Varicose veins in the legs are a common problem. They suffer athletes, office workers, sellers, spending a lot of time on their feet, drivers. There is a considerable influence of genetic susceptibility to the occurrence of this dysfunction in the body.
So, you are faced with varicose veins, and to avoid unpleasant consequences, complications, you would like to clarify what is possible and what is not. This applies to diet, alcohol, lifestyle, sports exercises and many other factors associated with human activity.
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The first thing that an experienced phlebologist will advise you is to replace running with a bicycle, or an exercise bike, to walk more to maintain muscle tone and normal blood circulation. Fast running, jumping, exercises with a rope, grueling marathons and even football are now contraindicated. All this loads the veins in the legs too much.
Also, varicose veins exclude any strength exercises with large weights. Especially those that are performed in a standing position, squats.
The load on the legs at such moments exceeds the permissible norms. An interesting fact is that we press our legs in a special “machine” - the simulator is allowed. Do not overdo it only with the established weight. First place the legs on the platform so that the heels are below its level. Then wait a little for the blood to move away from the legs. Now do the exercise. The duration, the number of approaches and the optimal weight is determined after consulting with your doctor, an instructor in the hall.
Start walking in the pool. Swimming has a positive effect not only on blood circulation, but also on the state of the organism as a whole. The peculiarity is that the legs are in a horizontal position at this moment, there is no load on the veins. Major contraindications associated with hot water. But in the pools it is not so.
IMPORTANT. All types of massage, in which you will be heated, tanning beds, hot wraps - under the ban.
Bath and sauna
Varicose veins, as we wrote above, require to protect the body from overheating. Sit in the bathroom with boiling water, soar / warm feet is not recommended.
What do phlebologists say about going to the Russian bath? If you look on the Internet for articles on this topic, then the answers will find the exact opposite. Some refer to the fact that overheating can cause complications, while others believe that traditional procedures applied in moderation can improve blood flow.
Russian bath is fundamentally different from the Finnish sauna is moisture.
The temperature is regulated, the person sweats well. And if he also knows the rules (how much to be inside, what kind of tea to drink, etc.), his condition will only improve. Sauna also refers to the main contraindications for all forms of this disease. Dry heat is most dangerous.
While on the shelf, try to rest your feet against the wall so that they are above the level of the pelvis. This will ensure the flow of blood.
To cool or warm lower limbs with varicose veins is fraught with complications. But the contrast shower is very useful. Therefore, during bath procedures, you can water your feet with cold water from a hose. Hiking to the beach is to be tolerated at a time when the sun is not at its peak. Otherwise, you risk getting a lot of problems due to excessive warm-up. This is not to mention the burns, sun and heat stroke. And it is better to replace trips to the river with a swimming pool, as we have already mentioned above. There you will swim, and you will not warm up the areas affected by varicose veins once again.
What can you eat and drink for varicose veins?
- Give preference to vegetables, fruits, any foods rich in fiber, vitamin C, and rutin. The latter is contained in buckwheat,
- a lot of benefits will bring a moderate use of citrus,
- watercress is also good
- instead of meat it is better to use fish. Excess protein does not benefit. Useful seafood. Especially - shrimp, squid. It also helps seaweed. Seafood contributes to the development of elastin in the body, which is useful for the walls of blood vessels,
- from coffee you can not refuse. Only you will have to limit its use to a couple of cups per day,
- drink green tea, natural juices, fresh juices, compotes, fruit drinks. But from the shop lemonade is better to refuse
- add hazelnuts to your diet,
- good for diseases of the veins help chokeberry juice and sea buckthorn,
- smoked products are contraindicated. It is also not recommended to eat fatty broths,
- beer, vodka and other alcohol are generally harmful to vessels and veins. About this below.
Very many diseases are complicated by the presence of increased weight. Varicose veins are no exception.
To get rid of extra pounds there are a few simple rules:
- Drink a lot (1.5-3 liters) of pure non-carbonated water.
- Eat small meals 5-6 times a day.
- Do not gorge on the night.
- Eat foods enriched with fiber.
List of products prohibited for varicose veins:
A woman who uses hormonal contraceptives for varicose veins is at significant risk. The blood increases the content of certain hormones.
Under their influence, blood pressure rises in the veins and blood vessels dilate. In addition, under the influence of hormonal contraception blood becomes thicker, which leads to the risk of blood clots.
Exposure to high temperatures
Our veins under the influence of high temperatures expand, this leads to a deterioration of the outflow of blood to the heart. At the same time, the liquid evaporates faster from the body, which makes the blood more viscous and thick. That is why most often varicose veins become aggravated in summer.
