Helminths, parasitic in the body, can live not only in the intestines, but also in the internal organs, for example, in the female genital tract. Worms in the vagina - a problem that despite the absurdity of sound for many, actually exists, moreover - it is widespread.
How do parasites penetrate the female reproductive tract?
Many women are shocked by the fact that helminths are in the vagina. But there is nothing surprising in the fact that parasites are able to live and reproduce in the organs of the intimate sphere, because all the favorable conditions for their vital activity are created in the vagina.
Despite the fact that helminthic invasions are most common in childhood, the disease is not excluded in adult women. Parasites such as pinworms, roundworms, trichinella, whipworms, and hookworms move easily from the intestines into the vagina.
Whipworms migrate to the female’s genital tract through the bloodstream. These parasites feed on blood in the small intestine, but the vagina has equally favorable conditions for their active life. Ascarids are also able to move into the vagina, since they are demanding for oxygen and easily reproduce at a temperature of + 12 ° C and higher - all these conditions are met in the female intimate organ. In addition, the favorable temperature environment of the genital tract attracts hookworm.
Trichinella can move throughout the body, affecting its internal organs. Trichinella migration occurs through the bloodstream and lymphatic system. Once in the vagina, these parasites sufficiently in a short time violate the integrity of the mucous and muscle fibers, deeply penetrating and parasitizing them.
Good conditions enable the helminths to live for a long time in the female genital tract, feeding on blood and vaginal secretions. To worms moved into the vagina, it is not enough to comply with sanitary and hygienic standards. It is difficult to avoid this if a woman suffers from helminthic invasions that need to be treated.
Symptoms of parasitic infection
As a result of the fact that parasites are able to exist in the intestine and in the vagina, the clinical manifestations of helminthiasis can be local and general in nature. The common ones become the result of the vital activity of the helminths in the organism as a whole, and the locals the consequence of the migration of the parasitic organisms into the sexual ways. To make it easier, compare these symptoms in the table.
- Stool disorders in the form of recurrent constipation and diarrhea.
- Undigested food particles can be found in feces.
- Pain in the anal orifice during bowel movement.
- The characteristic sensation of itching in the anus, especially at night.
- Pain in the muscles throughout the body.
- Changes in the appearance of women are not for the better: pallor of the skin and mucous membranes, sleep disorders, anemia, dehydration, irritability.
- Severe painful itching in the vagina and external genitals, most often at night.
- Increased vaginal discharge, sometimes with streaks of blood.
- Disorders of the menstrual cycle.
- Unpleasant feelings in the process of sexual intercourse.
- Allergic reactions to feminine hygiene products, such as tampons, pads.
- Burning during urination.
If the disease is seriously neglected, the woman's body is simply infested with parasites, often she suffers from various allergic diseases, which are manifested not only on the face and body, but also on the skin and mucous membrane of the external intimate organs. Allergies can manifest as rash, painful itching inside the vagina and on the genital lips, as well as the hairy part of the pubis.
As a result of constant scratching, persistent irritation of the skin appears, any contact with it causes discomfort. Rarely, such reactions as angioedema and anaphylactic shock develop.
Parasites in the vagina can cause a deterioration in general and local immune protection. A woman begins to get sick more often with colds, herpes infections, etc.
What are the dangerous worms in the vagina?
So, we found out - can there be worms in the vagina and what symptoms do they cause, then we will look at - what are they dangerous with? Parasites living in the genital tract, are quite dangerous to health. This is due to the complications that they provoke:
- Anemia. Many worms feed on blood. If there are too many parasites in the genital tract, a woman can develop a serious form of anemia associated with total blood loss.
- Damage to the vaginal mucosa and other internal genital organs (cervix, uterus, etc.). This condition develops against the background of chronic injury to the mucous membrane of the genital organs, as a result of which not only the vagina, but also erosive changes, cracks, and ulcers can form on the cervix.
- Inflammatory diseases of internal genital organs. Due to damage to the vaginal mucosa, external infectious factors brought into it as a result of permanent scratching, can cause local inflammation in the form of obstruction, vaginosis, or vulvitis.
The presence of parasites in the genital tract of a woman is not safe and for her sexual partner - a man. Since he risks being infected during intercourse. Also, all family members may be at risk of infection if common household items are used - towels, washcloths, bedding, clothes.
Worm infestation in the vagina of the child
Not only adult women, but also girls of younger or teenage age can face this unpleasant problem. Parasites by the same migration mechanisms described above are able to penetrate the child's genital tract and lead active livelihoods there.
