How to help with vomiting water, possible causes
Why can there be vomiting water?
Vomiting with water, with the exception of gastric lavage, is quite rare. In children, vomiting of water happens when teething, runny nose, colds and other diseases of the upper respiratory tract and upper respiratory tract. In such situations, a rather large amount of mucus forms, which drains down the throat, irritating the mucous membranes of the nasal and oral cavities, as well as the stomach. This irritation causes vomiting. As a result, the child vomits in water, in which there are practically no impurities.
Sometimes children have vomiting with water against the background of complete well-being, that is, the baby doesn’t cut teeth, and there is no cold. However, it should be remembered that mucus can form not only with various diseases, but also against the background of complete health, with excessive dryness of the air, with allergies or when staying in cold air. In this case, the formation of mucus is a protective mechanism by which the body tries to protect the mucous membranes from the negative effects of environmental factors. Further, the formed mucus flows down the throat into the stomach, irritates the mucous membranes and causes vomiting. That is, after being in the cold or in a dry and stuffy room, a child may also experience vomiting with water, which is provoked by excessive mucus formation.
Vomiting of water in children due to the formation of mucus is not a dangerous condition. To eliminate this type of vomiting, it is necessary to eliminate the cause, that is, to cure a cold or to create the necessary humidity and temperature parameters that are optimal for the child.
In adults, vomiting of water is possible with long breaks between meals. This situation develops when a person is little, and the intervals between meals are very long. For example, a person takes the last meal at 18.00, and only has breakfast at 7.00. in this case, the interval between two meals is 13 hours. Vomiting of water develops precisely in a given long interval between meals.
Vomiting associated with the formation of gastric juice and the lack of food in it. Gastric juice irritates the mucous membrane and causes vomiting. In this case, vomit is entirely composed of gastric juice, which is very similar to plain water.
The development of gastric juice begins precisely during the long break between meals, when the body requires food. In this case, due to various reasons, a person does not have a feeling of hunger, and he does not take food. That is, hunger is not felt, but it is. And it is this state of hunger that leads to the development of gastric juice, which causes vomiting of water. In such conditions, it is necessary to optimize the intervals between meals, making them no longer than 7 - 8 hours.
What disease may indicate persistent vomiting?
There are various groups of diseases that occur with constant vomiting. Depending on the nature of its occurrence and features diagnose the disease:
Central vomiting - meningitis, migraine, hypertensive crisis, encephalitis, glaucoma, tumors and abscess of the brain, damage to the inner ear,
Psychogenic vomiting - hysterical neurosis, anorexia, bouts of cyclical vomiting in children,
Hematogenous toxic vomiting - uremia, acetonemic vomiting in diabetes mellitus, porphyria, poisoning with carbon monoxide gas, alcohol, drugs, cytostatics, radiopaque substances, exposure to toxins of viruses and bacteria in infectious lesions,
Visceral vomiting - pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract (gastritis, peptic ulcer, duodenitis), diseases of the biliary and urinary tract, acute appendicitis, pyloric stenosis, atony and paresis of the stomach,
Vomiting with putrid odor - stomach cancer,
Vomiting with a fecal odor - intestinal obstruction,
Vomiting with bile - complications after surgery on the stomach, biliary colic, narrowing of the duodenum,
Vomiting with undigested food - gastric achilia, achalasia of the esophagus.
To clarify the diagnosis, bacteriological, chemical, cytological examination of vomitus is conducted, the relationship of vomiting with food intake is studied (morning, early, late, fasting vomiting, night and cyclical).
Why can there be vomiting water?
This type of vomiting is extremely rare, except for artificially induced vomiting during gastric lavage.
Causes of vomiting of water in children:
Pathology of the ear, throat, nose.
All these reasons are due to the ingestion of a large amount of mucus. It flows from the nasal and oral cavity to the throat and esophagus in the stomach. Irritation of its mucous membrane causes vomiting. The result is vomiting with water without impurities.
In the absence of visible causes of the disease, this symptom manifests itself due to excessive dryness of air, exposure to air in frosty weather, and also due to an allergic reaction. In this case, the release of a large amount of mucus is a protective reaction of the body to the negative influence of the environment. Then everything happens according to the above algorithm - mucus irritates the gastric mucosa, which gets in excess.
It is not difficult to eliminate this symptom in children, it is necessary to create optimal conditions for life and to cure the pathology of ENT organs.