Tips to help in the hot season, on the beach, in the sauna, bath:
- All day stay in the open sun
- Do not drink water
- Sunbathe in the morning and evening
- To swim
- Walk along the shore on the water
- Be in the shadows
- To drink a lot of water
- Walking in tight shoes
- Walking with high heels
- Sometimes have a rest, walking around the city
- Drink water
- Walk in comfortable shoes
- To be in the sauna at the initial stage of varicose veins (if permitted by the doctor)
- Take the procedure no more than 5 minutes
- Drink water
- Take a contrast shower
- Not recommended in late stages of varicose veins.
- With exacerbation of varicose veins
- Recommended in the early stages of the disease as a treatment.
- Stay in the steam room no more than 7 minutes
- After the procedure, take a contrast shower
- Hot long baths
- Hot wraps
- Warming massage
- Warming physiotherapy
- Mud therapy
- Healing bath body temperature
- Contrast shower, Charcot's douche
- Contrast baths
With a sedentary lifestyle, sore veins hardly pump blood to the heart. To make the veins easier to work, you need to make the muscles work. Working muscles help the movement of blood through the vessels, forcing the venous valves to move better and preventing backflow of blood. Therefore, a sedentary lifestyle - the enemy of varicose veins.
Attention! Contraindications for varicose veins on the legs are instructions for acquiring beautiful and healthy legs, as well as the ability to prevent surgery.
When varicose veins should abandon some sports.
What will be the ban depends on the stage of the disease:
- Rock climbing
- Sprint race
- Weight lifting
- Numbness of fingers
- Light cramps
- Prohibition of sports with 1 degree
- Running for a while
- Step (dance)
- Jogging (20-30 minutes)
- Fitness (without weight lifting)
- Pain in the legs
- Cyanosis of the toes
- Trophic ulcers are formed.
- Skin is painful, dry
- Walking (20-30 minutes)
- Increased trophic ulcers are associated with all symptoms of grade 1–3.
- Phlebitis increasingly affects deep and superficial veins
- Yoga (it is necessary to select asanas in consultation with a doctor)
- Exercises lying
- Physical therapy (video in this article will help you choose the right classes)
During pregnancy, sedentary lifestyle, with sedentary work, on the background of hormonal changes can develop pelvic varicose veins, with the formation of hemorrhoids. It is important not to allow this. But if varicose veins have already arisen, then the most important thing is to monitor intestinal motility and with all forces fight against constipation.
When lifting weight increases intra-abdominal pressure, which leads to disruption of the veins and their valves. Also, as the pressure rises, a thrombus can break off, which can clog the lumen of any vessel that is suitable in diameter.
These can be vessels of the heart, lungs, brain. Therefore, the greatest weight that can be raised with varicose veins should not be more than 4 kg.
Wearing high heels
Many women wear high heels. But with varicose veins such shoes will have to be abandoned. Because the calf muscles are in constant tension, as a result of which the blood flow in the deep veins is disturbed and the entire burden falls on the superficial veins.
The vein valves have to work twice as much, so they cannot cope with the load. As a result, there are swelling, pain. The optimal heel size should be 3-4 cm.
If possible, exclude flights on airplanes and long trips by bus, car
Long flights and long journeys on buses and cars force people to be in a forced sitting position for a very long time. The legs swell, there is a slowdown in blood flow and, as a result, there is a risk of blood clots. In addition, they affect the formation of blood clots and hydrodynamic loads during takeoff and landing of an aircraft.
If, after all, a trip cannot be prevented, it is necessary to follow simple rules:
- During the trip, make simple movements with your feet, preventing blood stasis.
- If possible, walk through the cabin of the bus or plane. When traveling by car, make regular stops and walk for 10 minutes.
- Do not take alcohol before the trip.
- On the road, be sure to drink water.
- Wear compression underwear before traveling.
Do not neglect the wearing of compression underwear
Wearing compression underwear is part of a complex treatment for varicose veins. Its action is based on squeezing the vessels of the legs with different force and correct control of the load on all departments. The tone of the vessels increases.
As a result, the inflammation of the venous walls, heaviness and fatigue of the legs goes away. Compression underwear is very effective, but you only need to select the size with a doctor.
The only problem is the price. The better the linen, the higher it is. Also, compression knitwear is indispensable if you are prescribed injections against varicose veins.
Long stand or sit in one place
Often, by virtue of their profession, people have to stand in one place for a long time or sit at a table without interruption. To prevent stagnation, it is necessary to shift more often from one foot to the other, or to periodically stroll and rest more often. If there is an opportunity to lie down with raised legs.
What is contraindicated for varicose veins is important not only for those who suffer from this disease, but also as preventive measures to prevent varicose veins. To your legs were as beautiful as in the photo, you must follow simple rules.
In this article, we looked at the limitations of varicose veins. If you follow these simple rules, in combination with medical treatment, you can avoid surgical treatment. It is especially important to comply with people who have contraindications for the removal of varicose veins.