In the presence of worms in the vagina, the girl will complain of unbearable itching, irritation of the genitals, abundant vaginal discharge. In addition, on the panties of the child can be found after sleeping eggs and larvae of parasites.
Many parents, unknowingly, first faced with such a problem, do not even realize that it is about helminthiasis in the child's genital tract. Therefore, they delay the treatment, launching the pathological process even deeper. The lack of medical care leads to more dangerous complications, including subsequent infertility. For any problems with the sexual sphere, despite the child’s age, parents should consult with the pediatric gynecologist.
To determine the presence of worms in the vagina can be in laboratory conditions, the larvae and waste products of parasites will be visible during microbiological examination.
Also, a special patch in the form of a strip is stuck on the perineal area, which is left for the whole night. In the morning, a woman should peel off a plaster, attach it to a glass slide and take it to the laboratory.
Treatment of helminthiasis in the vagina
Since the vagina can not be the primary source of infection with helminthic invasions, it is imperative that the treatment be directed to the main focus of helminthiasis, the intestines and internal organs. The most commonly used anthelmintic agent is Pirvinia pamoat. This remedy is highly effective against enterobiosis, but it is practically inactive on other parasitic organisms. The dosage of Pirvinia pamoat is calculated from the formula - 5 mg. active ingredient per 1 kg. body weight. The tool is appointed once, in the morning on an empty stomach. Analogs of Pirvinia pamoat can be:
Any of the listed medicines successfully fights pinworms. For the treatment of other types of parasites that can parasitize the vagina, used drugs like mebendazole.
It has a universal spectrum of action and works successfully for most worms. The drug is administered orally, in the form of tablets or suspensions. The average dosage of mebendazole is 100 mg, for children the daily dose varies depending on the age and weight of the child - from 25 to 50 mg. The drug is convenient in that it is allowed to grind to a powdered state and mix in food, the most important is in childhood. Analogs of mebendazole are:
Since all the anthelmintic drugs have a lot of side effects and contraindications, it is not recommended to select them yourself. Especially this rule applies to children.
Local treatment is based on compliance with daily hygiene recommendations. It is necessary to clean the external genital organs with special products intended for intimate hygiene or antiseptic decoctions of herbs, for example, on the basis of chamomile, calendula, and oak bark.
The main preventive measures are to comply with all hygiene standards: thorough hand washing after toilet, visiting the street, contact with animals and before eating, washing fruits and vegetables, competent heat treatment of meat and fish products.
If a woman has suspected the presence of parasites in the vagina, anthelmintic drugs can be used for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes. The timely detection and treatment of worms in the body prevents the development of this pathology.
Can parasites go into the vagina?
Pinworms are a helminth that can pass into the vagina at night. This is due to the fact that during sleep the human muscles are relaxed and the parasite comes out of the anus. Given the favorable temperature in the vagina, pinworms go into it.
The whipworm can also pass into the vagina from the intestines. Contributes to this development of the circulatory system of the female genital organs. Considering that whipworm feeds on human blood, the vagina is a favorable environment for its reproduction and development.
Ascaris has the ability to pass into the vagina. This is due to two factors:
- The presence of free air access, as for their normal growth and development requires oxygen,
- The appropriate temperature, as they breed at a temperature within +12 - +36 0 С.
A hookworm can also creep from the rectum into the vagina due to the temperature of the female's internal genital organs. A provoking factor for the worms to crawl into the vagina, is non-compliance with the rules of personal hygiene.
Direct transition trichinella from the intestine into the vagina is unlikely. Helminth is introduced into the genitals with blood or through the lymphatic system. Trichinella affects not only the mucous membrane, which is well developed in the vagina, but also the muscular layer.
Is the vagina a permanent habitat?
Given the favorable conditions for the growth and reproduction of worms in the vagina, they can live in it for a long time. Due to the developed circulatory system, worms that feed on blood can live in the female reproductive system for many years. Such helminths include:
Parasites that do not have the ability to feed on blood quickly die or go into an intermediate state - they are covered with a capsule. In this form, the helminth may be in the vagina some years or lifelong women. There are also worms that feed on epithelial cells, such cells are abundant in the vagina. In addition to the temperature in the vagina and the rich circulatory system, the reproduction of helminths contributes to acidity in the internal organs.
The life span of the helminth in the vagina varies from a few months to tens of years. In many cases, during menstruation, worms can leach out of the vagina, but not completely.
