Coughing up to vomiting in adults: treatment and causes
A problem such as coughing up vomiting can occur in an adult for a variety of reasons. A specific reflex is a manifestation of current inflammation of the upper respiratory tract.
That cough is one of the most common manifestations of a number of pathological changes, which include ARVI / ARI, laryngitis, tracheitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis. In most cases, the symptom in question appears at the very beginning of the disease and accompanies the person for 2-3 weeks, and sometimes even longer. It must be remembered that coughing up vomiting in an adult cannot be eliminated on its own; an inexperienced person can only aggravate the condition.
Causes of Strong Attack in an Adult
In 90% of cases, coughing vomiting in an adult occurs against the background of a severe respiratory infection. The reasons for when there is a very strong cough before vomiting in an adult can be:
- accumulation of mucus in the nasal cavity (running rhinitis) - sputum running down the walls of the nasopharynx in some people causes a vomiting reflex, which is accompanied by cough,
- allergic reaction (the irritating element can be different, therefore medical control is required),
- whooping cough,
- a foreign object in the airways (in most cases, the problem occurs in childhood, but adults can choke on a piece of food),
In the case of exposure to viruses, the cough is first dry, then it becomes wet as the mucus starts to move away. In addition to the emetic urge may be chest pain, fever, signs of intoxication. In the case when the disease is neglected or proceeds in a severe stage, sputum contains pus particles.
A cough occurs before the gag reflex if acute or chronic bronchitis is present. In the first case, the symptom is expressed in strong attacks, accompanied by the discharge of watery sputum, sometimes with purulent inclusions. Allergic reactions are accompanied by a strong cough, rhinitis and sneezing. Symptoms disappear if there is no contact with the stimulus.
A cough with an emetic reflex in an adult can warn about the development of malignant tumors, so an early visit to a doctor can save a person’s life.
What to do with a gag reflex against a cough?
In the case when the cough causes vomiting or frequent urging, you can alleviate the condition. For this you need:
- moisten the air in the room
- carry out wet cleaning (the concentration of allergens and irritants will decrease),
- drink infusion of mallow and plantain (in the winter, dry fees are used) - effective in the presence of dry cough.
- steam inhalation with fir or eucalyptus (exception: fever, allergies).
Antitussives are episodic drugs. Their long reception is not recommended.
If terrible attacks at night
In the case when an emetic cough in an adult occurs at night, then the already mentioned antitussive drugs will help to alleviate the condition - based on butamirata, prenoxdiazine, codeine.
Eliminate cough with vomiting at night will help warm drinks. Good results are shown by heated milk, in which natural honey is added. It should be drunk in small sips to warm the airways. Also, a terrible coughing up vomiting in an adult is eliminated by using chamomile and wild rosemary decoction as a bedtime drink. It is necessary to drink 1 cup half an hour before bedtime.
How to stop a symptom arising in the morning?
A cough in the morning before vomiting can be stopped with warm herbal tea, dry, oil or steam inhalation. It is also recommended to open the window in the room to let in fresh cool air.
If a seizure occurred during waking up, you need to sit down in bed, then slowly get up, relax. It will help to get rid of the problem of ordinary water - you need to drink it slowly (1/2 cup).
Why can there be no temperature?
A paroxysmal cough to vomiting can occur without fever, unless the symptom is associated with bacterial, viral, or other inflammation. It may be:
- after taking the medicine to lower the pressure,
- as a reaction to the increased content of dust or gases in the air,
- under the influence of chemicals (during work, home cleaning).
Also, without a fever, cough occurs in the early stages of the development of colds.
The causes of coughing up vomiting in a child
Need to know how to stop vomiting cough, if it arose in a child. Features of the manifestation of the symptom is that the attacks occur more often at night, as the baby is completely relaxed, the blood circulation processes slow down, and the sputum accumulates, making it difficult for air to move. The result is a cough with vomiting that requires special treatment.
For therapeutic treatment, a complex of antitussive and expectorant drugs is used against the background of antibacterial therapy.
Herbal teas are used as a prophylactic agent and to consolidate the results obtained. Inhalation procedures are not carried out if the child has not turned 4 years old.
Than to treat in adults dry strong cough to vomiting
With a dry cough and no accumulation of sputum in the airways, the patient may be given antitussive drugs. However, it must be understood that cough itself plays an important role - it drives out irritating agents from the respiratory tract, therefore such means are used only to a limited extent. If the cough is dry because the sputum is too viscous and poorly excreted, then mucolytic and expectorant drugs are used to liquefy it and facilitate removal from the respiratory tract. Cold preparations are not used together with expectorants, as this can lead to congestion of mucus in the respiratory tract and the development of serious complications.