The main contraindications for varicose veins
There are not many contraindications for varicose veins, but they still exist. The first thing that needs to be done to the patient is to refuse uncomfortable and cramped shoes. It is necessary to completely eliminate the wearing of shoes, boots or boots with heels.
Also, with the appearance of varicose veins, physical activity should be limited. But this does not mean that they should be deleted completely. Lack of motor activity will only contribute to the progression of the disease.
Weight lifting should also be limited. A person with varicose veins should not lift more than 5 kg at a time.
Another important point - patients with varicose veins should completely abandon the use of alcohol, tobacco and foods high in cholesterol. Nicotine, ethyl alcohol and cholesterol all contribute to the formation of atherosclerotic plaques on the vessel walls, which lead to a narrowing of the lumen of the arteries and progression of varicose veins.
There are also other products contraindicated for varicose veins. It:
- fatty meats and fish
- jams, sweet pasta,
- canned food
- smoked meats
Exclusion from the diet of these products will help reduce leg swelling and normalize weight, which will significantly relieve the load from lower limbs.
What exercises are contraindicated for varicose veins?
As we have said before, varicose veins are manifested by venous nets on the legs. Their appearance is the first signal that cannot be left without proper attention. It is believed that the appearance of varicose veins on the legs is due to weakened muscles, and therefore doctors recommend to all their patients to engage in more sports.
But here it should be understood that excessive physical activity can harm, and therefore you need to know which exercises are contraindicated for varicose veins. With this disease should not deal with:
- running (it needs to be replaced by walking),
- dances, during which there is a strong load on the lower limbs (for example, African, Irish, etc.),
- exercises with a rope.
In general, it is necessary to exclude the occupation of those sports that exert excessive strain on the legs. If you are engaged in the gym, then you better check with your coach, what exercises can not be done with varicose veins. And ask for a special program for you that will not only help you keep fit, but also contribute to the treatment of varicose veins.
Hirudotherapy contraindications for varicose veins
Hirudotherapy is the most popular and effective treatment for varicose veins. It contributes to the dilution of blood and prevents the formation of blood clots, which are the cause of impaired blood circulation.
However, the use of leeches for varicose vein contraindications is not small. They cannot be used in the following diseases and conditions:
- Iron-deficiency anemia,
- bleeding disorder,
- oncological diseases,
- lactation period
- taking some medication.
Press trouble and varicose veins: contraindications
For the treatment of varicose veins not only hirudotherapy is used, but also pressure therapy. It also helps to restore the outflow of blood and strengthen the walls of blood vessels.
But, as in the previous case, pressotherapy contraindications for varicose veins has a lot. These include:
- oncological diseases,
- operations carried out on vessels
- infectious diseases,
- acute respiratory diseases
- poor blood clotting.
If you engage in the treatment of varicose veins, taking into account all contraindications, you can achieve good results. After all, varicose veins - this is not a sentence. With the right approach, this disease responds well to treatment.
What is not recommended for varicose veins?
In order to prevent the progression of the disease and the occurrence of significant skin defects, patients with varicose disease should adhere to the doctor's recommendations for lifestyle changes and treatment.
The first step to the treatment and prevention of complications of varicose veins is to identify and influence the factors that provoke venous congestion. This is a standing job, prolonged exercise, or vice versa, low patient activity. It is necessary to take measures to normalize physical activity, a non-intensive regular exercise, such as walking or physical therapy, gymnastics, is useful.
Important is the diet for varicose veins - extractive substances are excluded - coffee, meat broths, spicy, sour food, smoked products, ready-to-cook foods, preservation. It is necessary to consume enough protein, fat and carbohydrates, drink 1.5 to 2 liters of water per day.
In the treatment regimen include drugs such as venotonics, antispasmodics, local remedies - creams, gels, ointments, apply pressure bandages or compression stockings. Also, in case of severe cases of varicose veins, surgical interventions are performed - sclerotherapy, laser removal of the affected areas, venectomy, safenektomiya, crosssectomy.
For patients with varicose veins, avoid tight, uncomfortable shoes with high heels or wedges. It is recommended to choose shoes with low heels - from 3 to 5 centimeters, with natural materials, comfortable and not narrow models.
What else can you do with varicose veins? Contraindications for varicose veins are quite extensive, and include:
- Epilation (waxing, shugaring, using an epilator).
- Slimming Wraps
- Warming compresses or lotions.
- Contrast shower, hydromassage.
- Tattoo or tattoo, acupuncture.
- Canned, honey or cellulite massage.
- A visit to the bath or sauna, solarium.
- Intense physical exercise on the muscles of the lower extremities.
Varicose veins can affect not only the veins of the legs, but also the veins of the small pelvis, so in women this pathology can cause impaired reproductive function, miscarriage. During pregnancy, the appearance of minor dilatation of the vessels of the lower limbs is considered the norm, due to weight gain and hormonal changes in the woman's body.