Since the worms in the vagina come from the affected intestine, the symptoms are general and local. Common symptoms include:
- Violation of the act of defecation (constipation, diarrhea, difficult painful bowel movements), a woman can visit the toilet up to ten times a day, there are false urges,
- The appearance in the feces of undigested food particles,
- Soreness along the colon,
- Itching in the anus, scratching on the skin of the anus,
- Pain in the muscles and the violation of their function, which is typical for trichinae.
The general condition of the woman is also deteriorating, pallor of the skin caused by anemia and dehydration appears. Body weight is rapidly declining. Sleep is disturbed, it becomes restless due to the release of worms from the anus and the appearance of itching. In children in the morning on the underwear can be found helminth larvae.
Local symptoms include:
- Severe, intolerable itching in the vagina, which is noted more often at night,
- The presence of mucus secretions in large quantities, in some cases possible admixture of blood,
- Burning during urination, which is caused by urine entering the damaged vaginal mucosa,
- Menstrual dysfunction, menses become painful, there is a burning sensation in the vagina,
- Sexual intercourse brings discomfort.
Underwear can also be found worm larvae. A woman affected by worms often develops an allergic reaction, which is manifested on the skin of the external genital organs or by general changes. There are rashes, itching, not only in the vagina, but also on the labia, clitoris, pubic. The skin of the genitals becomes red, any contact with it causes discomfort. The rash can be localized anywhere on the skin. In some cases, anaphylactic shock or angioedema develops.
With the defeat of the female body worms there is a decrease in the overall immunity of the body. Therefore, a woman often begins to suffer from colds, herpes and other viral or bacterial pathologies appear.
Danger of parasites in the vagina
Helminths in the vagina are a dangerous pathology. Complications that may occur due to parasites in the genitals are:
- Anemia. This is especially true for worms that feed on blood. With a large number of parasites in the vagina can develop severe blood loss.
- Violations of the integrity of the vagina and all internal genital organs. This complication occurs due to the constant injury of the mucous membrane of the female reproductive system. There are erosions, ulcers, cracks of the vagina. If the risk of developing cervical erosion.
- Infectious and inflammatory diseases. They occur when the infection gets into the damaged vaginal mucosa. The result is vulvitis, colpitis, vaginosis.
There is also a risk of infertility, as helminths interfere with the normal fertilization of the egg and the implantation process. Helminthal infection of the vagina is a dangerous pathology due to the possibility of parasites infecting the sexual partner during sex.
A woman can infect family members with worms while using a common bath, personal care products, towels or clothing. If personal hygiene rules are not followed, there is a risk of contamination of others through household items, dishes or food (if a woman cooks food with unwashed hands).
Since the vagina is never affected independently, treatment should be aimed at eliminating worms from the primary lesion and local therapy of the worms in the vagina. Inside the drug is prescribed - pyramid pamoat. It is active in relation to pinworms, it has no effect on other worms. Drug dose 5 mg per pound of body weight. It is taken once a day, in the morning before meals. Analogs of this drug are:
For the treatment of enterobiosis, you can use any of these drugs. Therapy for the rest of the worms that may inhabit the vagina is based on the use of mebendazole. It has a wide spectrum of action and is active in relation to the most common helminths. It is applied orally, in tablets.
The dosage is 100 mg, but in young children the daily dose can be reduced to 50 or 25 mg. Tablets can be either swallowed completely, or crushed to a state of powder or added to food, which is especially convenient in young children. You can replace mebendazole with the following drugs:
Also, in case of ascariasis, enterobiasis or ankilostomidosis, the drug helmintox can be used. It is also used in tablets, but it should not be given to children. under 6 years old, as it has a large range of side effects. It kills the worms and contributes to the independent release of worms from the intestine during the act of defecation. The drug is used once, but for prophylactic purposes it can be used for three weeks.
Local treatment consists of regular hygienic measures; it is necessary to wash with the use of intimate hygiene products or herbal infusions.
If a woman has pinworms during pregnancy, therapy with specific drugs is unsafe. Therefore, pregnant women should regularly maintain personal hygiene, wash their hands in order to avoid the re-entry of the helminth into the body. Recovery occurs independently within one month.
In any case, the appointment of treatment should be carried out after a full examination of the patient and only by a doctor.
Выявление глистов во влагалище
При глистной инвазии женщины не сразу могут обнаружить наличие в организме инфекции. Если глистов не выявить на начальной стадии болезни, их количество может резко возрасти, что приводит к массовой инвазии.