Smokers with great experience in the morning have bouts of severe coughing, which can reach vomiting. At the end of the attack, viscous sputum is separated.
Depending on the cause of the disease, antiviral, antibacterial or antimycotic drugs (depending on the type of infectious agent, if any), and antihistamines can also be prescribed to the patient.
In addition to the main treatment, phytotherapy can be used. So, licorice root, plantain, chamomile drug, sage, thyme, eucalyptus, rosehip, St. John's wort, wild rosemary, marjoram have expectorant and anti-inflammatory effects.
The most effective procedures that help with coughing include inhalation. They can be carried out in a medical facility or at home using an inhaler, you can also just breathe steam over a container with a solution. Steam (hot) inhalations are especially popular because of their simplicity and accessibility, but they can only be done in the absence of elevated body temperature in a patient.
In case of diseases of the lower respiratory tract, steam inhalations are ineffective, in this case cold inhalations with the help of a nebulizer will help (inhalations in a child are recommended to be carried out exclusively with the help of a nebulizer). Such inhalations can be carried out even at elevated temperatures. The advantages of the nebulizer include the ability to use drugs for inhalation, which lose their effectiveness when heated. Cold inhalation eliminates the likelihood of the patient getting a burn of the respiratory tract.
Depending on the disease, as a solution for inhalation use some drugs, saline, soda solution, alkaline mineral water, salt solution, sea water, solutions based on medicinal herbs (decoctions or infusions), essential oils. Popular inhalations with oils of eucalyptus, fir, peppermint, sage.
Cold preparations are not used together with expectorants, as this can lead to congestion of mucus in the respiratory tract and the development of serious complications.
At home, you can breathe steam over a container of boiled potatoes, which can also add aromatic oils. All inhalations have contraindications that must be taken into account. For example, inhalations with essential oils do not apply if you are allergic or prone to it.
If during a patient's inhalation a persistent cough, dizziness, deterioration of the general condition is observed, the procedure should be stopped and the doctor should be consulted.
If a strong cough is caused by asthma, medications are used in the form of inhalers or sprays.
From folk remedies use mustard plasters and warming compresses, which can be made on the basis of boiled potatoes, cottage cheese, honey cakes (mixed in equal proportions honey, flour and vegetable oil) are popular.
The chest and the back of the patient can be rubbed with honey, interior fat. The procedure is preferably carried out at night, after which the patient is recommended to wrap a warm blanket. Rubbing can not be done at elevated body temperature.
A patient with a strong cough is recommended plenty of warm drink. You can use tea with linden, viburnum, raspberry, ginger, currants. It is recommended to include more vegetables and fruits in the diet. Popular recipes include warm milk with honey and butter. It helps well chest collection, which is recommended to drink 3-4 times a day. It is possible to relieve the condition by regularly airing and humidifying the air in the room where it is located. In some cases, with a strong cough with the urge to vomit, breathing exercises can help.
How does coughing up vomiting in adult patients
At the initial stages of colds and viral infections, patients often have an irritating dry cough, which then becomes wet. Cough is accompanied by pain in the chest, fever, headache, general weakness. After some time, sputum begins to separate. Some cough seizures may cause vomiting.
With parainfluenza, the patient usually develops a barking cough, which is accompanied by wheezing and vomiting.
With pertussis, the patient is worried about a strong paroxysmal cough, which often triggers an emetic reflex. When a patient begins to have sputum, his condition usually improves.
With tracheitis, in addition to cough, weakness and fast fatigability, chest pain, and high fever are observed. An attack of cough, as a rule, begins suddenly, inhalation of cold air, fumes of chemicals, cigarette smoke can provoke it. When coughing, the purulent sputum can be separated, and the attack itself in some cases ends with vomiting.
In acute bronchitis, the cough is dry at first, then the patient develops a strong wet cough. In the chronic form of the disease, the cough can be barking, often occurs while the patient is in a dusty or cold room. In the morning, cough in patients with bronchitis may be aggravated, leading to vomiting.
Bronchiolitis most often develops in children, but may occur in elderly and debilitated patients. With this disease there is obstruction of the bronchioles. In the early stages of bronchiolitis, the lumen of the bronchioles can clog dead cells and leukocytes. Also, with this disease, there may be proliferation of connective tissue, epithelium necrosis, and swelling of the walls of the bronchioles.
A patient with a strong cough is recommended plenty of warm drink. You can use tea with linden, viburnum, raspberry, ginger, currants. It is recommended to include more vegetables and fruits in the diet.