This condition, as a rule, does not cause significant symptoms and complications. If a pelvic varicose vein is present before conception during pregnancy, the woman’s condition may worsen significantly. This should be remembered during the planning and management of pregnancy and the doctor and the woman herself.
If symptoms of thrombosis of the mesenteric veins or pulmonary thromboembolism occur, it is necessary to immediately go to the hospital. The varicose vein of the first or second stage is not an indication for abortion.
Also, women with cardiovascular pathology are prohibited from using combined oral contraceptives, such as Yarin, Jeannette. They lead to hypercoagulation and the occurrence of complications of varicose veins.
Heat treatments for varicose veins
Carefully apply different wraps for slimming or getting rid of cellulite, as some creams for this procedure include extracts of hot pepper, cinnamon, peppermint.
Such agents have a thermoactive effect and can further expand the veins. Only cold versions of such a procedure are allowed, namely chocolate, herbal, mud wraps. The duration of the session should be small - up to 15 minutes, after completing the wrap you need to take a shower. Such cosmetic manipulations for patients with varicose veins are best carried out in salons under the supervision of specialists with medical entities.
The use of warming compresses or applications on areas with dilated veins is contraindicated. Instead, cold lotions can be applied to the shins, for example cabbage leaves or bandages dipped in herbs.
It must be remembered that only a doctor can prescribe such procedures; you should not self-medicate. Even with varicose veins can not do canned or anti-cellulite massage. Such procedures are quite painful and traumatic, can worsen the symptoms of varicose disease, lead to significant complications, such as rupture of the vessel and subcutaneous hematoma. Honey massage, in addition to the above complications, can also have undesirable thermal effects on the affected areas, causing local or general allergic reactions.
It is allowed to carry out a light muscle self-massage, in the event of convulsions or spasms to reduce pain. It is important to remember that performing massage is contraindicated in case of exacerbation of any chronic pathologies, a rise in temperature in a patient, or general poor health.
Epilation with hot wax, sugar paste and using an epilator or tweezers is contraindicated in the area with varicose veins, as the prolonged effect of heat leads to an even widening of blood vessels, overflowing them with blood, and the vein can rupture.
Such methods of getting rid of unwanted hair are allowed - shaving, hair removal creams (the chemical method is less traumatic), laser or electrolysis.
To do a tattoo or acupuncture on areas affected by the varicose process is contraindicated, since such additional trauma can lead to the formation of blood clots on the walls of blood vessels and even rupture of the veins.
Contrast manipulations for varicose veins
Contrast showers and hydromassage should be used with caution, since during the initial stages of the disease they have a healing effect, restoring the elasticity of the vascular wall and blood circulation in the limbs. In severe cases, the presence of complications, these methods can do more harm than good - due to sudden changes in temperature, the integrity of the venous wall can be disturbed, bleeding into the subcutaneous tissue, the separation of a blood clot.
For the detected varicose veins in the early stages, hydromassage and contrasting water procedures are prescribed as a component of treatment. The therapeutic effect is achieved with the passage of 10 procedures, without long breaks. Contrast douche as a therapeutic agent is also effective for the first stage of varicose veins; exposure should be started with a small fluctuation in temperature and gradually increased.
Such procedures are best carried out in specialized vascular centers, under the supervision of phlebologists. Visiting a tanning salon is absolutely unacceptable - even with a short duration of the procedure, excessive heating can occur.
Visiting the sauna or bath is also contraindicated, as long-term exposure to high temperatures can lead to the development of dangerous complications. But there is another opinion that the use of the Russian bath in the treatment helps to establish blood flow in the affected limbs. When visiting the bath you need to choose the right temperature, do not overheat the body, drink plenty of fluids. This treatment will help to remove excess fluid, improve blood flow, get rid of extra pounds.
For athletes who have developed varicose veins, there are also limitations in exercise. It is undesirable to perform workouts with a load of leg muscles, for example, on an exercise bike or a stepper. You also need to reduce the number of squats and lunges, power loads on the muscles of the hips, fast and intense running, jumping rope. It is possible and necessary to perform therapeutic gymnastics exercises, stretching on all muscle groups. It is also useful to visit the pool - when swimming, almost all muscle groups are involved, the load can be easily adjusted.
Prevention of varicose veins consists in adhering to a rational diet, adequate exercise, active rest, taking vitamin complexes. In the presence of a family tendency to vascular diseases or the appearance of the first signs of varicose veins, it is necessary to consult with a specialist, if necessary, to start treatment promptly. It does not hurt to use compression pants or stockings.
What you can not do with varicose veins described in the video in this article.
What not for varicose veins?
Varicose veins - pathology of veins in the limbs and in the small pelvis. With a sharp inflow and slow blood outflow, the vessels greatly expand and protrude under the skin, forming a noticeable mesh. Constant drops in blood pressure provoke houpkost and deformation of the venous walls.