In this case, the first symptoms of helminthiasis in the form of nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, constant weakness, problems in digestion begin to appear.
Most often the worms in the vagina are detected in children, the worms are in the pussy of the girl by crawling into the vagina from the anus when the child is sleeping.
Parasites are small white worms measuring 0.5-1.5 cm in length. Detection of worms strongly shocking parents, and they begin to wonder if the worms can crawl and constantly live in the vagina?
- With the defeat of the children's body, parasites can lead to inflammation of the genital organs, causing an easy blood trail. To pinpoint the cause of the girl’s discharge, the doctor attaches a special adhesive tape to the perineum. Next, the tape is investigated by laboratory under a microscope, the presence of helminthiasis and infection of the genital tract.
- When detected in the discharge of worms prescribed a course of special therapy. Since the worms in a child greatly weaken the immune system, releasing toxic substances in the process of life, most often after a short break, repeated treatment is carried out.
- It is important to note that the helminths in the vagina in girls can lead to the development of chronic diseases of the reproductive organs, so you should immediately consult a doctor to prevent the occurrence of complications.
Typically, the worms in women gynecology reveals during the examination of the patient. However, helminths are not found in the genitals for a long time. The fact is that the genital tract is not a permanent place of parasitism of worms.
In nature, there are helminths schistosomes, which belong to the class of trematodes. They live and multiply in the pelvic cavity, leading to serious gynecological problems. But even such worms cannot constantly parasitize in the genital tract.
In women living in Russia, the only source of worms in the vaginal cavity is the intestine. As the doctors explain, if the worms could live in the genital tract all the time, they would not need musculature.
By parasitizing the intestinal area, with the help of muscles, worms can successfully resist the pushed food and the peristalsis of the digestive system. For habitat in the vagina and uterus, a similar natural feature is not required for worms.
Also roundworms, pinworms or other roundworms do not like to be in the genital tract for a long time. This is due to the fact that:
- Any parasites can feel good only if they are in an alkaline environment that exists in the intestine. Once in the vagina, they fall into a hostile acidic environment, where they can not fully develop and dwell.
- In the vagina and uterus worms are defenseless, they can not get the food they need. There are no villi in the genitals, there is no possibility for intestinal absorption, so the parasites are starving.
Thus, if the worms even fall into the vaginal area, they do not stay there for a long time and quickly change their location.
Meanwhile, even the temporary stay of worms in the female genital organs can lead to serious health problems.
What harm do parasites in the external genitalia
Even the short-term presence of worms in the uterus or vagina can lead to the development of various sexual diseases. Crawling from the anal canal into the genital tract, worms unwittingly transfer the intestinal microflora, as well as a blood clot.
Thus, roundworms or pinworms, crawling out of the back hole, can carry germs and particles of fecal masses. If this phenomenon occurs regularly, the girl may complain of vaginal dysbacteriosis.
- Also, due to the mixing of microflora, bacterial vaginosis may develop, in which case the acidic medium begins to change to alkaline. This causes women symptoms in the form of mild itching pain, burning in the genitals, vaginal discharge acquires an unpleasant nitrogenous smell, reminiscent of the smell of rotten fish.
- Including parasites can be dangerous for a woman with the ability to move in any internal organs. After entering the genital tract, sometimes the worms are in the uterus, crawling into the fallopian tubes and as a result are in the abdominal cavity.
- This behavior of worms leads to inflammation in the pelvic area. As a result, pelvioperitonitis develops, cicatricial constriction is formed, uterine requirements become infected, this becomes the main cause of infertility in women.
As in the intestines, worms in the genital tract provoke the appearance of itching, burning and other signs of intoxication. Helminths, parasitic in the body, throughout life emit toxic substances that adversely affect health.
However, a woman for a long time may be unaware of the presence of worms in the genitals, since the symptoms of this infection are not pronounced.
Symptoms of helminth in the genital tract
In general, the symptoms of genital tract helminthic invasion do not have specific signs. Being both in the intestine and in the vagina, the parasites may not be felt for a long time, so the disease most often proceeds covertly.
- Sometimes itchy sensation in the vagina may occur, the woman feels the presence in the body of a foreign body. Also for unknown reasons, the menstrual cycle is disturbed, there is blood discharge after menstruation, there is pain in the lower abdomen.
- Since the worms usually crawl out of the anus at night, when a person is sleeping, it is possible to detect the accumulation of parasites in the morning, if you look at the external genitals and the eve of the vagina.