If vomiting by water is diagnosed in an adult, this may be due to long breaks between meals. Gastric juice is released reflexively, and the longer the break between meals, the more juice is formed in the stomach. If a large amount of juice causes vomiting, it may seem like vomiting with water. Visually, these fluids almost do not differ from each other.
For various reasons, a person does not feel that he is hungry, however, the body needs food. This condition leads to excessive production of gastric juice and vomiting similar to water.
Can there be vomiting with mucus and why?
The admixture of mucus is found in many pathologies in both children and adults. Diseases for which vomiting with mucus is diagnosed:
Dietary disorders in chronic gastritis,
Damage to the mucous membrane of alkalis or acids (suicide attempt, accident).
Vomiting with mucus in infants is a variant of the norm. However, in this age group, such vomiting may be the result of the accumulation of mucus in bronchitis. An infant cannot cough up because of its age. When children eat special foods (milk, jelly, fruit juices with pulp), there is also vomiting with mucus.
Can there be black vomiting and is it dangerous?
Black vomiting can be a sign of a serious pathology or have a physiological reason for the appearance. Some products stain vomit black: these are chocolate, berries with dark pulp, etc. Knowing their use on the eve of vomiting, one can focus only on stopping this unpleasant symptom.
Vomiting in the form of “coffee grounds” is a great danger. It indicates bleeding in the stomach or duodenum. A kind of blood suggests that it is oxidized and curled under the influence of gastric juice.
Diseases causing bleeding in the digestive tract:
Neoplasms of any etiology (tumors, polyps),
Trauma to the lining of the stomach or intestines,
Ulcerative lesions of the stomach or small intestine,
Side effects of drugs that can cause damage to the stomach or intestines (Indomethacin, Aspirin, Ibuprofen, drugs, steroid hormones),
Gastric or intestinal bleeding is accompanied by dizziness, weakness. The patient's skin becomes pale, there is a feeling of apathy, a person may faint. These symptoms are a pretext for calling an ambulance immediately, since delay can be life threatening. If black vomiting is the only symptom, you still need to consult a doctor as soon as possible.
What disease can have temperature 38 and vomiting?
Diseases in which there is a combination of vomiting and high temperature:
Acute respiratory viral infection,
In the overwhelming majority of cases, these symptoms are observed precisely with gastrointestinal infections. Children may react with vomiting to a rapid rise in temperature in any inflammatory process.
The initial manifestations of intestinal infection and viral disease are very similar: in both cases, there is hyperthermia, redness of the throat, vomiting. Specific symptoms manifest themselves a little later.
In any case, with the combination of vomiting with a temperature of 38, it is urgent to call an “emergency aid”. Differentiate poisoning from an attack of appendicitis is impossible without a medical examination. Acute appendicitis requires an urgent surgical intervention, serious poisoning implies treatment in a hospital.
Can antibiotics cause vomiting?
Preparations from the group of antibiotics have a large number of side effects, and vomiting is manifested when using these drugs along with other symptoms.
Causes of vomiting while taking antibiotics:
Vomiting is a side effect of a particular drug,
There is an incompatibility of the antibiotic with concurrently taking drugs from other pharmacological groups,
Dietary disturbance has occurred or alcohol has been consumed during antibiotic therapy.
The appearance of vomiting is directly dependent on the form in which the drug is taken. Antibiotics in the form of tablets are more likely to cause vomiting than the same drugs used in the form of injections. Do not give up a particular medication if its oral use causes vomiting. It is worth trying intravenous or intramuscular administration. Correction of the dosage in the direction of reducing the volume or frequency of medication will reduce the risk of this unpleasant side effect, but at the same time the effectiveness of treatment may suffer.
Antibiotics that can cause vomiting:
Ciprofloxacin (Tsiprobay, Tsiprinol, Tsiprolet),
First nausea appears, then vomiting, in order to prevent it and alleviate the condition, you need to perform the following actions:
- drink small amounts of cold water with lemon juice,
- dissolve lozenges or drink antiemetic drugs,
- lie down or sit in a comfortable position and relax,
- provide fresh air, take deep breaths,
- drink mint tincture or take sedatives.
When severe nausea is present, but vomiting does not occur, it is caused on its own. To do this, click on the base of the language. When the stomach cleansing took place, the state of health improves.