There are large painful nodes, possible thrombosis and trophic ulcers. The patient experiences pain and heaviness, legs cramp. Blood stasis causes the most severe complications up to tissue necrosis and complete obstruction of blood vessels.
There are a lot of reasons for varicose veins of the lower extremities.
The disease can occur due to hereditary predisposition, malnutrition, bad habits, overstrain, injuries.
Timely detection of provoking factors will help to prevent the development of the disease and prevent complications.
What is harmless to a healthy person can bring a lot of trouble to phlebologist patients.
Ethyl alcohol causes the vessels to expand greatly, which is detrimental to already deformed veins. Alcohol delays the outflow of lymph, causing edema, especially dangerous for varicose veins.
Equally important is quitting smoking. Nicotine, tobacco tar and combustion products make vessels fragile and brittle, the blood thickens, and the risk of adhesions and clots increases. The ban is imposed not only on ordinary cigarettes and cigarettes, but also on their electronic counterparts, pipes, hookahs, chewing and snuff. It is advisable to avoid passive smoking.
Patients with varicose veins should avoid overloading. It is forbidden to lift a burden heavier than 5 kilograms.. For shopping it is worth getting a shopping cart.
To successfully combat varicose veins and prevent exacerbations, it is important to carefully follow the diet prescribed by your doctor.
With the expansion of veins will have to abandon:
The total caloric intake of the daily ration should not exceed 2500 calories for men and 2000 calories for women. The exact calculation of caloric intake depends on height, age, degree of physical activity of the patient.
Excess weight and obesity put additional pressure on the vessels, worsen the blood flow and provoke the development of varicose veins. If the patient suffers from excessive fullness, he needs a special diet or even fasting under the guidance of a specialist.
Features of the daily routine
In chronic varicose veins, complete rest is very important. Patients will have to abandon:
- night work shifts
- tedious "rummaging",
- long standing during the working day.
For normal functioning of the eyelids it's important to get enough sleeprest often (preferably lying down), every 2 hours do a little warm-up or stroll.
Special attention to the state of health should be paid to hairdressers, bartenders, vendors and other people who are forced to stand for several hours.
With varicose veins, you will have to give up some familiar hygiene procedures. Any manipulation with steam, excessively hot or extremely cold water will not work.
People with damaged veins are absolutely contraindicated:
- hot baths and showers
- bath and sauna,
- swimming and swimming in the hole,
- some types of foot massage (canned, honey, hardware).
It is advisable not to wear synthetic knitwear, which does not stretch well and does not allow the skin to breathe freely. In the top list gets and rubber shoes, provoking swelling and stagnation of blood in the legs.
Varicose veins and sports: contraindications
A very important point - physical activity.
With varicose veins, both overload and sedentary lifestyle are equally harmful.
Therefore, a logical question arises: what exercises are contraindicated for varicose veins?
The ideal option is balanced exercise.
Phlebologist patients walks, easy jogging, swimming, Nordic walking. The list of contraindications is much longer.
Going to fitness should refuse:
- long-distance running,
- long jump or high
- jumping rope
- high impact aerobics,
- classes on the step platform,
- exercises with weights or barbell,
- long classes on the treadmill.
More detailed information from workouts in the gym is presented in the following video:
With particular attention you need to approach the squats and exercises that require increased load on the legs. Dancing people are more comfortable with options like Latin American, Bellydance or Flamenco. Break dance or Irish dance with a lot of jumps will have to be abandoned.
Exist contraindications with varicose veins and legs for amateur athletes.
Not recommended to engage in:
Phlebologists recommend removing all loads that could injure blood vessels.
Occupations that cause a strong rush of blood to the extremities, drops in blood pressure, increased stress on the lower extremities are contraindicated.
What else would you like to add?
Some methods of treatment of varicose veins can worsen the patient's condition. Before resorting to them, it is necessary to familiarize with the full list of contraindications. Treatment with leeches (hirudotherapy) improves blood flow, helps to eliminate toxins, strengthens the venous walls.
However, this type of therapy absolutely excluded when:
- diseases associated with low blood clotting,
- malignant tumors
- autoimmune diseases
- diabetes and other chronic illnesses
- low blood pressure.
Another one A popular procedure for the treatment of varicose veins is pressure therapy. It speeds up the outflow of blood and lymph, tones blood vessels, prevents capillary fragility and the appearance of a noticeable venous network on the calves and thighs.
However, pressure therapy has contraindications for varicose veins.
It is absolutely not suitable for:
- oncological diseases
- previous vessel operations,
- viral infections
- increased fragility of blood vessels
Given all the possible contraindications, you can significantly improve your health and eventually achieve complete healing.