- Other symptoms of infection are not remarkable. A woman may complain of a sluggish state, weakness in the whole body, unstable stool, nausea, loss of appetite.
- If large worms through the fallopian tubes are in the abdominal cavity, the patient may experience severe pain, with a sharp rise in temperature, symptoms of an "acute abdomen" appear. In this case, emergency surgery is required.
- Some types of parasites, while in the vagina, lay eggs, thereby causing problems for women. Often, the patient develops thrush, which is not easy to cure.
Helminthiasis can successfully hide behind other diseases during which the body is intoxicated. In particular, on the skin of a woman a rash of unknown origin is detected, the face also swells, and the lymph nodes, muscles and joints hurt.
Helminths, while in the uterus, often become the cause of exacerbation of chronic diseases.
Treatment of genital organs from helminthic invasion
Leaving the usual habitat of parasites is often associated with maintaining improper lifestyle of people. For a while, worms can change their place of parasitism if it becomes uncomfortable in the intestines.
The reason for this is increased peristalsis, with which the worms can not cope. Also, this phenomenon causes the consumption of too coarse, sharp, salty foods. Sometimes worms migrate if a person is experiencing excessive physical exertion.
Therefore, therapy against worms primarily comes down to the treatment of intestinal microflora. With this form of helminthiasis, the doctor also prescribes the use of anti-parasitic drugs. But it is important to bear in mind that the dosage of the drug for removing worms from the genitals should be different, exceeding the traditional one.
In this regard, before you start taking medication, you must pass a serological analysis of blood for parasites and undergo colposcopic research. This will identify the degree of infection, determine the type of worms and accurately determine whether they are in the vagina.
If the worms crawled into the genital tract only once, the doctor prescribes to pass an analysis of feces for the presence of parasite eggs. Additionally, do scraping on enterobiosis.
- When confirming the diagnosis, a special procedure for treating the genital tract is assigned.
- To do this, in the anus of a woman injected with a vaseline swab to block the path for worms.
- This method allows you to quickly remove worms from the genital tract.
If there are roundworms, schistosomiasis or other large-sized worms in the body of a woman and girls, an infection doctor and a helminthologist should be examined by a physician. After performing the necessary tests, the patient will be prescribed the correct treatment in order to remove the worms completely from the whole body.
During the course of therapy, a vaseline-smeared vampel should be inserted into the anus for the duration of sleep in order to prevent another creeping of the worms. It is also important to monitor intimate hygiene, to do regular washing. In this case, the procedure should be carried out in the direction only from front to back so as not to carry the infection into the genital tract.
Worms in the vagina: random guests or "regular visitors"?
We will reassure those women who are experiencing that the genital tract is "home to the parasites." This is not true. Of course, there are trematodes, called schistosomes, which are able to live and multiply in the vessels of the pelvis, causing gynecological problems, but they do not appear in the genital tract, because they are not there.
In our climate, the intestines are the only source of helminths in the vagina. After all, if they would live in the genital tract permanently, then they would not need musculature: in the intestines, parasites with its help resist peristalsis and the flow of food. In the genitals and uterus, the muscles of the worms would not be needed.
In addition, roundworms in the genital tract of a healthy girl, or girl, "do not like."
The reasons are simple and banal:
- helminths feel good in the alkaline environment of the intestine. Getting into the vagina, they "whole body" begin to feel the hostile acidic environment, which is created by Dederlein's sticks, or lactobacilli,
- helminths in the genitals simply have nothing to eat. There is no intestinal absorption, no villi, and the worms begin to starve.
This leads to the fact that the helminths try, having got there accidentally, to go out of there "home", into the intestine. But is it safe their neighborhood with the female genital organs?
What are the dangerous worms in the external genital tract?
Of course, because the worms are in the vagina by chance, and for a short time, does not bring much joy. What harm can be from them?
As in the previous case, there are two main reasons why this is unacceptable. The first reason is the drift of intestinal flora into the genital tract. In other words, pinworms, for example, crawling through the anus, are inserted into the genital tract microflora of the intestine, that is, the microparticles of feces and microbes. With regular episodes, this leads to the development of vaginal dysbiosis, or bacterial vaginosis, with which acidic environment is replaced by alkaline, and women have unpleasant symptoms:
- mild pain in the genitals
- discharge with an unpleasant smell of nitrogenous substances - amines. There is a smell of rotten fish.