Patients with bronchiolitis often develop a cough that turns into vomiting, leading to dehydration. Also, patients may appear expiratory dyspnea, tachypnea, wheezing, cyanosis of the nasolabial triangle. In the absence or improper treatment of the disease, serious complications (apnea, respiratory failure) and death can occur, so if you suspect bronchiolitis, you should immediately contact a pediatrician or therapist (depending on the patient's age).
With pneumonia, a strong cough is accompanied by chest pain, fever, separation of rusty sputum. A cough attack can lead to gagging.
An allergic cough in a patient may be accompanied by nasal discharge, lacrimation, itching in the throat and / or nasal cavity, sneezing. Cough usually occurs on contact with an allergen or develops some time after contact. With a strong cough against the background of allergies a person may experience an emetic reflex.
In bronchial asthma, a strong cough can also go into vomiting, most often this happens in the initial stages of the disease. When coughing, the vitreous sputum is separated. Coughing with this disease may result in a choking fit.
In patients with tuberculosis, a terrible, painful cough may occur, and sputum is detected in the sputum. Intense coughing attacks can lead to vomiting.
In lung cancer, a strong, painful cough can degrade the patient's quality of life, disturbing him for a significant portion of the time. A strong cough to vomiting and difficulty breathing can also be observed in laryngeal cancer.
It is possible to relieve the condition by regularly airing and humidifying the air in the room where it is located. In some cases, with a strong cough with the urge to vomit, breathing exercises can help.
With worm infestations (especially with ascariasis), when a patient moves worms to the lungs, the patient develops a strong dry cough, which can cause vomiting. In addition, the patient often has a rash on the skin, an increase in body temperature. Liver disorders, intestinal obstruction, and accumulation of pus in the lungs may develop.
Smokers with great experience in the morning have bouts of severe coughing, which can reach vomiting. At the end of the attack, viscous sputum is separated.
Why adult patients may experience coughing up vomiting
The immediate cause of coughing up vomiting is convulsive seizures during contraction of the diaphragm. Such a cough is one of the most common symptoms of diseases of the respiratory tract, can also occur in the pathologies of other organs and systems.
A vomiting reflex can be caused by the accumulation of mucus in the nasopharynx, which flows down the back of the pharynx, irritates the larynx, causes a reflex cough, and during ingestion provokes nausea and vomiting. Coughing up to vomiting is also observed when the disease of the respiratory tract is neglected due to inadequate treatment or its absence.
Cough, which is accompanied by vomiting, can occur in acute respiratory viral diseases (ARVI), flu, parainfluenza, tracheitis, bronchitis (acute and chronic), pneumonia, allergies, bronchial asthma, tuberculosis, lung cancer or tumors in other organs of the respiratory system, bronchiolitis .
It can also occur with pertussis, diphtheria, gastroesophageal reflux disease, endocrine disorders, and worm infestations. In addition, this symptom may be accompanied by prolonged smoking, the entry of foreign bodies into the respiratory tract, the intake of certain drugs.
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As evidenced by such a sign in a child
What should parents do if a child has a cough, accompanied by bouts of vomiting, but without additional signs - fever and runny nose? Doctors do not recommend trying to help their children themselves - too many dangerous diseases may indicate themselves such symptoms.
What can cough do to vomiting, cause, without temperature in babies? Young parents should not panic prematurely - the vomiting and cough centers are very close to the child, which explains why these symptoms often occur simultaneously. When coughing fits, the vomiting center irritates, notifying about this alarming symptoms.
Еще одна причина появления этого тревожного признака – при кормлении заглатывается небольшое количество воздуха. Если с организмом малыша все в порядке, он просто срыгнет, если же он ослаблен болезнью, то вполне возможно, что появятся эти неприятные симптомы, вызывающие у родителей немалую панику.
Reasons for which children may have a cough, accompanied by vomiting
Coughing up vomiting, cause, no fever - all parents sooner or later face these symptoms. Should we be alarmed, or is there nothing terrible in such manifestations? Doctors assure that such harmless factors as well as serious diseases can cause such attacks, which should be treated immediately, and only under the supervision of a doctor.
What reasons can cause such an unpleasant and disturbing phenomenon in children? They are not so few:
- too dry or humid air in the room where the child stays for a long time,
- cold or a sharp overcooling of a small body,
- at a cold, mucus flows down the laryngeal walls, causing nausea,
- allergic manifestation to internal or external irritants (these could be climatic conditions, food, pharmaceutical preparations).
It is quite difficult for adults without the help of physicians to determine which factor provoked this manifestation, so you definitely need to consult a doctor for consultation. Only after diagnosis can the doctor prescribe the most effective treatment. If nothing serious is found in the child’s body, and an emetic cough has arisen for quite safe reasons, it is quite possible that home treatment will be allowed by simple and harmless folk remedies.