What not to do with varicose veins of a certain degree
The attending physician is obliged to tell the patient what to do with varicose veins of a specific degree and what is possible. It is noteworthy that with the initial symptoms of the disease, people prefer to keep their feet in basins with cold water, to make lotions from some wild herbs, but not to come for an examination in the hospital. So do not. At the first symptoms of the disease should make an appointment with the therapist. After examination, he will refer you to a phlebologist.
There are no particular contraindications at this stage of the disease. With varicose veins, you can continue to play sports, take long walks in the fresh air. But from the uncomfortable clothes and shoes have to be abandoned. Be sure to visit the phlebologist. He will write out a prescription for medicines and help you choose the degree of compression of medical linen.
Progressive varicose veins
All that can not be done with varicose veins of the initial stage, it is strictly forbidden to perform and with progressive disease. In addition to the existing restrictions, nutritional recommendations are added. The patient will have to completely revise your diet. If the patient is overweight, then they put him on a compulsory diet. Organ transplantation for varicose veins can be done if the main veins are not affected or the danger to the patient's life is too high.
If your feet hurt a lot
Contraindications for varicose veins, accompanied by severe pain, include the rejection of heavy physical exercise. Reduce discomfort help cool baths. They can be done in the morning and evening. Physiotherapy for varicose veins of the lower extremities will be useful for the initial stage, but for actively progressive disease, it is included in the list of contraindications.
Doctors recommend to buy a special pillow for the legs. It can be used during the night rest. Raising your legs, you will facilitate the outflow of blood from the limbs to the heart. A phlebologist can prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs if the pain syndrome is very strong. But when improving their condition, they should be abandoned, since they heavily load the liver.
If the vein has burst
It all depends on which vessel was damaged. If a small wreath has burst, the patient will get off of a vascular asterisk, but if a large vessel is damaged, a large hematoma will appear on the skin surface, which is very bad in itself. Do pressure therapy for varicose veins in this state is impossible. You need to attach a bag of ice to the damaged area of the vessel, and after the pain has passed, go to the doctor.
If the feet itch and swell
Foot and swelling - the first sign of varicose legs. They indicate that the blood flow is already broken, the tissues receive less nutrition. In this state, it is strictly forbidden to use diuretics and other means that facilitate the release of excess fluid from the body. The patient may use specialized cooling gels for varicose veins or moisturizers. Of course, after the discovery of these symptoms, a person must make an appointment with a doctor.
If the legs are numb
Some grandmothers advise to use a leg warmer for this symptom in case of varicose veins. It is absolutely impossible to do this if you do not want to worsen your own condition. It is possible that numbness of the limbs caused a blood clot that is stuck in the vessel. By causing the vein to expand, the patient can provoke a blood clot, which is a potentially dangerous condition for life. Magnetic therapy for varicose veins can relieve patients from numbness of the legs, because it contributes to increased blood flow, but with progressive disease it is contraindicated.
What you can not and what can be done with varicose veins
When varicose veins can not expose the legs to prolonged exposure to high temperatures. Активное механическое воздействие на ноги также приведёт к отрицательному эффекту. Разрешает делать холодные обёртывания, лёгкий массаж и любые другие процедуры, не вызывающие травм кожи и сосудов.
Is it possible to make a tattoo with varicose veins? Yes, if it is placed anywhere on the arm or on the shoulder, i.e. on the area not subject to the disease. Some women go to salons asking if they can get a tattoo for varicose veins to close the protruding vessels. A normal master will refer such clients to a phlebologist. Before making a tattoo for varicose veins, the patient should consult a doctor. If his desire comes from aesthetics, i.e. he wants to close the damaged vessels, it is easier to remove them with a laser or sclerosant. If the patient simply wants to have a certain pattern on his leg, then he must still weigh all the risks first. Applying a tattoo for varicose veins with a 90% chance will cause serious complications.
It is believed that compresses - an excellent remedy for varicose veins. Partly this statement is really true. With their help, you can get rid of swelling and other external manifestations of the disease. But to apply compresses with trophic ulcers, allergic rash is strictly prohibited. The natural products which are their part will strengthen irritation.
Different types of hair removal
Removal of excess hair on the legs is a problem for the most part especially female. Standard hair removal methods for varicose veins are contraindicated. Pulling out excess hair with tweezers, hot wax, or sugar paste will aggravate the disease. Women can get rid of excess vegetation on their feet by the following methods:
- laser hair removal
- using specialized chemical creams,
- classic shave
- electrolysis (if the disease is at the initial stage).
Other methods of hair removal will cause complications. Women will also have to give up high-heeled walking.
Contrast shower and hydromassage
Contrast shower is considered one of the most useful procedures for varicose veins. It contributes to the natural irritation of the vascular walls. Due to the contrast of the soul in patients with normal production of collagen, increases the density of veins. Hydro massage can be used to treat a varicose of the initial degree.
