special rules. The technique of nasal sinus washing is different in children of different ages. For newborn babies, there are more rules for using this tool than for preschoolers. Therefore, before use, you must carefully listen to the recommendations of the doctor.
How to wash the nose baby?
Washing the nose of an infant has several nuances. The usual procedure, which consists in the supply of saline solution under pressure, is contraindicated to babies. It is able to provoke otitis. To alleviate the condition of the child, you can use only a pipette, a nasal aspirator or a spray-shower.
To treat a runny nose, children under one year of age must comply with a number of rules:
- all procedures are carried out only after consultation with the pediatrician,
- you can only use a ready-made saline solution or 0.9% saline,
- if you decide to prepare the product at home, you only need to use boiled water,
- the washing liquid should be warm enough - about 37 degrees,
- you should rinse your nose regularly, remembering to free it from mucus before bedtime and feeding,
- during rinsing in the mouth, the baby should not have anything stranger - neither the nipple, nor the bottle,
- the procedure is carried out lying on the head of the child should be raised.
Do not be afraid of the violent reaction of the baby, especially not to interrupt treatment. The appearance of coughing and crying is a natural reaction. Only regular washing helps to quickly get rid of the disease and prevent the development of complications.
Washing rules for children over 2 years old
For older children, you can use a syringe or syringe. These tools are sold at any pharmacy. You can rinse the nose of a child from 2 to 4 years old by following the following algorithm:
- Prepare in advance the solution for washing the nose at a comfortable temperature.
- Type in a syringe or a pear.
- Put the child in front of the sink or bath and tilt your head slightly forward.
- Carefully insert the tip of the instrument into the nasal passage and apply a small amount of pressure. Repeat the procedure for the second nostril.
You can wash the nose of older children in another way:
- put the child on his back, throw back his head a little,
- in case of difficulty breathing, pour the solution into one nostril - it will come out through the mouth,
- repeat the procedure for the second sinus.
Use of sea salt
Talking about the benefits of marine salt water for the respiratory system is probably inappropriate, as everyone knows about it. Therefore, if at home there is sea salt without essential oils and flavors, you need to use it for the preparation of funds. Such a drug can not only cope with acute ailments of the upper respiratory tract, but also help in the treatment of chronic forms of disease.
There are several options for the preparation of tools, but we will focus on the most popular. So, 4 grams of sea salt should be dissolved in 400 grams of cooled boiled water. You can not boil the water, but only pre-filter it. This solution can be used by both adults and children.
For those people who are often in dusty areas, it is better to prepare a hypercentrated saline solution for the nose. Its recipe is simple: for 200 g of water, take 15 g of sea salt (approximately 2 tsp). It is impossible to abuse the use of this drug, as this leads to drying out of the nasal mucosa.
For chronic and acute sinusitis, as well as inflammations of varying complexity, 15 g of sea salt should be diluted in 1 liter of water. The tool can be used not only for washing the nose, but also for the throat.
If the procedure is necessary for the child, a more gentle solution should be prepared. На стакан воды берут ¼ ч. л. морской соли.
Как приготовить средство для полоскания из поваренной соли?
Если морского продукта под рукой нет, отчаиваться не стоит. Солевой раствор для промывания носа можно приготовить и с обычной поваренной солью. Однако на глаз рассчитывать пропорции не стоит, так как неверная концентрация средства может быть опасна. The most ideal option for doctors is to dilute 7 grams of table salt in a glass (200-230 g) of water.
In case of infectious diseases, the washing of the nose with soda-saline solution is effective. For its preparation will need a glass of water, ½ teaspoon of soda and the same amount of salt. Since this tool has a pronounced bactericidal effect, it is used only in the treatment of ailments. In the hygienic and preventive purposes such soda-saline solution for rinsing the nose is prohibited.
How to do the washing?
Today, in any pharmacy, you can purchase devices for washing the nasal cavity. It is preferable for this procedure to purchase a special vessel (watering can), which in its appearance resembles a small kettle. But if the house has a sterile syringe-pear or syringe for injection, they can also be used.
Variants of the procedure a lot, but consider the three most common and affordable. The first involves the use of vessel-watering. The patient should lean over the sink or basin, turn the head slightly to the side and slightly open the mouth. A saline solution is poured into the above nasal passage, which, together with mucus, is poured from the second nostril. After that, the position of the head is changed and the procedure is repeated.