What processes in a teenager can vomit cough
Often cough, accompanied by severe bouts of vomiting, can occur in adolescents. How dangerous is it and will it harm the body? Parents do not need to panic before the visit to the doctor - it often happens that this manifestation is caused by colds. With a strong runny mucus there is no place in the airways, it flows down the larynx, causing irritation of the mucous membranes. The consequences of this process are cough accompanied by bouts of vomiting.
One more reason due to which these alarming attacks often occur is bronchial asthma. Treatment in such cases can be prescribed only by a doctor - parents should not independently use pharmaceutical preparations or traditional medicine formulations. Self-medication can cause irreversible changes in the body in a teenager or even lead to inflammatory processes in important respiratory organs.
An emetic cough may also cause an allergic reaction. Additional signs of irritation - redness of the eyes, swelling of the larynx, rash on the skin. In such cases, it is enough to eliminate the allergen that provoked the attacks so that they disappear without a trace of additional treatment.
What processes can occur in the body in an adult with vomiting cough
What diseases in an adult can be signaled by a cough that is accompanied by painful and unpleasant bouts of vomiting? There are a lot of diseases that may indicate about themselves just such symptoms.
The most basic reasons for the onset of vomiting cough in adults are:
- viral or infectious diseases,
- chronic or acute bronchitis,
- inflammatory process in the lungs
- helminth infection,
- problems with heart,
- gallbladder disease,
- excessive passion for smoking.
A gag reflex can occur even with problems with the immune system. In such cases, you will have to drink a course of drugs that increase the body's defenses. A lot of folk compositions based on vegetable raw materials are able to cope with this problem and improve immunity, but their use must be coordinated with the doctor.
Pharmacy treatment - what can I do?
What drugs can be used to get rid of unpleasant attacks? Regardless of what exactly the cause provoked a cough, you certainly need to first agree on the treatment with your doctor, and then begin to influence the problem.
If the cough, accompanied by vomiting, is caused by a cold or an infectious disease, you can drink a course of antitussive drugs. If the mucus is difficult to separate, the doctor may prescribe mucolytics or expectorants. Each of them has its own indications, method of use, contraindications, so you certainly need to carefully study the instructions before taking the medicine.
Among the many drugs offered by modern pharmacology, against emetic strong cough, such drugs have recommended themselves well:
If the physician finds that the cough is accompanied by inflammatory processes, then he will certainly prescribe antibacterial drugs. Be sure to take them at certain intervals - this is what will quickly and effectively get rid of a cold symptom.
Herbal collection against cough, accompanied by gagging
There are many formulations of alternative medicine, which without much difficulty will relieve cough and vomiting. The main rule of their admission is to first ask the doctor’s permission for this. If there are no complications, exacerbations, or this unpleasant symptom is caused by simple colds, the physician will certainly recommend the use of herbal compositions with remarkable qualities. That folk remedies are completely harmless and rarely lead to side effects.
For cooking broth, you can use:
- licorice (rhizome),
- wild rosemary
- dog rose,
You can combine several types of herbs - this will significantly increase the effectiveness of treatment. Preparing homemade medicine is easy - 25 gr. vegetable raw materials pour boiling water. Boiling water will need about 200 ml - this will allow you to get a rich fragrant drink, which will certainly help to forget about cough for a long time, accompanied by gagging. Take the prepared tool four times a day just 50 ml.
Cough up to vomiting, cause, without fever and other additional cold symptoms - sooner or later, each person experienced these symptoms. They should not be left unattended - they often announce serious illnesses that need to be influenced immediately. Only a timely visit to the doctor will help to determine whether there is a danger to the body in such attacks and to apply effective and effective treatment.
Causes and features of diseases with coughing up vomiting
The main cause of coughing up vomiting is irritation of the nerve endings of the vagus and glossopharyngeal nerves, which are found in the mucous membrane of the trachea and large bronchi, in the pharynx and larynx. Reflex impulses can also be conducted from other areas: the nasal cavity, some internal organs, and even the cerebral cortex. All these phenomena can occur as a result of developed inflammation and edema of the corresponding allergic zones (dust, plant pollen), toxic (chemical agents), parasitic (roundworm) or infectious (bacteria, viruses).
Irritants can serve as foreign bodies trapped in the respiratory tract. Coughing up vomiting may be caused by compression of the trachea and bronchi from the outside, a tumor or enlarged thyroid and lymph nodes of the mediastinum.