Contraindications for varicose veins in women include hot wraps. In general, all procedures involving the heating of the legs and blood vessels will have to be excluded with varicose veins. Increased body temperature affects veins. Cold wraps, on the contrary, are useful in the initial stage of varicose veins. It is advisable to use for them menthol or other components that cool the skin.
Doctors to the question of whether it is possible to take OK for varicose veins often respond negatively. But with an active sex life and unwillingness to have a child, the use of estrogenic contraceptives is the best option, because abortion for varicose veins poses a threat to a woman’s life. It is especially dangerous to perform this procedure if the patient has a lesion of the pelvic veins. With this form of the disease, women rarely manage to carry out the child normally. More often they encounter spontaneous abortion.
Doctors can not unambiguously answer the question of whether laparoscopy can be done with varicose veins. In itself, surgical intervention does not create any problems for the body if the disease affects only the veins close to the skin of the legs. But with the defeat of the great vessels it can be dangerous. On the other hand, laparoscopy is often used to diagnose the pelvic varicose veins.
This procedure helps to restore the vascular tone in the initial stage of the disease. Mud therapy cannot be done if there are trophic ulcers on the body or if the skin is damaged. This therapy is contraindicated for progressive varicose veins, since dirt without any additional components dries the skin, and it is very harmful if you have problems with vessels.
To warm the legs with varicose veins in the legs is absolutely impossible. Even if you have a cold, and your grandmother insists that a hot mustard bath will help you recover quickly, you cannot heat your limbs. When the legs are warming up, the vessels expand greatly, they already have an enlarged diameter, which leads to a deterioration of the general condition of the veins. With varicose dilatation, patients can make therapeutic baths with a water temperature not exceeding 50 degrees Celsius.
To visit the solarium for varicose veins is impossible. Regarding whether it is possible to sunbathe with varicose veins, the opinions of doctors differ. Some doctors claim that short-term exposure to the sun's rays benefits the body, but phlebologists say that ultraviolet warms the legs up strongly, which is very harmful for the condition of the veins.
Acceptance of Viagra with varicose veins
On the question of whether you can have sex with varicose veins under the influence of Viagra, all doctors will answer that it is impossible. Preparations for the short-term elimination of erectile dysfunction greatly increase the pressure in the vessels. The danger of this phenomenon is not only for people with heart disease, but also for those who suffer from various pathologies of the vascular system.
Contraindications to taking drugs
With varicose vein contraindications apply to many drugs. First of all, patients should abandon the pills, which provoke an increase in pressure. Narrowing vessels medicines also need to stop taking. The group of illicit drugs includes tablets that increase blood viscosity.
Exercises with a rope for varicose veins will have to be excluded from the training program. This also includes athletics races. The problem is that these types of exercises create an additional shock load on the veins. As a result, the vessels are stretched and under the influence of blood flow, and under the action of gravitational forces. Exercise should be aimed at strengthening the blood vessels. With varicose, walking, swimming, gymnastics, non-power yoga are very useful.
Intensive training and football
People suffering from varicose veins will have to give up professional sports. Intensive training, accompanied by work with free weights, are also among the contraindications. Football, volleyball and basketball can be practiced in the initial stages of the disease, then during workouts you must use compression underwear or elastic bandages. With the further progression of the disease from these sports should be abandoned.
Proper diet with varicose dilatation helps to increase the effectiveness of medications. The patient should eat foods that strengthen the vascular wall. If necessary, the diet becomes dietary, if the patient has an excess of body mass index or the presence of visceral fat. Doctors recommend eating the following foods:
- lean meat,
- cereals containing carbohydrates and minerals
- natural teas and juices.
Prohibited foods and drinks
Patients often do not know what to eat with varicose veins, so their diet is practically not changed. First of all, patients need to give up fat. Heavy varieties of meat, refined, fried dishes will have to be excluded from the diet completely. Canned foods also need to be removed from the menu. Forbidden products include:
- all types of alcohol, because alcohol promotes the expansion of veins,
- black tea, strong coffee,
- chicory (useful for hypertension, but because it dilates the veins, it is dangerous for patients with varicose veins),
- sweets and soda, because consist of easily digestible carbohydrates, therefore not suitable for patients with overweight.
A specific list of contraindications depends on the state of human health. Ideally, you can use the entire product, but in small portions. Patients rarely adhere to this rule, so it is better to completely eliminate from the diet meals and drinks, accelerating the development of varicose veins.
Dietary goals for varicose veins
Food for varicose veins (for all its types) has the following objectives:
- Strengthening of the vascular walls - vitamins and trace elements reduce vascular permeability, increase the elasticity of the veins, have anti-inflammatory effect. The use of foods rich in beneficial ingredients improves the condition of the vessels in case of varicose veins.
- Reduction of blood viscosity - with varicose veins blood flow slows down, the risk of blood clots increases. Therefore, at any localization of changes, it is necessary to observe the drinking regime and avoid dehydration.