Based on the cause of the symptom, the method of elimination is chosen. When a factor provoking vomiting is found, symptomatic medical treatment is used. When vomiting is caused by motion sickness due to dysfunction of the vestibular apparatus:
- Ciel - 1-2 tablets before meals 2-3 times a day.
The drug Ciel can not be taken while driving because of a decrease in concentration.
If appeared after radiation or chemotherapy:
- Emetron - 4-8 mg solution intramuscularly or intravenously 2-4 times a day,
- Setronon - 4-8 mg solution intramuscularly or intravenously 2-4 times a day,
- Ondansetron - 1 tablet 8 mg orally, 2 times a day.
When a symptom occurs due to stress or nerve overvoltage:
- Motilium - 1-2 tablets 3-4 times a day, but not more than 8 tablets per day,
- Reglan - 1 tablet up to 3 times a day, but not more than 6 per day and two at a time.
In the pathology of the digestive tract:
- Cisapride - 1-4 tablets 5 mg 3-4 times a day, the exact dosage and course are individual.
If the symptom occurs due to toxicosis in pregnant women:
- Kokkulin - 2 tablets 3 times a day.
Vomiting of water is more often a symptom of non-serious diseases. Symptomatic treatment and main therapy for the main pathology is used for treatment.
Causes of Vomiting
During an emetic attack, the contents of the stomach pass through the esophagus into the oral cavity, attacks occur due to contraction of the abdominal muscles. The reflex process is accompanied by acute persistent abdominal pain, sticky cold sweat appears, mucous in the mouth dries out, heartburn, dizziness, urge to urinate become more frequent. The initial diagnosis depends on how the vomit looks.
- failures in the central nervous system,
- intoxication, enhanced fermentation in the stomach against the intake of medicines, alcohol, low-quality food:
- diseases of the digestive tract,
- psychogenic causes
- pain shock.
Gagging occurs when motion sickness, on the background of strong fear or stress, overwork, a sharp increase or decrease in blood pressure, after head injuries or abdomen.
Often vomiting occurs due to severe fatigue.
An emetic attack often occurs on the background of taking antibiotics - this may be a side effect of the drug, attacks occur when antibacterial agents are incompatible with other medications, a diet is broken during treatment, and alcohol is consumed during therapy.
Diseases that are accompanied by gagging
In some pathologies, vomiting torments a person often and continuously, depending on the nature of the onset and the course of the attack, it is possible to judge why the pathology occurred.
What diseases indicates constant vomiting:
- central vomiting - occurs in the defeat of brain tissue, inflammation of the inner ear, migraine, during a hypertensive crisis,
- psychogenic vomiting - a problem of people with increased emotionality, accompanies anorexia,
- hematogenous-toxic vomiting - intoxication of the body with protein breakdown products in violation of the kidneys, acetone in diabetes, an attack occurs with gas, alcoholic beverages, narcotic drugs, the cause may be the waste products of pathogenic microorganisms,
- visceral vomiting - a sign of diseases of the digestive system, pathologies of the biliary and urinary tract,
- rot-smelling vomit is one of the main symptoms of the presence of malignant tumors in the stomach,
- vomit with a smell of feces - indicates intestinal obstruction,
- vomit with blood - bleeding in the organs of the digestive tract,
- vomiting with impurities of bile, with a sour odor, - indicates the occurrence of complications after operations on the stomach, narrowing of the lumen of the duodenum,
- the presence of undigested food in vomit - achilia of the stomach.
If there is blood in the vomit, then there is bleeding in the digestive tract.
Before the start of vomiting, a person is always sick - these are subcortical reflex processes, therefore it will not be possible to hold them back by means of willpower. Before an attack, the amount of saliva increases, weakness, dizziness appear, sometimes heart rhythm increases. Gagging begins abruptly without nausea - a sign of severe pathologies of the brain.
Why does black vomiting appear?
Dark brown, black color of emetic masses without temperature has a physiological origin - the reason may be excessive consumption of chocolate, berries of a saturated color. A great danger is vomiting, which resembles coffee grounds in color and consistency - it occurs when there is bleeding in the digestive system. Under the influence of gastric juice, blood coagulates, which gives it a peculiar look.