Many diseases of different nature can be accompanied by a strong cough, reaching to vomiting. They are a temperature reaction, if pronounced signs of inflammation. Some diseases occur with normal body temperature, but there is no direct relationship between febrile and the severity of the patient's condition. It all depends on what causes coughing vomiting in an adult.
Without temperature in adults can be acute, more often - Chronical bronchitis. This disease is accompanied by a strong paroxysmal cough, at the height of which an emetic reflex can be observed.
Allergic dry cough before vomiting is usually seasonal and manifests itself during the flowering period, however, there is a reaction to perfumery, dust, down and animal fur, varnishes, etc.
There are cases of leakage bronchial asthma with this pathology. In this case, asthma attacks are accompanied by a cough reflex, at the end of an attack vomiting can occur. Characterized by nighttime bouts of coughing and choking.
If a with tracheitis in the process of the disease does not join a secondary infection, the disease may also not be accompanied by fever. A strong dry cough comes to the fore, often with vomiting.
Important! Smoking often leads to complications in the respiratory system. Persons with great experience, very often become patients of the pulmonary departments with diagnoses of COPD, asthma and even oncology.
Have chain smokersVomiting coughing is not uncommon.
Ascariasis. With the localization of worms in the respiratory tract, receptors are irritated in the walls of the trachea and bronchi, which leads to attacks of strong coughing. Temperature is absent, however, allergic manifestations are not excluded in the form of various kinds of rashes or, in more severe cases, the general reaction of the organism.
The patient may cough in pulmonary heart disease. There is stagnation in the pulmonary circulation, which is often accompanied by this symptom, in which bouts of vomiting are not excluded.
Lung cancer with prolonged severe coughing that occurs in adults without fever.
Gallbladder diseasewhich can provoke a cough attack, often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
Tracheitis and bronchitis in the acute form, as well as chronic currents of these diseases may be accompanied by fever. The situation is complicated if the coughing fits are renewed at night.
Varieties of pneumonia and bronchopneumonia during the peak period cause severe spasms of the bronchi, while in an adult a very strong cough with a small amount of mucus can result in vomiting. An accompanying symptom is severe baking pain behind the sternum.
Oncological diseases of the respiratory system, with the development of so-called paracancic pneumonia, or the accession of a bacterial infection on the background of reduced immunity, will give a temperature reaction, and possibly a strong cough with vomiting.
In rare cases, bronchial tuberculosis may be accompanied by a strong cough and cause a vomiting reflex. In this disease, the temperature is usually subfebrile (an indicator of inflammatory processes, the temperature is from 37.1 to 38 degrees).
With acute respiratory infections, acute respiratory viral infections with the development of bronchitis and inflammatory lesions of the trachea, a strong dry cough can occur before vomiting. Like all infectious diseases, they occur with fever.
Whooping cough is a childhood infection.. But if an adult is infected, then he can get sick quite hard, with symptoms of intoxication, including fever. At the height of cough attacks usually occurs gag reflex. A very strong cough occurs at any time, including in the morning. Temperature is low-grade (usually does not exceed 38 degrees).
Why does cough provoke a gag reflex?
Vomiting with a strong cough and at the end of a cough attack in adults is quite rare. This phenomenon is more common in children. This is due to the peculiarities of the immune system of an adult and a child, which is stronger in older people. However, if this symptom occurs, it provides a lot of trouble and trouble.
Key moments of the gag reflex when coughing is not fully understood. An important role here is played by peripheral receptors located in the wall of the throat. With a strong cough, these zones are irritated, and signals are transmitted to the brain. Important structures responsible for vomiting through the fibers of the vagus nerve transmit information to the periphery, causing spasm of the diaphragm and muscles of the pharynx. At the peak of the cough reflex vomiting occurs.
Treatment and first aid
What to do if you cough when an adult coughs?
Assistance should be provided before starting treatment. At the beginning of an attack of a strong reflex cough, the patient should be in an upright position in order to avoid vomit ingestion in the respiratory tract and the occurrence of asphyxiation.
The next step will be to determine the cause of the pathological symptom. To do this, you need to call the doctor at home, if necessary - call the ambulance car. The specialist should conduct an examination, if possible - a survey of the patient, then - an examination in a clinic or hospital.
Excessive drinking and a full-fledged diet will provide a more effective and quick recovery. Here warm milk with honey is added in the morning and in the evening, tea with a decoction of expectorant herbs, ginger. You can also use viburnum, linden, branches and fruits of black currant, raspberry.
If the reason for this cough is clear and it is an acute respiratory disease, then in the absence of temperature, inhalations with a decoction of expectorant herbs, soda, various rubbing can be applied.