- Reduction of tissue edema - fluid retention in the body leads to the development of edema - one of the main symptoms of varicose veins of the lower extremities.
- The fight against obesity - overweight patient leads to an increase in pressure in the vessels of the legs and is considered one of the main factors provoking the development of varicose veins.
- Normalization of the intestine - regular constipation leads to the accumulation of toxic substances in the body, which have a negative effect on the condition of the vessels, increases pressure in the veins of the pelvis and lower extremities, increases the load on the venous walls.
The right vitamins and trace elements
Nuts (almonds and hazelnuts)
Strengthens the walls of the veins
Reduces blood viscosity
Greens (parsley, sorrel, spinach)
Stabilize cell membranes
Participate in the synthesis of collagen
Strengthens the walls of the veins
Prevents their thinning and expansion
Normalizes blood viscosity
Strengthens the vascular walls
Prevent vessel damage
Diet for varicose veins includes:
- Vegetables should form the basis of the patient's diet with varicose veins. Especially useful: cabbage, carrots, tomatoes, sweet peppers, beets. Daily on the table must be present salads from fresh vegetables, seasoned with vegetable oil, vegetable side dishes.
- Fruits: citrus fruits, apples, pears, cherries, cherries, apricots.
- Berries: lingonberries, blueberries and cranberries, raspberries.
- Fish and seafood serve as a good alternative to meat dishes: shrimps, mussels, squids.
- Low-fat meats: beef, pork, chicken and rabbit. A useful product for varicose veins is beef liver.
- Nuts: almonds and hazelnuts are added to cereals, ground nutmeg is used as a seasoning for dishes.
- Cereals contain carbohydrates that provide the body with energy. For varicose veins, preference is given to brown long-grain rice and buckwheat, rich in plant fiber and trace elements.
- Legumes: peas, soybeans.
- Greens: parsley, spinach, sorrel.
- Honey is recommended to take as an additive to tea, porridge for 2-3 tablespoons per day. Especially useful for varicose chestnut honey. Chestnut extract is part of the drug "Eskuzan", which is often prescribed to patients with varicose veins.
Diet for varicose veins involves taking a large amount of fluid. The most healthy drinks:
- green tea,
- natural fruit and vegetable juices,
- berries from berries,
- ginger tea,
- herbal teas (currant leaf, mint, lemon balm),
- plain non-carbonated water
- apple cider vinegar drink.
Ginger Tea Recipe
Four tablespoons of crushed ginger and zest of one lemon pour a liter of boiling water, cover with a lid, leave to infuse for half an hour, cool to a comfortable temperature, add honey to taste.
List of prohibited foods and drinks
With varicose veteran, food and beverages that prevent fluid retention, weight gain and adversely affect veins are banned.
- Alcohol - alcohol expands blood vessels, the fluid from the cells goes into the extracellular space, the metabolism is disturbed, the patient's well-being deteriorates: the weight and pain in the legs increases.
- Smoked meats, marinades - lead to fluid retention.
- Strong broths, aspic - contain a large amount of extractive substances, increase blood viscosity.
- Fatty meats - refractory fats increase cholesterol, increase blood viscosity.
- All types of canned food - dyes and preservatives, which are part of them have a toxic effect on blood vessels.
- Muffin, tori, chocolate - contains a large amount of easily digestible carbohydrates, therefore it is prohibited for overweight patients. In the absence of obesity, these products can be consumed in limited quantities.
- Spicy seasonings - negatively affect the vessels.
- Salty products - salt contributes to fluid retention and the appearance of edema in the legs. Food is prepared without salt, a small amount of it is added just before eating.
- Coffee, black tea - drinks, contraindicated for all diseases of the heart and blood vessels, including with varicose veins.
- Chicory - this drink is often used as a substitute for coffee by patients with hypertension, but since it dilates blood vessels, it cannot be consumed with varicose veins.
The stronger the patient has symptoms of the disease, the stricter the diet should be for varicose veins.
Breakfast: milk rice porridge with nuts or fruit, a glass of ginger tea.
Lunch: fresh vegetable salad, seasoned with sunflower oil.
Dinner: low-fat chicken soup, jacket potatoes, steam chicken cutlet, green tea.
Tea time: a glass of kefir with fruit, biscuit biscuits.
Dinner: boiled buckwheat, baked fish. Fruit juice.
Patients with varicose veins should be constantly monitored by a phlebologist. Drug treatment is carried out courses. Diet is necessary to follow constantly. When following the recommendations of the doctor, about 80% of patients with early stages of the disease fully recover their performance. Severe eating disorders (alcohol, large amounts of animal fats and other prohibited foods) often lead to relapses. With a complicated course of varicose veins, it is possible to achieve an improvement only in 50% of patients, the rest are sent for surgical treatment.