The second reason why worms in the vagina can be dangerous is if they try to crawl "not there." They can get into the uterus, crawl out into the fallopian tubes, and finally into the abdominal cavity. This can cause inflammation in the pelvis, with the development of pelvioperitonitis, cicatricial constriction and clogging of the tubes, which leads to infertility. Here is a photo of worms, however, in the intestines, but in the vagina, this is a large roundworm, which can cause all the complications after crawling.
What signs are typical for helminth in the genital tract?
Symptoms of helminthic transient invasion of the vagina
In that case, if the worms themselves are not visible from the outside, then the symptoms of worms in the vagina may be hidden. There is an itch, a feeling of a foreign body, mucous discharge, pain may appear. Most often, the parasites crawl out of the anus at night, so in the morning, when examining the external genital organs, and the vestibule of the vagina, you can find a cluster of parasites with enterobiasis.
The remaining symptoms of helminthic invasion are not specific: worried about weakness, lethargy, unstable stool, nausea, loss of appetite. In the event that a large worm gets into the abdominal cavity, severe pain, fever, and signs of "acute abdomen" may appear, which may require urgent surgical intervention in the gynecology department.
Treatment of ectopic helminthiasis foci
Strange as it may seem, but often people themselves are the cause of this “behavior” of their companions - parasites. After all, if they leave their home, it turns out that it became bad. This can occur when increasing peristalsis, eating coarse and fibrous foods, when playing sports, as well as when eating too spicy and salty foods.
Treatment of worms in the vagina is inseparable from the treatment of intestinal forms of helminthiasis. But there is one peculiarity: if a person eating an antiparasitic drug is guaranteed to “wipe out” worms from the intestines, then the extra intestinal form of helminthiasis requires another level of drug concentration in the blood, organs and tissues, so you need to first have a colposcopy and find out if there are any signs of the appearance of parasites in the genital tract.
In the event that this was a “one-off” visit, then a triple analysis of feces on the eggs of the worm, and scraping on enterobiosis is necessary. If the diagnosis is confirmed, it is enough to insert a vaseline-smeared swab into the anus for the duration of treatment, this will help get rid of the worms in the vagina, since they will simply block the way to exit.
In the event that the worms are large and diagnosed with ascariasis or schistosomiasis, a full consultation of an infectious disease specialist and a helminthologist is necessary, because only he knows how to cure worms not only from the vagina, but also from other places that are called extra-intestinal localization of parasites.
Anyway, If you find such an unpleasant symptom, you need to visit a gynecologist, an infectious disease specialist, and pass feces on the eggs of a worm and scraping on pinworms, and at night to close the anus with a swab, which will prevent the process of "relocation of uninvited guests" until treatment is started.
It is also important to respect the rules of intimate hygiene, in which you only need to wash from front to back, from the genitals to the anus, and nothing else.
Infection with vaginal worms is often accompanied by cervical erosion. Due to worms, ulcers can form in the mucosa of this organ. In addition, doctors in such women very often diagnose vaginosis, vulvitis, colpitis. And few people know that the cause of infertility frolicking in a woman can be ordinary worms.
The cause of most of the changes caused by worms in the female genitals is easily identifiable. In the course of their life, they injure the vaginal mucosa. In the place of violation of the mucous membrane infection, which causes the disease.
Worms in the vagina can live not only in women. Similar pathology can be identified in young girls. The appearance of worms in the vagina in girls is usually secondary. The main place of localization of worms in them is the intestine.
In the vagina, they fall during sleep. The child has irritation of the vulva. Children with this pathology complain of severe itching in this area. The girls appear discharge from the vagina, which normally should not be. Worm larvae can be found on the baby's panties.
In the case of infection with worms, it is impossible to treat with the treatment in any way, since not only the parasites themselves are dangerous, but also diseases caused by their fault. In women, the hardest complication that has arisen due to the fault of worms is infertility.
Any treatment for suspected worms should begin with a diagnosis. For each type of worms, their expelling drugs have been developed. Before you find the right drug is a special test. For its holding takes a plaster, which is glued to the vagina overnight. In the morning, this strip is examined under a microscope, thus determining the type of worm infestation.
Treatment of lesions with pinworms is performed using Pirvinia pamoata. A feature of this drug is its age limit. Not every remedy for worms can begin to apply with three months. This tool allows you to fight with worm infestation in very young children.
The dosage of the drug should be determined by the attending physician. The main guideline for determining the required amount of medication is the weight of the child or adult. A single dose is usually enough, but if the need arises, treatment can be repeated after two weeks.