Good ventilation of the room, maintaining the air temperature within 20-22 degrees and optimum humidity of air within 40-60% will also be beneficial.
Rest and full rest with complete exclusion of any loads is necessary.
It is necessary to treat cough immediately, especially if it lasts more than two weeks. A strong cough reflex, at the end of which vomiting begins, brings many problems to a sick person. To get rid of it, you should receive a comprehensive therapy, depending on the cause of the disease.
Stop the cough should be the following means:
- Antitussive drugs. Codeine, Ethylmorphine has a central effect. They suppress the cough reflex in the brain, are addictive. Released only by prescription. The most commonly used non-narcotic agents: Glaucin hydrochloride, Butamirate, Oxaladine.
- Preparations mucolytic action: Ambroxol, Bromhexin, ACC, Solutan. They soften the cough and contribute to the dilution and better removal of sputum from the bronchi.
- Of the combined drugs fit Dr. IOM. It contains 10 ingredients of plant origin, is affordable and convenient to use. Available in the form of syrup and lozenges. It has a complex effect: it has an anti-inflammatory effect, a weak analgesic effect, and also clears the bronchi from sputum. Bronholitin has an antiseptic effect, softens and reduces cough, expands the bronchi.
- If the cough is dry, then Licorice Root, Prospan will help to translate it into productive one.
Do not forget about the treatment of herbal remedies, such as herbal teas, inhalation, grinding. If the cough is caused by a disease of an infectious nature, it is appropriate to prescribe antibiotics, if allergic - antihistamines. But this must be done only by a doctor.
Which doctor should I contact if I have a strong cough before vomiting?
If in the morning you have a strong cough before vomiting, the condition worsens, the temperature increases, weakness, nausea at times rises - it is worth calling the ambulance doctors. They will inject the necessary drugs to relieve an attack, and if necessary, they will be taken to hospital for further treatment. In milder cases, you can get by calling a doctor at home or by attending an appointment with a local therapist. He will carry out the necessary examination and refer him to the necessary specialist (pulmonologist, neuropathologist, allergist, etc.).
In conclusion, I would like to say that it is better not to provoke the occurrence of the disease at all. To do this, you should lead a healthy lifestyle, avoid hypothermia, exercise hardening, gymnastics and sports. A balanced diet and the necessary complex of vitamins will help to avoid trouble. But if the illness nevertheless suddenly overtook you, it is necessary to consult a doctor for medical help. Timely treatment will save you from undesirable consequences and keep you healthy.
Causes of a very dry cough with a gag reflex in an adult
Vomiting during a strong dry cough in adult patients is extremely rare and is always caused by strong irritability of the respiratory mucosa. Due to the too frequent urge to bronchial spasm, the entire muscular structure of the chest, trachea, larynx and abdomen are in constant tone, which ultimately leads to involuntary spasm of the organs of the digestive system. A major role is played by the factor that the brain centers responsible for coughing and vomiting are in close proximity to each other. If one and the same nerve impulse continuously flows to one of the areas of the cerebral cortex, systemic failure and provoking vomiting, as a concomitant process of strong and prolonged dry cough, cannot be ruled out.
The very causes of the painful condition of the respiratory organs lie in the presence of the following diseases:
- pathology of the cardiovascular system
- oncological processes in the lungs and larynx,
- whooping cough,
- chronic bronchitis in the acute stage,
- allergic reactions to certain foods, artificial flavors and other irritants present in the air.
В большинстве случаев определить тип заболевания можно по сопутствующим симптомам, которые помогают диагностировать недуг еще до поступления данных о бактериальном содержимом слизи, отходящей вместе с кашлем. The key identifier of the pathology is a violation of the heat metabolism of the patient, namely:
What kind of doctor to contact with bouts of severe coughing up vomiting?
If you experience symptoms of a strong dry cough, which lasts a long period of time, does not stop and ends with vomiting, you should immediately consult a physician. This is a generalist doctor who will conduct a primary examination, listen to the frequency of breathing, make a primary diagnosis, write out directions for testing.
If the patient’s state of health is severe, then the therapist can immediately refer the patient to a specialist specialist, pulmonologist or infectious disease specialist. Making decisions in this category is strictly in the competence of the physician. Also, if the patient decides to immediately visit a pulmonologist, then this will not be a violation of the treatment protocol, but will only accelerate the process of initiating therapy and completely getting rid of dry cough with bouts of vomiting.
How to treat coughing up vomiting
This unpleasant symptom requires very serious treatment. To eliminate it, it is necessary to consult a specialist and pass a series of relevant tests.