Black vomiting appears in the presence of polyps and tumors in the gastrointestinal tract, ulcers, with mucosal injuries, hemorrhagic disease, and chronic alcoholism. Long-term use of Aspirin, Ibuprofen, steroid hormones, and narcotic drugs can provoke damage to the stomach.
Black vomiting indicates the presence of polyps in the digestive tract
Causes of vomiting on the background of high temperature
Vomiting and temperature - a sign of infectious processes in the digestive system or viral disease. With such pathologies, headache, throat, stomach, cough, and lymph nodes may increase.
In which diseases vomiting is accompanied by high fever:
- appendix inflammation - most often pain occurs in the lower right part of the abdomen, increases with the attraction of the knees to the chest, accompanied by a sharp rise in temperature,
- gastroenteritis in the acute stage,
- diseases of the bronchi, lungs,
- intestinal infection.
When the temperature rises to 38 degrees, severe vomiting is necessary to call an ambulance - acute inflammation of the appendix requires immediate surgical intervention, an intestinal infection is treated in the hospital.
Vomiting and fever are the main symptoms of an inflamed appendix.
Vomiting and diarrhea
Similar signs are observed in case of poisoning, intestinal or rotavirus infection, often accompanied by fever. This condition is very dangerous, especially for children, as the risk of severe dehydration increases.
Vomiting and diarrhea - for which diseases can happen:
- недостаточность надпочечников – помимо основных признаков развивается гипотензия, пульс слабый, кожа приобретает бронзовый оттенок,
- холера – тошнота, внезапная и сильная диарея, кал водянистого характера с творожистыми вкраплениями,
- cirrhosis - pain in the right upper quadrant, dyspeptic disorders,
- gastroenteritis - vomiting with blood, diarrhea, severe cramps, rumbling in the stomach,
- thyrotoxicosis - increased sweating, intolerance to heat, weight decreases, while the appetite increases, tremor of the extremities, an increase in the thyroid gland.
Thyrotoxicosis is characterized by diarrhea, vomiting and an enlarged thyroid gland.
Vomiting in children - from what could be
Children often vomit water - this is due to the accumulation of mucus in the stomach. Attacks are accompanied by fever, weakness, general deterioration of health.
Causes of vomiting water:
- chronic rhinitis,
- long intervals between meals - gastric juice is constantly excreted, with a large accumulation of vomiting,
- ENT diseases.
Severe cold can cause vomiting in a child
If there are no obvious reasons for vomiting, the attack can be triggered by very dry indoor air, a long stay in the cold, and allergies.
Helminthiasis provokes the appearance of frothy white vomiting 15–20 days after infection. At the initial stage of the worm infestation, a child may develop an unproductive cough, allergic rashes on the body, lethargy, sleep and appetite.
Sometimes on the background of flu, rotavirus infection, a sharp increase in the temperature of the child tears mucus. Such attacks sometimes with sour vomiting occur on the background of a violation of the diet with gastritis in a chronic form, when it is damaged by mucous acids or alkaline substances, after drinking milk, juices with pulp, and kissel.
For infants, vomiting with mucus is normal, but sometimes it occurs because of bronchitis, since young children still do not know how to cough.
Vomiting during pregnancy
Vomiting is one of the main signs of toxemia, which occurs at 4–5 weeks of pregnancy and lasts up to 16–18 weeks. The attacks are accompanied by increased salivation, bile may be present in the masses. At the same time, diarrhea and abdominal pain are absent.
Toxicosis conditionally is considered the norm, especially for the first pregnancy, no special treatment is required if the symptoms appear moderately.
Preeclampsia (late toxicosis, preeclampsia) is a dangerous complication of pregnancy, accompanied by nausea and vomiting, a sharp increase in weight, severe edema, migraine, persistent pain in the epigastric region, hypertension. With this pathology, a woman is hospitalized on a mandatory basis, since there is a high probability of death.
Otherwise, the causes of vomiting in pregnant women are the same as before conception, but in future mothers all chronic diseases are exacerbated, the body is worse at coping with the destruction of pathogenic microorganisms, therefore, seizures appear more often.
How to induce vomiting?
Artificially provoke an emetic attack is needed to alleviate the state of poisoning in order to quickly get rid of harmful and toxic substances in the body. The easiest way is to press your fingertips on the tongue closer to the root, you need to make 3-4 quick soft movements.