Mebendazole is a drug that acts directly on many types of worms. It is applied in accordance with the scheme outlined in the instructions attached to the drug, but it is best if the dose is calculated by the attending physician.
Reception Mebendazole is allowed for children from two years. The dosage depends entirely on the weight of the patient. In pregnancy, the drug is best not to use. Существует ряд препаратов, обладающих те ми же свойствами что и Мебендазол, но каждый из них имеет свои ограничения, поэтому заниматься самолечением крайне нежелательно. Например, Вермокс нельзя назначать пациентам, страдающим заболеваниями печени, так как этот препарат выводится именно печенью.
In conjunction with antihelminthic drugs are used and drugs belonging to the group of antimicrobials. The need for their use is due to candidiasis, which is a complication of helminthic invasion.
In this case, the doctor may prescribe Nystatin or one of the drugs with a similar effect. Nystatin can be used to treat both adults and children. Again, its dosage is calculated based on the weight of the patient and his age. Fluconazole, which is also used to treat a fungal infection, is prohibited to use until the age of four.
Since no one is insured against reinfection, it is necessary to follow the rules of personal hygiene, which will help reduce the risk. Therefore, prevention is the main way to avoid infection by worms and their entry into the vagina.
The main method of prevention is a certain order of hygiene procedures. A woman should always be flushed, moving from the perineum to the anus, in order to avoid contact of the feces with the mucous membrane of the perineum.
How do worms appear in the vagina?
Infection of the vagina with worms occurs if they already live in the intestines. At night, when the body is relaxed, worms can easily creep from the anus to the genitals.
In our region, several types of helminths are most common..
Frequent inhabitant of the human body. It is easy to infect them: through dirty hands, unwashed vegetables and fruits, dust. Children often become infected through toys. The disease caused by pinworms is called enterobiosis.
Distributed everywhere, except for the desert and tundra, it is found in people of different ages. Children often "get acquainted" with this helminth after playing in the sandbox. Infection occurs similarly to enterobiasis and is called ascariasis.
It is easy to become infected by eating heat poorly processed meat. The risk group consists of people working on livestock farms. Most often found in Europe and America, the disease - trichinosis.
It is rare and only among people who have visited the African continent. Infection occurs from a sick person, a cat or a dog, while working on the ground. The disease is called ankilostomidosis.
The vagina, thanks to a well-developed circulatory system and an optimal temperature, is an excellent place for reproduction and growth of various microorganisms. Parasites that feed on blood or epithelium can live there for a long time. If the blood is not a prerequisite for their existence, they quickly die or become covered by a capsule, so they can be in the vagina for many years.
Signs of worms in the vagina
Pinworms in the vagina, including children, are more common. Females of these parasites can leave the intestines, crawling to the female genital organs during the laying of eggs. With the defeat of worms, the child constantly scratches the crotch area, and on the laundry you can see traces of mucous discharge and even worms eggs.
There is a local and general symptoms of helminthic invasion. Local signs of worms in the vagina are as follows:
- feeling of itching in the genitals, especially at night,
- painful urination
- thrush, possible discharge with blood,
- vaginal dryness
- discomfort during intercourse,
- menstrual disorders.
Common signs of the presence of parasites:
- abnormal stools (diarrhea, constipation, pain during stool, false urges),
- stomach ache,
- itching anus,
- allergic reactions
- nausea or vomiting
- increased fatigue
- muscle pain.
A woman’s general physical condition is deteriorating: she loses weight, becomes pale, the quality of sleep decreases (frequent awakenings, disturbing itching at night), frequent viral diseases appear due to reduced immunity.
What are dangerous parasites?
Being in the vagina, worms injure its mucous membrane and release toxic substances. This leads to diseases of the reproductive system:
- cervical erosion, ulcers in the vagina due to violations of the integrity of the mucous membranes by worms,
- vaginosis, colpitis, vulvitis - occur when an infection hits the damaged mucosa,
- infertility - worms impede the normal fertilization of the egg and the implantation process.
The worms enter the intestinal microflora (particles of feces and microbes) into the genital tract, but as a result, the acidic environment of the vagina mixes with the alkaline intestinal environment, which leads to the development of bacterial vaginosis.
Parasites whose blood supply is the source of anemia. Severe damage to the body by such a worm infestation can even lead to blood loss.
Despite the favorable living conditions in the acidic environment of the genitals, this microflora is not “native” for helminths. In search of a better habitat, they can continue their journey. As a result of this migration, worms can appear in the uterus, fallopian tubes and abdominal cavity.