How to treat a cough before visiting a doctor? Before determining the cause, you can only use methods that facilitate the patient's condition: inhalation, rubbing, and warm, abundant drinking.
As a drink, warm milk with honey and butter, medicinal tea with ginger, viburnum, linden, raspberry, and currant are well suited. These drinks help to soothe irritated respiratory tract. The patient should eat mostly fresh vegetables and fruits.
Food should be non-caloric, so that the body does not spend its strength on its digestion. The patient must be given rest so that he rests and does not overwork.
These measures can improve the health of the patient, but treatment must be prescribed by a doctor.
Doing self-coughing is not recommended even for an adult. The most correct solution is to contact a specialist. Given the type of disease, its stage and symptoms, he will make the correct diagnosis and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
For the treatment of cough used 3 types of drugs:
- antitussives - suppress the cough reflex, reducing the sensitivity of receptors,
- mucolytic agents - dilute sputum, facilitate its excretion,
- expectorants - stimulate coughing up, are used to remove sputum from the respiratory tract.
With a strong dry cough, the patient is prescribed antitussive drugs - Codeine, Oxaladine.
When coughing with thick, viscous, difficult to separate sputum, mucolytics are prescribed - Ambroxol, ACC, Bromhexin.
For a productive, wet, plentiful cough, expectorant drugs are used - Mukaltin, Pertussin, Solutan.
You can not use both antitussive and expectorant drugs, because you can provoke sputum stagnation in the bronchi.
An adult, depending on the cause and complexity of the disease, additionally prescribed the following drugs:
- antibiotics, in the presence of a bacterial infection,
- antihistamines, with the existence of allergies,
- vitamin complexes,
- warming ointments for rubbing the chest and back with eucalyptus or mint,
- syrups to soften the mucous.
Domestic medicine provides a wide range of cough medicine, in various forms: aerosols, powders, solutions, syrups, tablets.
Inhalation with the help of a compressor or ultrasonic inhaler with drugs Ventolin, Dekasan, Lasolvan is considered one of the most effective methods. The specific device of this device helps drugs easily and effectively penetrate all parts of the pulmonary bronchial system.
Treatment of cough is prescribed by a doctor individually, taking into account the characteristics of the disease and the patient's condition. The same cough medicine can cause significant harm to the body if it is used improperly.
In addition to medication drugs, there are a large number of traditional methods of treatment that can be used at home.
- To treat this manifestation, you can use a special chest collection, which is sold in each pharmacy. It is recommended to drink it to an adult 3-4 times a day.
- You can take infusions or decoctions of medicinal plants that have expectorant, anti-inflammatory effects: wild rosemary, oregano, St. John's wort, licorice root, plantain, chamomile, thyme, sage, dogrose, eucalyptus.
- To grind the chest and back with honey, badger, or goat fat. The procedure is carried out at night, after it is necessary to turn around a warm scarf.
- Excellent help mustard plasters and warming compresses.
- You can also do steam inhalation with extract of fir, sage and eucalyptus.
- It is recommended to drink plenty of warm milk, tea, use raspberry jam, honey, propolis.
These methods will make a cough in an adult more productive and improve his overall well-being. But if the symptoms of the disease do not decrease, you should immediately consult a doctor.
How to quickly alleviate the condition
When painful coughing, especially at night, it is very important to provide first aid before the examination of the doctor. To alleviate the patient's condition will help the following methods:
- systematic airing, humidification of indoor air,
- plentiful warm (but not hot) drink, which promotes the removal of sputum,
- steam inhalations with extracts of medicinal plants: calendula, linden, fir, chamomile, thyme, eucalyptus,
- attacks of dry cough will help remove tinctures from the leaves of mallow and plantain, inhalations with ventolin,
- with a wet cough, the use of drugs to thin the sputum is shown in order to facilitate its separation and elimination.
Inhalation and rubbing should not be done at high body temperature.
What to do to avoid coughing? In order to prevent, it’s enough to follow simple recommendations
- do not smoke or stay in smoky rooms,
- do not inhale harmful chemical fumes,
- avoid hypothermia and a sharp temperature difference,
- not be in crowded places during an epidemic.
- regularly air the apartment and humidify the air, especially when the heating is on,
- if the cough has already appeared, it is necessary to stop its very first manifestations.
Cough always has a specific reason. To determine them, you need to undergo a serious examination, after which the doctor will be able to prescribe adequate treatment. Because drugs prescribed for one disease may be absolutely contraindicated in another. Proper treatment will help get rid of the disease, and with it all unpleasant symptoms, including coughing up to vomiting, will go away.