What you need to do to vomited:
- ride on a swing,
- drink 1 liter of strong tea with salt,
- eat 5 grams of toothpaste,
- Take Apomorphine, Levadol, ergot grass pills - these drugs are designed to cause an attack of vomiting.
Levadol causes bouts of vomiting
But the best and proven way to activate the vomiting process is potassium permanganate - dissolve a few grains of the substance in 2 liters of water, the solution should be a pale pink color, otherwise you can earn a burn of the mucous membrane. The whole solution should be drunk immediately in large gulps; for children, the dose should be reduced to 500 ml.
Before you start to cleanse the stomach, you need to drink 2-2.5 liters of pure water.
A short-term or one-time vomiting attack is not dangerous for a person, but if the unpleasant symptoms are prolonged and regular, serious malfunctions of metabolic processes in the body develop.
What is the risk of prolonged vomiting:
- increase in the body of alkaline substances
- against the background of a large loss of potassium, hypokalemia develops - arrhythmia appears on its background, weakness appears in the muscles, night urination increases,
- heavy vomiting all day can provoke a rupture of the esophageal mucosa, which is dangerously heavy bleeding,
- serious violations of metabolic processes can cause paralysis, loss of consciousness.
Due to a weakened body after prolonged vomiting, a person may lose consciousness
But the main danger is dehydration; in weak people, children and the elderly, the condition can quickly deteriorate. Patients with mental disorders often vomit into the respiratory tract - breathing problems occur, aspiration pneumonia.
Vomiting helps to quickly deal with various kinds of poisoning, but if the seizures recur frequently, there are blood and bile impurities in the vomit, you need to undergo a full examination in order to detect pathological processes in a timely manner. For treatment, use drugs that soothe the stomach, eliminate the cause of unpleasant sensations.
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Features of vomiting
As mentioned above, vomiting is basically a protective reflex, so it can be extremely difficult to avoid. The body believes that there are harmful substances and seeks to get rid of them. And not always harmful substances into the blood can come from the gastrointestinal tract.
Interestingly, women vomit occurs more often than men.
At the same time, children are most prone to this unpleasant process. Vomiting is not necessarily a symptom of any disease, it can be a consequence of toxicosis in pregnant women, and a reaction to fear or other negative emotions, in case of poisoning, irritation of the peritoneum, accumulation of toxic metabolic products in the blood.
Vomiting may be a symptom of illness.
Drawing attention to the nature and frequency of vomiting, it is possible to draw superficial conclusions about the reasons for its occurrence.
Thus, in infectious diseases, the gag reflex precedes diarrhea and is accompanied by weakness, fever. After such vomiting, the patient does not feel relief.
Vomiting of blood may indicate bleeding from the stomach or duodenum. If there is also an admixture of foam - this indicates pulmonary hemorrhage.
Vomiting of water occurs rarely, as a rule, occurs in children with teething, ARVI-diseases and respiratory diseases and ENT organs. Vomiting water is not particularly dangerous.
Why does vomiting occur?
In children, water vomiting is a consequence of colds or the process of teething. It occurs due to the appearance of a large amount of mucus, which drains the throat and irritates the mucous membranes. This irritation provokes vomiting. By the way, mucus can be formed and with allergies, dry air.
In adults, this type of vomiting can occur with large intervals between meals. The gastric juice produced irritates the mucous membrane and causes vomiting. This happens when the intervals between meals regularly reach 10-12 hours. And one gap per day is enough. For example, a person dines at 18.00, and has breakfast at 6.00. It is during this period that vomiting of water may occur.
How to get rid of vomiting
It is easy to get rid of vomiting with water - the child needs to create suitable conditions, a level of humidity, and cure a cold. An adult needs to normalize diet, making the intervals between meals no more than 8 hours.
If the vomiting of another plan lasts a long time or has impurities, this is a reason for an urgent visit to a doctor. And as a first aid, you need to wash the stomach, after drinking about 2 liters of boiled water and a few tablets of activated carbon at the rate of 1 tablet per 10 kg of weight.
A lot of fluid vomiting, what could be the reasons
Vomiting of a large amount of fluid can be caused by ordinary non-dangerous colds. Also, a symptom with such features is characteristic of children in the period when their teeth begin to erupt. The fact is that in children this process involves the secretion of a large amount of mucus, which flows down the neck and strongly irritates the walls of the esophagus, from which gagging impulses appear. Also, vomiting with a large amount of liquid occurs in situations where more than half a day passes between meals, then all food leaves the stomach completely and only liquids remain in it.