The second method involves the complete cleaning of the nasopharynx from pathogenic contents. A person slightly throws back his head and sticks out his tongue a little, then in turn, in each nasal passage he injects saline solution and spits it out through his mouth.
If special devices for the procedure are not at hand, you can make everything much easier. You just need to collect the liquid in the palm of your hand, draw it into your nostrils, and pour it back through your mouth or nasal passages. This procedure is the easiest to use.
How to rinse your nose?
If it became necessary to use saline for the nose in children, you should not use the wash options for adults. Children (especially of preschool age) should be instilled into the nasal passages with a pipette. The volume of the solution used should not exceed 15-20 g. After the procedure, the baby needs to lie down for a couple of minutes. When getting up, the child may cough up, which is quite natural, since the solution with mucus gets into the mouth and throat.
The use of washing the nose with salt water
According to the amount of salt in water, physiological and hypertonic solutions are distinguished. In order to prevent infectious, inflammatory diseases of the nasopharynx, a solution with a moderate amount of salt is used for hygiene and hydration (corresponding to the level of the substance in the blood, mucus of the body). Hypertonic fluid is more concentrated, is used to treat sinusitis, rhinitis, sinusitis.
Water-salt washing has a positive effect on the condition of the nasal cavity:
- increases local immunity due to strengthening effect on small vessels and stimulation of cell metabolism,
- disinfects the sinuses and prevents the occurrence of allergic reactions - together with mucus contributes to the removal of pathogens, saw particles, allergens,
- relieves mucosal edema and helps ease breathing.
How to make a saline solution for washing the nose
It is not difficult to prepare a medical means for washing the nose on your own, the main thing is to take into account the basic principles.
- The purpose of the procedure is weak solutions for prophylaxis and hygiene, more concentrated (hypertonic) for treatment.
- It is better to take sea salt without preservatives, dyes and flavors. It has a broad spectrum of action (disinfects, relieves puffiness, reduces inflammation).
- When using conventional salt, the therapeutic effect can be enhanced with iodine and soda. They effectively eliminate inflammation, edema.
- Water for the procedure is taken warm, not more than 35 degrees.
- Correctly perform all actions and observe the daily rate.
At home, water-salt solution is prepared in different ways, based on the needs of the person, his illness and physiological features.
Standard solution for adults with a cold
Dissolve 2 tsp. sea or ordinary salt in 1 liter of boiled water, cool to a warm state. Therapeutic fluid irrigate the nasal cavity 3-4 times a day for a week. You can use a special system, syringe, pipette, syringe without a needle.
The use of saline to flush the nose is often the only way to ease breathing during pregnancy. The tool has no contraindications and copes well with a runny nose, stuffiness, preventing the aggravation of the disease.
With iodine for sinus
Iodine has an excellent antiseptic effect in sinusitis.
In 250 ml of water dilute 2 tsp. sea salt and 2 drops of iodine. Ready means to collect in the palm, bring it to the nose and inhale with nostrils. After 5–7 seconds, pour the liquid back through a sharp exhalation through the nose, blow your nose, and make sure that nothing remains in the nasopharynx. The procedure is carried out 3-5 times a day.
With a cold in children
Saline is not contraindicated in children.
Seafood is prepared in a ratio of 1/3 tsp. salt to 300 ml of boiling water. Warm solution inject into the nose of the baby 1-2 drops with a pipette. Children after a year are allowed to use a syringe without a needle to irrigate the nasal cavity. The number of procedures per day - from 2 to 5.
Washing with salt and soda
- sea salt or ordinary - 3 tsp,
- baking soda - 1 tsp,
- water - 500 ml.
For washing the nose with saline solutions it is convenient to use a small tea pot.
First, dissolve the salt in boiling water, let it cool and add soda to warm water, mix. It is enough to do 2-3 procedures to reduce edema and reduce inflammation. The tool has a pronounced bactericidal effect and sedative effect.
Saline solution for washing the nose of the child (Komarovsky)
The famous pediatrician Yevgeny Komarovsky considers physiological sodium chloride solution, which can be purchased at any pharmacy, as the best means of washing the nose. Replace the drug can be a water-salt liquid, prepared at home.
It is necessary to dilute 1 tsp in 1 l of warm water. regular table salt. Be sure to comply with the proportions - the solution for irrigation of the nasal cavity in children should be weak.
The correctness of the procedure: washing is carried out with a disposable syringe without a needle, so as not to create much pressure. Failure to comply with the rules threatens to hit the infection in the auditory canal or the sinuses, which threatens otitis media, sinusitis.