Vomiting when coughing in adults can also occur in respiratory diseases such as acute respiratory infections, tracheitis, laryngitis and pharyngitis. In most cases, these pathologies are caused by viral infections of the respiratory organs. With viral respiratory diseases, the following symptoms are often observed:
- Sternum pain.
- Loud cough.
- Coughing up mucus with a little pus.
- High body temperature.
- General malaise and weakness.
Cough with respiratory infections is mainly observed with inspiration. Often there are seizures with inhalation of too cold, dusty, or smoky air. In this case, the muscles of the larynx are compressed, there is a spasm, which can lead to gagging.
Respiratory infections need to begin to be treated in a timely manner, otherwise they may be complicated by bronchitis or pneumonia.
This serious pathology begins with a mild, muffled cough, which eventually gets stronger. After some time, cough attacks lead to nausea and vomiting, while the sputum has the appearance of rust and you can see bloody streaks in it. Vomiting occurs in the acute period of the disease, while the person feels a strong pain in the affected lung. In some cases, pneumonia occurs without a high temperature, so it is very difficult to diagnose. This indicates a strongly weakened immunity.
The greatest danger to humans is bronchopneumonia. The causes of this pathology can be neglected bronchitis and severe hypothermia. When bronchopneumonia occurs severe pain in the sternum, cough and spasm, which leads to the development of vomiting reflex.
In case of pneumonia, a person is most often hospitalized, and further treatment is carried out in the pulmonology department.
Coughing with vomiting can also be caused by parasites. The simplest microorganisms often affect the lung tissue, which eventually leads to a strong cough with vomiting. Other characteristic symptoms indicate infection by parasites:
- Abdominal pain.
- Runny nose and tearing.
Worm infestations are often found in childhood, since the immunity of babies is still imperfect and cannot fully combat various pathogens. But adults are also not immune from this pathology, therefore, at the first signs of illness, you need to be tested and undergo a course of treatment.
You can become infected with parasites if the basic rules of hygiene are not followed. To avoid such trouble, you need to wash your hands with soap and water as often as possible.
With oncologic diseases of the lungs or larynx, there is a strong cough. The attacks are so intense that the patient does not manage to cough and stop, the resulting laryngeal spasm eventually leads to vomiting. The pharyngeal mucosa in these diseases is highly irritated, therefore the sputum is always excreted with blood patches.
Cancer cancer is always complex. If conservative methods of effect do not give, resort to surgical intervention.
Cancers often suffer from heavy smokers. This is due to the harmful effects of smoke components on the mucous membrane of the throat and lung tissue.
When allergies also often occur cough attacks, which lead to vomiting. The strongest nasopharyngeal spasm is observed upon contact with various allergens, while the mucosa is significantly irritated, which ultimately leads to a gag reflex. To provoke an attack of allergic cough can:
- Household dust.
- Wool and down of various animals.
- Pollen plants.
- Food products.
- Some chemicals.
To cure allergies is fully impossible. With the help of drug therapy can only eliminate the unpleasant symptoms of the disease. It must be understood that the treatment will not be effective if contact with the allergen is not eliminated.
To identify the cause of allergies will help special skin tests. This diagnostic method is considered very accurate.
Bronchial asthma mainly develops as a complication of bronchitis. This happens if the disease is not treated for a long time. In bronchial asthma, cough attacks begin after contact with allergic substances. Most often, asthmatic attacks begin at night, when a person is sleeping. The patient wakes up from the fact that it becomes difficult for him to breathe. In addition to coughing, the patient has severe weakness, shortness of breath and abnormal sweating.
A person with asthma is very difficult to cough. The patient makes maximum efforts, while his face reddens and the work of the heart is disturbed. Asthmatics with a cough attack take a characteristic posture, leaning on a firm support and slightly tilting the torso forward.
In bronchial asthma, exacerbations of the disease are observed in the spring, when the plants are blooming.
At the very beginning of the disease, the person does not cough much, but the coughing attacks are quite long. If the disease has passed into the chronic stage, then the cough becomes very prolonged, the person cannot clear his throat normally and this often leads to vomiting.
With tuberculosis, the body temperature rises in the evening, the person also sweats heavily in his sleep and there is an admixture of blood in his sputum.
Tuberculosis is a fairly contagious disease that everyone can get, regardless of social status. That is why at the first signs of the disease should immediately consult a doctor.
Protect against tuberculosis can timely vaccination and regular check-ups. The earlier the disease is detected, the better it can be treated.
With heart failure, there can also be a strong spasm that leads to coughing with vomiting. This is due to the fact that a person is trying to inhale as much air as possible, but the bronchi are completely unable to cope with the task. In this case, urgent consultation with a cardiologist is necessary.