Vomiting yellow bitter liquid
Yellow bitter vomit appears in situations where food poisoning occurs. Most often this happens when consuming expired products, which cause abundant secretion of bile from the gallbladder. Just the presence of a large amount of bile in vomit and gives bitterness and yellow hue. Diagnosis of food poisoning against the background of the use of expired products, containing a large amount of toxins, is impossible if vomiting is not accompanied by abundant diarrhea and an increase in body temperature. If such additional signs are absent, then it is more appropriate to suspect intestinal infections or appendicitis.
Vomiting brown and red liquid
Brown or red vomiting is the first sign of the opening of internal bleeding in the stomach or intestines. This development of events is considered to be incredibly dangerous for a person’s life, since the participation of a surgeon is necessary to eliminate internal bleeding. As a rule, the accompanying symptom of open internal bleeding is the acquisition of fecal stool of the same brown or red color. The color of vomiting in bright red color causes peptic ulcer along with the intake of large amounts of alcohol. In this case, there is a breakthrough of the wall on which the ulcer is located, with abundant blood loss. In such a situation, the help of a doctor becomes vital.
Vomiting black liquid, why sick and vomiting black liquid?
Vomiting of black liquid is most often observed in people who were under anesthesia, since deep anesthesia to some extent can affect the human psyche and physiology. In order to stop the effect of anesthesia, doctors use Raglan and Torekan, which cause blackening of the stomach contents. However, the fact of vomiting is observed in patients extremely rarely, since immediately before the operation they are forced to empty their stomach and intestines on their own.
Black vomiting is a constant companion chemotherapy of any kind. Nausea at the same time can have the most different degrees of severity and, as a result, cause vomiting or not. To prevent this condition, physicians are advised not to eat anything for several hours before chemotherapy. If, however, nausea does occur, then it is necessary to limit oneself to unnecessary movements and try to breathe deeply and slowly.
Vomiting green liquid, why vomited green?
Green vomiting is very well known to people who are directly or indirectly related to psychiatry. A large number of mental abnormalities may be accompanied by green vomiting. Nausea and vomiting at the same time, as a rule, appears on the background of a long period of being in a state of stress or depression, when all the basic productive functions of the body begin to dull. It should be noted that even after recovering from a state of stress or depression, it is worth mentioning to a person that he has recently experienced them, as he will immediately have nausea and sometimes vomiting. In case of nausea, most often the situation is aggravated by a significant anxiety that vomiting can occur in a public place, from which the urges themselves come even faster. To psychogenic vomiting as soon as possible is eradicated, you need to visit a psychotherapist who will accurately determine the source of the psychological disorder and tell you how to get rid of it.
Causes of liquid vomiting, why vomiting and vomiting of very liquid vomiting
Among the many causes of liquid vomiting, the following main factors can be identified:
1 Irritation of the vomiting center with medical treatment or the use of a large number of toxic substances,
2 Infections of various kinds,
3 local irritation of the abdominal cavity,
4 The presence of pathologies of patency of tubular structures with muscular walls,
5 Poisoning with carbon monoxide, alcohol, poisonous plants and other,
6 Toxicosis in pregnant women,
7 Condition, before a person falls into a coma,
8 The presence of pathologies of the central nervous system,
9 Malfunctions of blood circulation in the brain tissues,
10 Diseases of oncological nature.
Vomiting fluid after eating, why vomited liquid after meals?
Vomiting fluid after a meal can occur both during the meal, and some time after a meal. Vomiting while eating is considered early and can be caused by gastritis or ulcers in the stomach, and the more coarse and heavy the food, the more upset the stomach will be. It should be noted that during neurosis, the severity of food will not induce vomiting, but on the contrary, stimulate digestion. If nausea and vomiting occur after a certain time after a meal, then they are considered late. In this case, the occurrence of gag reflexes is enhanced if a person leans or lies on the bed. There are also frequent cases when late vomiting is accompanied by pain in the chest area.
Vomiting with liquid in a child, why does the child feel sick and vomiting with watery vomiting?
Vomiting in a newborn baby can be observed only once, which is normal for him. However, if the newborn's vomiting becomes periodic or just repeated, then it is necessary to contact a pediatrician as soon as possible for help, since the causative agent of this condition can be either maternal nutritional disturbances or disruptions in life processes in a small organism.