The defeat of the vagina with worms is a dangerous pathology. A woman can infect her sexual partner and other family members, subject to the use of shared towels, bathtubs and personal care products. If a woman prepares food with unwashed hands, infection occurs through food or dishes.
How to get rid of unpleasant "neighbors"
Worm invasion of the vagina is not an independent disease, so treatment should be aimed at eliminating the primary focus of development of helminthiasis - in the intestine. Drug medications are prescribed depending on the type of parasites.
Pirvinia pamoat (Gelvin, Primon, Vankin) - only with enterobiasis. It is taken once in the morning on an empty stomach, at the rate of 1 tablet per 5 kg of weight.
Mebendazole (Vermox, Telmox, Vormin) is used to treat different types of helminthiasis: enterobiosis, ascariasis, ankilostomidosis, trichocephalosis, trichinosis, as well as with a mixed form of helminthiasis. Small children should be crushed and added to food.
Gelmintoks - effective with ascariasis, enterobiasis, ankilostomidoze. Recommended for children over 6 years old.
With the development of fungal diseases on the background of helminthic invasion, antimicrobial treatment is prescribed - Nystatin, Fluconazole.
As a local therapy, personal hygiene is recommended:
- wash your hands often with warm water and soap
- change your underwear daily
- wash from the pubis to the anus, including after each act of defecation,
- during the treatment period, lubricate the anus with zinc ointment and insert a gauze pad into the anus overnight.
Fully protected from parasites is almost impossible. But to minimize the risk of injury to people under the force. To do this, follow the basic rules of hygiene, do not eat raw or poorly processed meat, in order to prevent antihelminth therapy.
Can worms get into the vagina and uterus?
Some types of worms can crawl out of the anus and into the vagina. They can lay eggs there and cause a lot of problems for a woman. Worms in the vagina and in the uterus can cause thrush, which is difficult to treat.
Sexual worms do not immediately manifest themselves, for a long time they can hide under the general signs of invasion. For example, there is an incomprehensible rash on the skin, there is swelling of the face, there is pain in the muscles and joints, lymph nodes increase. Worms in the uterus and vagina can cause exacerbation of chronic diseases.
Most often, this kind of parasites are found in children and in women with a weakened immune system. Worms in the vagina in a child can cause inflammation of the genitals. To identify the cause of discharge, doctors usually strengthen a special adhesive tape in the crotch area. After that, the presence of worms in the vagina can be established by examining this tape under a microscope.
If worms were found in the secretions, the doctor will prescribe a special course of treatment. The long presence of parasites greatly weakens the immune system, so you may need a second course of treatment. Worms in the vagina in girls must be treated, otherwise they can cause chronic diseases of the reproductive organs.
Worms in the genitals
Many people already know that parasites can live in many places, but can worms live in the vagina and in the uterus? Most types of worms feel great only in the digestive organs, but there are other worms that migrate throughout the body. Worms in the genital lips, in the vagina and in the uterus are not common, but still happen. As a rule, they get there from the rectum. That is why the answer to the question whether worms can get into the vagina is positive. The female usually moves at night when the person is asleep and all muscles are relaxed.
Parasites in the genitals, as in the intestines, cause itching and other general signs of intoxication. Parasites in the course of their life emit toxic substances that adversely affect health. Symptoms of worms in the uterus are usually not pronounced, so a woman for a long time may not know her diagnosis.
Helminth complications in the vagina
Candidiasis can occur for various reasons, most often this disease is sexually transmitted. Worms can also cause thrush, the immune system is impaired due to their presence in the human body, and besides, if the parasites have got into the vagina or the uterus, the mucous membrane flora is disturbed, therefore thrush occurs.
What to do if the worms in the vagina? The answer to this question only the doctor knows, self-treatment can be dangerous to health, especially if we are talking about young children.
If the worms are in the vagina, the doctor must first conduct an examination. If the diagnosis is confirmed, antiparasitic drugs are prescribed. They have many contraindications, so using them alone is dangerous. It is much easier to cure a non-invasive invasion; it is enough to take one medicine. In advanced cases, coping with parasites is much more difficult, and then you have to treat the damaged organ.
The answer to the question whether worms can live in the vagina is now clear. Genital invasion is a very dangerous disease that can cause chronic diseases. That is why from time to time it is necessary to be examined for the presence of worms, as well as to observe all precautions.