Starting from two weeks of age, the natural thickening of the muscle walls of the stomach outlet begins, which can lead to intestinal blockage. As a result, food does not pass further along the digestive system and is eliminated by vomiting. In the case when there is periodic vomiting in a child almost immediately after feeding, it is necessary to consult a doctor as soon as possible.
Vomiting fluid during pregnancy, what could be the disease?
To vomiting during pregnancy worried as little as possible, you must first determine the true source of its origin. In a state of early pregnancy, the woman's body becomes incredibly susceptible to a variety of infections that can lead to the occurrence of chronic diseases. The main causes of vomiting during pregnancy are:
1 Banal toxicosis caused by the development of the fetus. This condition does not cause significant harm.
2 Smells of various kinds, causing vomiting, both during the day and at night,
3 The consequence of the occurrence of ulcerative and gastritic pathologies of the stomach,
4 Presence of cholecystitis or chronic cholelithiasis. In the process of exacerbations, vomiting of bile is possible.
Vomiting fluid and temperature causes
Similar symptoms indicate the presence of the following diseases:
1 acute appendicitis is an inflammatory disease of the appendix of the cecum,
3 intestinal infection,
4 some colds, such as bronchitis, tracheitis, pneumonia,
5 acute gastroenteritis,
6 intoxication of the body substandard food, alcohol or poisons.
Most often, vomiting with water and increased body temperature are caused by infectious bowel disease or poisoning. The children's body is much more sensitive, it is able to respond with the appearance of emetic urge to the rapid rise in body temperature caused by any infection or pathology.
Symptoms of intestinal infection and viral disease at the initial stage are difficult to distinguish. In both cases, the child has a fever, vomiting and sore throat. Other, more characteristic symptoms manifest themselves later. Be that as it may, but prompt treatment to a medical facility when vomiting and hyperthermia appear is a must. Only a specialist is able to distinguish banal poisoning from an acute attack of appendicitis, which requires urgent surgical intervention.
Mechanism of development and prerequisites for the development of vomiting
Being an act of a reflex nature, the emetic process does not lend itself to the control of consciousness and the suppression of volitional effort. Feeling the need for cleansing from toxic and toxic substances, the body, as a rule, reacts with the development of nausea and the subsequent release of vomit out of the stomach by their release from the stomach into the esophagus and oral cavity.
Помимо очищения тошнота/рвота могут быть вызваны и различными патологическими состояниями, причем, как в виде основной симптоматики, так и в сочетании с иными признаками развития заболевания.
Механизм возникновения рвоты, беря свое начало в рвотном центре желудочка мозга головы, предваряется тошнотой, ощущение которой пациенту распознать довольно просто. Это повышенное слюноотделение, сосущее чувство «под ложечкой». The patient becomes ill, and he turns pale, becoming covered with cold sweat. Releasing from the vomit, as a rule, the patient is relieved. However, the pain in the muscles of the peritoneum, larynx and soft palate, which are actively involved in the process, protecting the breathing path from clogging them with masses of vomiting, he will still feel some time.
The main prerequisites for the development of the process of vomiting are:
- the strongest sensations of pain of various etiologies,
- damage and pathological disorders in any part of the central nervous system,
- psychogenic causes
- alcohol or medication poisoning,
- diseases of the digestive tract.
Vomiting water in a child
Vomiting of water in patients of the pediatric age group is extremely rare and develops mainly against the background of increased mucus formation. The exception is the need to wash the baby's stomach.
This condition is not dangerous for the baby and it is quite easy to get rid of it. It is only necessary to eliminate the cause of the active production of mucous membranes and the reason for the development of nausea and vomiting will not. Basically, a child may be pulled out with water as a result of draining excess mucous fluids through the throat into the stomach, which it irritates, causing nausea spasms for the following reasons:
- flu, catarrhal ailments of the upper respiratory tract or ENT organs,
- runny nose, sore throat,
- staying indoors with excessively dry air,
- long walks in the cold.
In order to eliminate vomiting attacks, which by and large serve as a protective mechanism for the mucous membranes of the child from the adverse effects of the environment, it is necessary to achieve optimal conditions in the room where children stay or heal the common cold if there is one.
Why do adults have watery vomiting?
The cause of vomiting watery nature in an adult is often starvation. When the intervals between meals are more than ten hours, the gastric juice produced by the stomach, irritating its walls, causes the patient to experience nausea with the subsequent release of watery fluid. In this case, people often do not feel hunger, although it is certainly present, as evidenced by the development of water vomiting. To eliminate such a condition, it is necessary to adjust the diet in order not to allow the patient to have more than eight hours between meals.
Vomiting water and temperature
Cases are not excluded when, with a significant decrease in immunity and weakening of the body, a patient can simultaneously show signs of several diseases at once, for example, when anemia occurs with a regular rise in body temperature, the patient experiences a hypertensive crisis accompanied by vomiting. But still there are a number of diseases when watery vomiting and fever develop in a complex.
- When food poisoning, which is caused by the ingestion of food of poor quality / stale nature. High fever, nausea-vomiting, and intense diarrhea usually develop within two hours of food ingestion.
- If ingested toxins and poisons. Often lead to poisoning dishes made from mushrooms.
- Diarrhea, vomiting and nausea can be the result of poisonous insect bites.
- Due to the development of rotavirus or intestinal flu in a patient, especially with a weakened immune system, dysentery / dysbiosis can subsequently develop. The ailment is transmitted through the air in a short period of time when it comes into contact with an infected patient. Vomiting, accompanied by intense heat, leading to dehydration, characterizes this infection.
- When the inflammatory process in the kidneys, which manifests symptoms in the form of fever and vomiting, it is recommended to immediately consult a specialist.
- In cases of liver diseases, the development of hepatitis, the origin of which is viral, also the temperature rises initially. The patient begins to feel sick until vomiting.
- The need to remove appendicitis is indicated by pain in the lower abdomen (right side), which is accompanied by vomiting and fever.
For any manifestation of complex development of vomiting and high temperature, you need to seek medical help. Since the infectious nature of nausea from a situation requiring surgery can only be distinguished by a doctor.
Vomiting yellow water
In the presence of yellow vomiting accompanied by bitterness (due to bile entering the intestine), professional diagnostics should be resorted to. This manifestation occurs mainly due to spasm of the biliary tract and is quite a serious symptom of liver disease. The nature of which may be infectious in nature.
It is also impossible to exclude the development:
Vomiting green water
Vomiting of green water usually worries with disorders and mental disorders. The cause of psychogenic toxicosis can be prolonged depressive or stressful states. In this case, suffering from such ill health can not do without the help of a specialist in the field of psychiatry, who will be able to correctly diagnose the disease and prescribe adequate treatment.
What to do when vomiting water?
Taking into account some danger of the process of vomiting, which can lead to dehydration of the body, it is necessary not to leave the patient unattended and to drink plenty of water. This will not only reduce discomfort, but also allow you to keep the balance of water and alkali normal. It is necessary to use for drinking not only drinking water, but also special salt hydration mixtures:
Stop vomiting with water in babies is easy. Basically, the help is reduced to the creation of favorable conditions in the room where the child is staying, especially with regard to the humidity of the air. In the case when the crumb is suffering from a cold, vomiting with water will stop bothering him after her cure.
In order to help an adult with watery vomiting, it is necessary first of all to ensure that his body is placed as comfortably as possible. The best position is considered to be sitting with fabric and oil-cloth material applied to the chest area to protect clothes from vomiting. Place dishes in front of the patient. When the patient feels very bad, it is allowed to lay him down and lower his head below the torso and install next to him a container for vomiting.
After emptying the stomach, the patient can be given water, with which he can rinse his throat and mouth. It is necessary to put the patient, giving him a comfortable position. If a painful, indomitable process of vomiting is observed, it is necessary to give the patient a respite trying to stop the emptying spasms by resorption of ice cubes with the addition of a couple of drops of mint.
When the patient is worried about vomiting, it should be limited to eating. Shown regular intake of drugs for removing toxins - enterosorbents to completely get rid of nausea. Works well in this case, activated carbon. It is recommended to carry out its appointment, taking into account the patient's body weight, where one tablet of the drug is prescribed for every ten kilograms of weight. You can also advise Filtrum.
Help with vomiting water is easy and often it can be done independently. However, one should not neglect qualified medical care if, in addition to vomiting, the patient has a high fever or emetic masses have a characteristic color, and the process is accompanied not only by unpleasant sensations, but also by tangible pain syndrome.